How to format your references using the Mathematische Zeitschrift citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematische Zeitschrift. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: Brain storm. Nature. 450, 130–131 (2007)
A journal article with 2 authors
Enriquez, J., Gullans, S.: Olympics: Genetically enhanced Olympics are coming. Nature. 487, 297 (2012)
A journal article with 3 authors
Fabiańska, J., Kassier, G., Feurer, T.: Split ring resonator based THz-driven electron streak camera featuring femtosecond resolution. Sci. Rep. 4, 5645 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Martin, R.E., Marchetti, R.V., Cowan, A.I., Howitt, S.M., Bröer, S., Kirk, K.: Chloroquine transport via the malaria parasite’s chloroquine resistance transporter. Science. 325, 1680–1682 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Attwood, D., Baybutt, P., Devlin, C., Fluharty, W., Hughes, G., Isaacson, D., Joyner, P., Lee, E., Lorenzo, D., Morrison, L., Ormsby, B.: Human Factors Methods for Improving Performance in the Process Industries. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2006)
An edited book
Crowley, J.L., Draper, B.A., Thonnat, M. eds: Computer Vision Systems: 8th International Conference, ICVS 2011, Sophia Antipolis, France, September 20-22, 2011. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Saadat, M.: Challenges in the Assembly of Large Aerospace Components. In: Fathi, M., Holland, A., Ansari, F., and Weber, C. (eds.) Integrated Systems, Design and Technology 2010: Knowledge Transfer in New Technologies. pp. 37–46. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematische Zeitschrift.

Blog post
Carpineti, A.: Can Wormholes Fix A Major Problem With Black Holes?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Recovery Act: States’ Use of Highway Infrastructure Funds and Compliance with the Act’s Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pan, Y.: Long-Term Effects of Higher-Quality Early Childhood Education for At-Risk Children on Their Later Development and Resilience, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Park, L.S.: Origin of a Species, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematische Zeitschrift
AbbreviationMath. Z.
ISSN (print)0025-5874
ISSN (online)1432-1823
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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