How to format your references using the Mathematische Zeitschrift citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mathematische Zeitschrift. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brito, L.: Analyzing sustainable development goals. Science. 336, 1396 (2012)
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, A., Kanamarlapudi, V.: The regions within the N-terminus critical for human glucagon like peptide-1 receptor (hGLP-1R) cell surface expression. Sci. Rep. 4, 7410 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Yoder, B.L., Bisson, R., Beck, R.D.: Steric effects in the chemisorption of vibrationally excited methane on Ni(100). Science. 329, 553–556 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Simionescu, A., Allen, S.W., Mantz, A., Werner, N., Takei, Y., Morris, R.G., Fabian, A.C., Sanders, J.S., Nulsen, P.E.J., George, M.R., Taylor, G.B.: Baryons at the edge of the X-ray-brightest galaxy cluster. Science. 331, 1576–1579 (2011)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Wen, E., Ellis, R., S. Pujar, N.: Vaccine Development and Manufacturing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Sun, J.-Q., Luo, A.C.J. eds: Global Analysis of Nonlinear Dynamics. Springer, New York, NY (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Cantz, T., Sharma, A.D., Manns, M.P., Ott, M.: Liver. In: Steinhoff, G. (ed.) Regenerative Medicine - from Protocol to Patient: 5. Regenerative Therapies II. pp. 145–177. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mathematische Zeitschrift.

Blog post
Davis, J.: France To Ban Breeding Of Captive Orcas And Dolphins,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: GAO Work Related to ESEA of 1965. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1994)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baudy, A.R.: Efficacy of glucocorticoids in muscular dystrophy: Signaling, hormonal activities, and muscle inflammation, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Arvedlund, E.E., SOPHIA KISHKOVSKY; C.J. Chivers contributed reporting for this article: After a Spate of Bombings, Moscow’s Full of Foreboding, (2004)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMathematische Zeitschrift
AbbreviationMath. Z.
ISSN (print)0025-5874
ISSN (online)1432-1823
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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