How to format your references using the Obesity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Foley JA. AtmospheRIC science. Tipping points in the tundra. Science 2005;310:627–628.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Abedin M, King N. The premetazoan ancestry of cadherins. Science 2008;319:946–948.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cho MK, McGee G, Magnus D. Research conduct. Lessons of the stem cell scandal. Science 2006;311:614–615.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Strom JO, Ingberg E, Theodorsson E, Theodorsson A. Effects of high and low 17β-estradiol doses on focal cerebral ischemia: negative results. Sci Rep 2013;3:3111.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Labadie N, Prins C, Prodhon C. Metaheuristics for Vehicle Routing Problems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Navathe SB, Wu W, Shekhar S, Du X, Wang SX, Xiong H eds. Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 21st International Conference, DASFAA 2016, Dallas, TX, USA, April 16-19, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Basso C, Ho SY, Thiene G. Anatomic and Histopathological Characteristics of the Conductive Tissues of the Heart. In: Gussak I, Antzelevitch C, Wilde AAM, Friedman PA, Ackerman MJ, Shen W-K (eds.). Electrical Diseases of the Heart: Genetics, Mechanisms, Treatment, Prevention. London: Springer, 2008, pp 37–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. (2018). Nemo’s Dad Should Have Become His Mom, And Other Lies Children’s Movies Told You. [WWW document]. URL https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/nemos-dad-should-have-become-his-mom-and-other-lies-childrens-movies-told-you/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. NASA Infrastructure: Challenges to Achieving Reductions and Efficiencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Keith A. Engagement and Temporary Teams: Considerations for Value Engineering Study Teams and Facilitators. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Poniewozik J. Close Encounters of the Human Kind. New York Times 2017:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity
AbbreviationObesity (Silver Spring)
ISSN (print)1930-7381
ISSN (online)1930-739X
ScopeEndocrinology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles