How to format your references using the Cytokine and Growth Factor Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cytokine and Growth Factor Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Heritage, Plant sciences. Will GM rapeseed cut the mustard?, Science. 302 (2003) 401–403.
A journal article with 2 authors
O. Pauluis, J. Dias, Satellite estimates of precipitation-induced dissipation in the atmosphere, Science. 335 (2012) 953–956.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.A. Legramandi, B. Schepens, G.A. Cavagna, Running humans attain optimal elastic bounce in their teens, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1310.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Ito, Z. Yang, T. Andl, C. Cui, N. Kim, S.E. Millar, G. Cotsarelis, Wnt-dependent de novo hair follicle regeneration in adult mouse skin after wounding, Nature. 447 (2007) 316–320.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Wilmott, D. Orrell, The Money Formula, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2017.
An edited book
R.E. Just, J.M. Alston, D. Zilberman, eds., Regulating Agricultural Biotechnology: Economics and Policy, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
K.W.D. Ledingham, A vision for laser induced particle acceleration and applications, in: Z. Błaszczak, B. Markov, K. Marinova (Eds.), LASER 2006: Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Application of Lasers in Atomic Nuclei Research “Nuclear Ground and Isometric State Properties” (LASER 2006) Held in Poznán, Poland, 29 May–1 June 2006, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 69–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cytokine and Growth Factor Reviews.

Blog post
J. Fang, Researchers Achieve Record-Smashing Wireless Connection Speeds, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Farmers Home Administration: Half-Billion Dollar ADP Modernization Lacks Adequate Planning and Oversight, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.L. Anderson, Ninth grade transition: Best practices for a successful transition to high school, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
D.W. Dunlap, S.C. Beachy, Seeking the Final Faces to Fill a Sept. 11 Tapestry, New York Times. (2016) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCytokine and Growth Factor Reviews
AbbreviationCytokine Growth Factor Rev.
ISSN (print)1359-6101
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles