How to format your references using the Obesity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Moro-Martin A. A call to those who care about Europe’s science. Nature 2014;514:141.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Jarosz DF, Lindquist S. Hsp90 and environmental stress transform the adaptive value of natural genetic variation. Science 2010;330:1820–1824.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mietto P, Avanzini M, Rolandi G. Palaeontology: Human footprints in Pleistocene volcanic ash. Nature 2003;422:133.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Deslys JP, Comoy E, Hawkins S, et al. Screening slaughtered cattle for BSE. Nature 2001;409:476–478.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Armaroli N, Balzani V, Serpone N. Powering Planet Earth. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Fernandes PR, Bártolo PJ eds. Advances on Modeling in Tissue Engineering. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Brown DW, Duchane DV, Heiken G, Hriscu VT. Phase I Reservoir Development—Redrilling and Flow Testing. In: Duchane DV, Heiken G, Hriscu VT (eds.). Mining the Earth’s Heat: Hot Dry Rock Geothermal Energy. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2012, pp 151–234.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. (2018). How Virtual Reality Can Help Treat Sex Offenders. [WWW document]. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/how-virtual-reality-can-help-treat-sex-offenders/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Highway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Prasad AB. Analyzing comparative sequence data to understand genome function and evolution. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Lee L. Chandana Kanithi and Siva Korukonda. New York Times 2012:ST14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity
AbbreviationObesity (Silver Spring)
ISSN (print)1930-7381
ISSN (online)1930-739X
ScopeEndocrinology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles