How to format your references using the Acta Amazonica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Amazonica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. 2000. Physicists haunted by hints of Higgs boson. Nature 407: 118.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watmough, S.A.; Dillon, P.J. 2003. Mycorrhizal weathering in base-poor forests. Nature 423: 823–824; discussion 824.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richards, M.P.; Schulting, R.J.; Hedges, R.E.M. 2003. Archaeology: sharp shift in diet at onset of Neolithic. Nature 425: 366.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Adger, W.N.; Hughes, T.P.; Folke, C.; Carpenter, S.R.; Rockström, J. 2005. Social-ecological resilience to coastal disasters. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309: 1036–1039.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Matthews, C. 1998. A Practical Guide to Engineering Failure Investigation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, .
An edited book
Bailey, D.L.; Townsend, D.W.; Valk, P.E.; Maisey, M.N. 2005. Positron Emission Tomography: Basic Sciences. In: Bailey, D.L.; Townsend, D.W.; Valk, P.E.; Maisey, M.N. (Eds.) Springer, London, X, 382 p. 237 illus., 27 illus. in colorp.
A chapter in an edited book
Hongfang, L.; Hao, Z. 2012. Study of Online Test and Fault Diagnosis Technology Based on ATmega128. In: Zhang, Y. (Ed.), Future Communication, Computing, Control and Management: Volume 2, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, p.29–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Amazonica.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015. Genes Connected to Autism Active During Fetal Development. IFLScience. ( Accessed on 30 Oct. 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2007. Highlights of a Forum: Transforming Transportation Policy for the 21st Century. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norman, C.L. 2015. Perceptions of non-traditional programs within Missouri school districts. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J.; Povoledo, E. 2017. E.U. Leaders Project Unity, Despite Concerns of Failure. New York Times: A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2000, Watmough and Dillon 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watmough and Dillon 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Adger et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Amazonica
ISSN (print)0044-5967
ISSN (online)1809-4392

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