How to format your references using the Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics (JCGS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cohen, J. (2015), “Means to an end. Cities, states, and provinces are gearing up to halt their AIDS epidemics—though the definition of success varies,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 349, 226–231.
A journal article with 2 authors
van den Heuvel, M. G. L., and Dekker, C. (2007), “Motor proteins at work for nanotechnology,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 317, 333–336.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rogers, J. A., Lagally, M. G., and Nuzzo, R. G. (2011), “Synthesis, assembly and applications of semiconductor nanomembranes,” Nature, 477, 45–53.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Parisi, M., Nuttall, R., Naiman, D., Bouffard, G., Malley, J., Andrews, J., Eastman, S., and Oliver, B. (2003), “Paucity of genes on the Drosophila X chromosome showing male-biased expression,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 299, 697–700.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hübschmann, H.-J. (2015), Handbook of GC-MS, Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Poler, R., Sinderen, M. van, and Sanchis, R. (eds.) (2009), Enterprise Interoperability: Second IFIP WG 5.8 International Workshop, IWEI 2009, Valencia, Spain, October 13-14, 2009. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Allen, T. C. (2012), “Lung Cancer Stem Cells,” in Molecular Pathology of Lung Cancer, Molecular Pathology Library, eds. P. T. Cagle, T. C. Allen, M. B. Beasley, L. R. Chirieac, S. Dacic, A. C. Borczuk, and K. M. Kerr, New York, NY: Springer, pp. 27–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014), “Largest Flying Bird Ever Had 6.4-Meter Wingspan,” IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013), National Airspace System: Airport-Centric Development, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Koester, A. (2017), “It All Started on a Lake,” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ortved, J. (2017), “In Brooklyn, a Hunt For the Perfect Fit,” New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cohen 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cohen 2015; van den Heuvel and Dekker 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van den Heuvel and Dekker 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Parisi et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Computational and Graphical Statistics
AbbreviationJ. Comput. Graph. Stat.
ISSN (print)1061-8600
ISSN (online)1537-2715
ScopeStatistics, Probability and Uncertainty
Discrete Mathematics and Combinatorics
Statistics and Probability

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