How to format your references using the HOMO citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for HOMO. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jerrett, M., 2015. Atmospheric science: The death toll from air-pollution sources. Nature 525, 330–331.
A journal article with 2 authors
Marcus, A., Oransky, I., 2011. Science publishing: The paper is not sacred. Nature 480, 449–450.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nazir, S., Amin, B., Schwingenschlögl, U., 2013. Suppression of the two-dimensional electron gas in LaGaO3/SrTiO3 by cation intermixing. Sci. Rep. 3, 3409.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Green, M.A., Zhao, J., Wang, A., Reece, P.J., Gal, M., 2001. Efficient silicon light-emitting diodes. Nature 412, 805–808.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cumming, D., 2010. Private Equity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Piprek, J. (Ed.), 2005. Optoelectronic Devices: Advanced Simulation and Analysis. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Doran, B.J., Burgess, M.B., 2012. Investigating Fear of Crime, in: Burgess, M.B. (Ed.), Putting Fear of Crime on the Map: Investigating Perceptions of Crime Using Geographic Information Systems. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 67–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for HOMO.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. The Organisms That Make Us Who We Are [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Social Security: Service to the Public--Accuracy of the 800 Phone Service (No. T-HRD-90-30). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Choubey, L., 2015. Quantitative Assessment of Fgfr1 Expression in Neurons and Glia of the Developing Mouse Brain (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson, G., 2014. Still Exerting a Hold on Science. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jerrett, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Jerrett, 2015; Marcus and Oransky, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Marcus and Oransky, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Green et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleHOMO
ISSN (print)0018-442X

Other styles