How to format your references using the Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics (JCGS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ward, M. D. (2005), “Materials science. Snapshots of crystal growth,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 308, 1566–1567.
A journal article with 2 authors
Campbell, C. S., and Desai, A. (2013), “Tension sensing by Aurora B kinase is independent of survivin-based centromere localization,” Nature, 497, 118–121.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bordenstein, S. R., O’Hara, F. P., and Werren, J. H. (2001), “Wolbachia-induced incompatibility precedes other hybrid incompatibilities in Nasonia,” Nature, 409, 707–710.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, X., Xiao, L., Shan, X., and Guo, L. (2014), “Lattice Boltzmann simulation of shale gas transport in organic nano-pores,” Scientific reports, 4, 4843.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hampel, F. R., Ronchetti, E. M., Rousseeuw, P. J., and Stahel, W. A. (2005), Robust Statistics, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lo Re, G., and Midiri, M. (eds.) (2016), Crohn’s Disease: Radiological Features and Clinical-Surgical Correlations, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Sakurai, Y., Ueda, S., Iwasaki, A., Minato, S.-I., and Yokoo, M. (2011), “A Compact Representation Scheme of Coalitional Games Based on Multi-Terminal Zero-Suppressed Binary Decision Diagrams,” in Agents in Principle, Agents in Practice: 14th International Conference, PRIMA 2011, Wollongong, Australia, November 16-18, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, eds. D. Kinny, J. Y.-J. Hsu, G. Governatori, and A. K. Ghose, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 4–18.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015), “Finland’s School Eeforms Won’t Scrap Subjects Altogether,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1984), National Public Radio, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Milillo, M. S. (2009), “Analysis of emotional intelligence among management leaders and non-management leaders in software development,” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Widdicombe, B. (2017), “Humming Along With the Dead,” New York Times, ST1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ward 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Campbell and Desai 2013; Ward 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Campbell and Desai 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computational and Graphical Statistics
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Graph. Stat.
ISSN (print)1061-8600
ISSN (online)1537-2715
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
Statistics and Probability

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