How to format your references using the The European Journal of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenberg, Rebecca S. 2003. “Science and the Law. Patent Swords and Shields.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5609): 1018–1019.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dey, Snigdhadip, and Amitabh Joshi. 2013. “Effects of Constant Immigration on the Dynamics and Persistence of Stable and Unstable Drosophila Populations.” Scientific Reports 3: 1405.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tran, J., T. J. Brenner, and S. DiNardo. 2000. “Somatic Control over the Germline Stem Cell Lineage during Drosophila Spermatogenesis.” Nature 407 (6805): 754–757.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Oinuma, Izumi, Yukio Ishikawa, Hironori Katoh, and Manabu Negishi. 2004. “The Semaphorin 4D Receptor Plexin-B1 Is a GTPase Activating Protein for R-Ras.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 305 (5685): 862–865.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Orchin, Milton, Roger S. Macomber, Allan R. Pinhas, and R. Marshall Wilson. 2005. The Vocabulary and Concepts of Organic Chemistry. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hutton, Ronald, ed. 2016. Physical Evidence for Ritual Acts, Sorcery and Witchcraft in Christian Britain: A Feeling for Magic. Palgrave Historical Studies in Witchcraft and Magic. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Bykova, N. V., and A. U. Igamberdiev. 2016. “Redox State in Plant Mitochondria and Its Role in Stress Tolerance.” In Redox State as a Central Regulator of Plant-Cell Stress Responses, edited by Dharmendra K. Gupta, José M. Palma, and Francisco J. Corpas, 93–115. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Here’s What 1930s Fashion Designers Thought We’d Be Wearing In The Year 2000.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2011. Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends and Key Issues Affecting Federal Oversight and International Competitiveness. GAO-11-629T. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Satterlee, Richard T. 2009. “A Case Study of Undergraduate Student Employment at a Private University: Exploring the Effects of Social Class and Institutional Context.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Itzkoff, Dave, Matt Bai, Eric Spitznagel, John Hodgman, Hope Reeves, Samantha Henig, Jessica Gross, et al. 2012. “The One Page Magazine.” New York Times, August 26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Eisenberg 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Eisenberg 2003; Dey and Joshi 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dey and Joshi 2013)
  • Three authors: (Tran, Brenner, and DiNardo 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Oinuma et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Finance
AbbreviationEur. J. Fin.
ISSN (print)1351-847X
ISSN (online)1466-4364
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles