How to format your references using the Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics (JCGS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Insel, T. R. (2010), “Rethinking schizophrenia,” Nature, 468, 187–193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mattaini, K. R., and Vander Heiden, M. G. (2012), “Cancer. Glycosylation to adapt to stress,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 337, 925–926.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, S.-H., Chen, W.-R., and Mallamace, F. (2003), “The glass-to-glass transition and its end point in a copolymer micellar system,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 300, 619–622.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cho, S. M., Kim, H. V., Lee, S., Kim, H. Y., Kim, W., Kim, T. S., Kim, D. J., and Kim, Y. (2014), “Correlations of amyloid-β concentrations between CSF and plasma in acute Alzheimer mouse model,” Scientific reports, 4, 6777.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaul, S., Ali, F., Janakiram, S., and Wattenström, B. (2008), Business Models for Sustainable Telecoms Growth in Developing Economies, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bandt, O. de, Knetsch, T., Peñalosa, J., and Zollino, F. (eds.) (2010), Housing Markets in Europe: A Macroeconomic Perspective, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sarcar, P., Basu, S., and Ghosh, A. (2015), “Broadband Rectangular Microstrip Patch Antennas for K and EHF Bands,” in Computational Advancement in Communication Circuits and Systems: Proceedings of ICCACCS 2014, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, eds. K. Maharatna, G. K. Dalapati, P. K. Banerjee, A. K. Mallick, and M. Mukherjee, New Delhi: Springer India, pp. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016), “Star-Shaped Polymers Developed That Can Kill Superbugs Without Antibiotics,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1995), Amtrak: Issues for Reauthorization, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alameddine, A. (2013), “Perceptions of executives from seven selected companies of the use of social media in marketing practices,” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. A. (2006), “New Audio Books Pack a Lot More Prose,” New York Times, TR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Insel 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Insel 2010; Mattaini and Vander Heiden 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mattaini and Vander Heiden 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Cho et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computational and Graphical Statistics
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Graph. Stat.
ISSN (print)1061-8600
ISSN (online)1537-2715
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
Statistics and Probability

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