How to format your references using the The FEBS Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The FEBS Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 de Vries S (2015) Plant science: Precision positioning with peptides. Nature 522, 424–425.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 Huberman AD & El-Danaf RN (2015) Blindness: Assassins of eyesight. Nature 527, 456–457.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 Rybczynski N, Dawson MR & Tedford RH (2009) A semi-aquatic Arctic mammalian carnivore from the Miocene epoch and origin of Pinnipedia. Nature 458, 1021–1024.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1 Liu T, Guo P, Zhou Y, Wang J, Chen L, Yang H, Qian X & Yang Q (2014) A crystal structure-guided rational design switching non-carbohydrate inhibitors’ specificity between two β-GlcNAcase homologs. Sci. Rep. 4, 6188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 Perez A (2013) Voice Over LTE John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
1 Haan J & Berger H (eds.) (2010) The European Central Bank at Ten Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
1 Gunn C (2015) Online Assessment and Learner Motivation in the Twenty-First Century. In Motivation, Leadership and Curriculum design: Engaging the Net Generation and 21st Century Learners (Koh C, ed), pp. 53–62. Springer, Singapore.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The FEBS Journal.

Blog post
1 Andrew E (2014) Scientists Discover Effective Strategy To Switch Off Autoimmunity. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office (1968) Opportunity For Savings By Consolidating Photographic Operations At The John F. Kennedy Space Center And The Air Force Eastern Test Range U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 Ren W (2013) The Portrayal of Risk-taking Behaviors in Traffic on the Prime-time Television Series. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 Gustines GG (2015) Giving Archie a Makeover at 74. New York Times, AR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe FEBS Journal
AbbreviationFEBS J.
ISSN (print)1742-464X
ISSN (online)1742-4658
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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