How to format your references using the The FEBS Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The FEBS Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 Anderson PW (2005) Thinking big. Nature 437, 625.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 Temmerman S & Kirwan ML (2015) NATURAL HAZARDS. Building land with a rising sea. Science 349, 588–589.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 DeLoache JS, Uttal DH & Rosengren KS (2004) Scale errors offer evidence for a perception-action dissociation early in life. Science 304, 1027–1029.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1 Chen H-T, Padilla WJ, Zide JMO, Gossard AC, Taylor AJ & Averitt RD (2006) Active terahertz metamaterial devices. Nature 444, 597–600.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 Zarowski CJ (2004) An Introduction to Numerical Analysis for Electrical and Computer Engineers John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
1 Jacko JA (ed.) (2009) Human-Computer Interaction. Novel Interaction Methods and Techniques: 13th International Conference, HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009, Proceedings, Part II Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1 Acciarri HA (2016) Enforcement Deflection and Innovation. In Law, Development and Innovation (Bellantuono G & Lara FT, eds), pp. 39–63. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The FEBS Journal.

Blog post
1 Andrew E (2015) Just 6% Of Americans Got All Of These Basic Science Questions Right. How Well Will You Do? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office (1971) Influence Of Public Affairs Organizations On Information And Advertising Programs U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 Wyers ML (2015) An Investigation of Teacher Understanding and Perceptions of the Effectiveness of the Use of Learning Targets in the Classroom. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 Kerry J (2017) What We Got Right. New York Times, A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe FEBS Journal
AbbreviationFEBS J.
ISSN (print)1742-464X
ISSN (online)1742-4658
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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