How to format your references using the The FEBS Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The FEBS Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 Catterall WA (2001) Physiology. A one-domain voltage-gated sodium channel in bacteria. Science 294, 2306–2308.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 Rabinowitz JD & White E (2010) Autophagy and metabolism. Science 330, 1344–1348.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 Amunts A, Drory O & Nelson N (2007) The structure of a plant photosystem I supercomplex at 3.4 A resolution. Nature 447, 58–63.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1 Vollbrecht E, Springer PS, Goh L, Buckler ES 4th & Martienssen R (2005) Architecture of floral branch systems in maize and related grasses. Nature 436, 1119–1126.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 Shover L (2010) Trading Options in Turbulent Markets John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1 Hossain J & Mahmud A (eds.) (2014) Renewable Energy Integration: Challenges and Solutions Springer, Singapore.
A chapter in an edited book
1 Smith B, Laskowski S & Lowry S (2009) Implications of Graphics on Usability and Accessibility for the Voter. In E-Voting and Identity: Second International Conference, VOTE-ID 2009, Luxembourg, September 7-8, 2009. Proceedings (Ryan PYA & Schoenmakers B, eds), pp. 54–74. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The FEBS Journal.

Blog post
1 Luntz S (2014) Ancient Computer Even More Ancient Than We Thought. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office (1980) Federal Year-End Spending: Symptom of a Larger Problem U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 Wetherington JM (2010) The relationship between learning organization dimensions and performance in the nonprofit sector. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 Qiu L (2017) An Adoring Crowd, And a Dozen Things That Aren’t True. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe FEBS Journal
AbbreviationFEBS J.
ISSN (print)1742-464X
ISSN (online)1742-4658
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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