How to format your references using the Mathematische Zeitschrift citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematische Zeitschrift. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schrag, D.P.: Storage of carbon dioxide in offshore sediments. Science. 325, 1658–1659 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Lafuerza, L.F., Toral, R.: On the effect of heterogeneity in stochastic interacting-particle systems. Sci. Rep. 3, 1189 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Turalska, M., West, B.J., Grigolini, P.: Role of committed minorities in times of crisis. Sci. Rep. 3, 1371 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Marimuthu, M.P.A., Jolivet, S., Ravi, M., Pereira, L., Davda, J.N., Cromer, L., Wang, L., Nogué, F., Chan, S.W.L., Siddiqi, I., Mercier, R.: Synthetic clonal reproduction through seeds. Science. 331, 876 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sanchez, A., Carro, B.: Digital Services in the 21st Century. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2017)
An edited book
Singh, A.D., Damato, B. eds: Clinical Ophthalmic Oncology: Basic Principles and Diagnostic Techniques. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Kitani, M., Hara, T., Hanada, H., Sawada, H.: A Talking Robot and Its Singing Performance by the Mimicry of Human Vocalization. In: Hippe, Z.S., Kulikowski, J.L., and Mroczek, T. (eds.) Human – Computer Systems Interaction: Backgrounds and Applications 2: Part 2. pp. 57–73. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematische Zeitschrift.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Monitoring Devices Could Be Turning Fish Into Easy Prey


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Social Security Administration: Additional Actions Needed in Ongoing Efforts to Improve 800-Number Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2005)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Talice, K.W.: An Assessment of Veterans Affairs Healthcare Leadership Competencies, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: When Loss Means Disappointment, Not Disaster, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematische Zeitschrift
AbbreviationMath. Z.
ISSN (print)0025-5874
ISSN (online)1432-1823
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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