How to format your references using the The FEBS Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The FEBS Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 Hede K (2013) Emergency medicine: The need for speed. Nature 503, S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 Wolf F & Kirchhoff F (2008) Neuroscience. Imaging astrocyte activity. Science 320, 1597–1599.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 Taniguchi H, Lu J & Huang ZJ (2013) The spatial and temporal origin of chandelier cells in mouse neocortex. Science 339, 70–74.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1 Shao F, Golstein C, Ade J, Stoutemyer M, Dixon JE & Innes RW (2003) Cleavage of Arabidopsis PBS1 by a bacterial type III effector. Science 301, 1230–1233.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 Alsop A (2013) Continuing Professional Development in Health and Social Care John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
1 Chudnovsky D & Chudnovsky G (eds.) (2010) Additive Number Theory: Festschrift In Honor of the Sixtieth Birthday of Melvyn B. Nathanson, 1st ed. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
1 Han P, Yang J, Shang C & Chang C-P (2016) Chromatin Remodeling in Heart Failure. In Epigenetics in Cardiac Disease (Backs J & McKinsey TA, eds), pp. 103–124. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The FEBS Journal.

Blog post
1 Davis J (2015) Why Are Some People Left-Handed? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office (2003) Highway Safety: Factors Contributing to Traffic Crashes and NHTSA’s Efforts to Address Them U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 Blumenfeld DB (2015) Policy Making and the U.S. Response to Global HIV/AIDS. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 Apuzzo M, Goldman A & Mazzetti M (2017) F.B.I. Warned G.O.P. Congressman Russian Spies Were Recruiting Him. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe FEBS Journal
AbbreviationFEBS J.
ISSN (print)1742-464X
ISSN (online)1742-4658
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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