How to format your references using the The FEBS Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The FEBS Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1 Miller KD (2010) Neuroscience. π = visual cortex. Science 330, 1059–1060.
A journal article with 2 authors
1 Linkerhand M & Gros C (2013) Generating functionals for autonomous latching dynamics in attractor relict networks. Sci Rep 3, 2042.
A journal article with 3 authors
1 Lehmann S, Jackson AD & Lautrup BE (2006) Measures for measures. Nature 444, 1003–1004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1 Salmon PS, Martin RA, Mason PE & Cuello GJ (2005) Topological versus chemical ordering in network glasses at intermediate and extended length scales. Nature 435, 75–78.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1 Higgs J & Titchen A (2008) Professional Practice in Health, Education and the Creative Arts Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
1 Almeida JP, Oliveira JF & Pinto AA (eds.) (2015) Operational Research: IO 2013 - XVI Congress of APDIO, Bragança, Portugal, June 3-5, 2013 Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
1 Krötzsch M (2012) OWL 2 Profiles: An Introduction to Lightweight Ontology Languages. In Reasoning Web. Semantic Technologies for Advanced Query Answering: 8th International Summer School 2012, Vienna, Austria, September 3-8, 2012. Proceedings (Eiter T & Krennwallner T, eds), pp. 112–183. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The FEBS Journal.

Blog post
1 Andrew E (2015) Shrinking Of Antarctic Ice Shelves Is Accelerating. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1 Government Accountability Office (1986) ADP, IRM & Telecommunications, 1985 U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1 Robinson EA (2012) Exploring the Barriers to Online-Business Profitability for Small Business. .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1 Saslow L (2006) New Setting for Double-Diamond Cottage. New York Times, 14LI3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe FEBS Journal
AbbreviationFEBS J.
ISSN (print)1742-464X
ISSN (online)1742-4658
Cell Biology
Molecular Biology

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