How to format your references using the Obesity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Obesity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Klein RG. Paleoanthropology. Whither the Neanderthals? Science 2003;299:1525–1527.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Brazeau MD, Friedman M. The origin and early phylogenetic history of jawed vertebrates. Nature 2015;520:490–497.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Grünwald D, Singer RH, Rout M. Nuclear export dynamics of RNA-protein complexes. Nature 2011;475:333–341.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Onuchic V, Lurie E, Carrero I, et al. Allele-specific epigenome maps reveal sequence-dependent stochastic switching at regulatory loci. Science 2018;361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Crighton DA, Towl GJ. Psychology in Prisons. Oxford, UK: BPS Blackwell; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Srinivasan S. Thermodiffusion in Multicomponent Mixtures: Thermodynamic, Algebraic, and Neuro-Computing Models. (Saghir MZ (ed.).). New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Altbach PG. The Complexities of Global Engagement. In: Rumbley LE, Helms RM, Peterson PM, Altbach PG (eds.). Global Opportunities and Challenges for Higher Education Leaders: Briefs on Key Themes. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2014, pp 19–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Obesity.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. (2018). Scientists Trace The Origins Of The Last Two HIV-1 Groups. [WWW document]. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/scientists-trace-origins-last-two-hiv-1-groups/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Performance Appraisal Information From Selected Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Rhoads EP. Knowledge management practices in U.S. federal agencies: The catalyst for E-Government transformation. 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dynarski S. Where Charter Schools Outperform. New York Times 2015:BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleObesity
AbbreviationObesity (Silver Spring)
ISSN (print)1930-7381
ISSN (online)1930-739X
ScopeEndocrinology
Medicine (miscellaneous)
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Nutrition and Dietetics

Other styles