How to format your references using the Mathematische Zeitschrift citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematische Zeitschrift. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gross, D.J.: The frontier physicist. Nature. 467, S8 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Oncescu, V., Erickson, D.: High volumetric power density, non-enzymatic, glucose fuel cells. Sci. Rep. 3, 1226 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, W., Kinloch, I.A., Windle, A.H.: Nematic liquid crystallinity of multiwall carbon nanotubes. Science. 302, 1363 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sereno, P.C., Larsson, H.C., Sidor, C.A., Gado, B.: The giant crocodyliform Sarcosuchus from the Cretaceous of Africa. Science. 294, 1516–1519 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keedwell, E., Narayanan, A.: Intelligent Bioinformatics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
Lecca, P. ed: Biomechanics of Cells and Tissues: Experiments, Models and Simulations. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Räikkä, J.: Autonomy and Genetic Privacy. In: Launis, V. and Räikkä, J. (eds.) Genetic Democracy: Philosophical Perspectives. pp. 43–51. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematische Zeitschrift.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: The Formation Of The Himalayas May Have Destroyed An Entire Continent,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NASA Needs to Better Assess Contract Termination Liability Risks and Ensure Consistency in Its Practices. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2011)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts, D.M.: Resilience in Physically Maltreated Adolescents: Interpersonally Related Protective Factors and Gender Differences, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by: Arts Briefly; Film Museum Closes in Moscow, (2005)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematische Zeitschrift
AbbreviationMath. Z.
ISSN (print)0025-5874
ISSN (online)1432-1823
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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