How to format your references using the Cytokine and Growth Factor Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cytokine and Growth Factor Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P.L. Dutton, Retrospective. Britton Chance (1913-2010), Science. 330 (2010) 1641.
A journal article with 2 authors
Y. Xiong, T.A. Steitz, Mechanism of transfer RNA maturation by CCA-adding enzyme without using an oligonucleotide template, Nature. 430 (2004) 640–645.
A journal article with 3 authors
P.J. Westfall, D.R. Ballon, J. Thorner, When the stress of your environment makes you go HOG wild, Science. 306 (2004) 1511–1512.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Fontana, T. Deppe, A.K. Boyd, M. Rinzan, A.Y. Liu, M. Paranjape, P. Barbara, Electron-hole transport and photovoltaic effect in gated MoS2 Schottky junctions, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1634.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Geng, Data Center Handbook, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
J.L. Butler, Transducers and Arrays for Underwater Sound, 2nd ed. 2016, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
E. Balsa-Canto, J.R. Banga, Computational Procedures for Model Identification, in: S. Choi (Ed.), Systems Biology for Signaling Networks, Springer, New York, NY, 2010: pp. 111–137.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cytokine and Growth Factor Reviews.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Spider Versus Snake, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, High Speed Passenger Rail: Effectively Using Recovery Act Funds for High Speed Rail Projects, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Henderson, The effect of Interactive Metronome training on sports confidence and putting performance, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Koblin, M.M. Grynbaum, Kelly May Get Morning Slot, Shaking Up ‘Today,’ New York Times. (2017) B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCytokine and Growth Factor Reviews
AbbreviationCytokine Growth Factor Rev.
ISSN (print)1359-6101
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles