How to format your references using the The European Journal of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Urban, Knut W. 2008. “Studying Atomic Structures by Aberration-Corrected Transmission Electron Microscopy.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5888): 506–510.
A journal article with 2 authors
Morris, Simon Conway, and Jean-Bernard Caron. 2007. “Halwaxiids and the Early Evolution of the Lophotrochozoans.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 315 (5816): 1255–1258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pesaran, Bijan, Matthew J. Nelson, and Richard A. Andersen. 2008. “Free Choice Activates a Decision Circuit between Frontal and Parietal Cortex.” Nature 453 (7193): 406–409.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Van Gelder, Russell N., Erik D. Herzog, William J. Schwartz, and Paul H. Taghert. 2003. “Circadian Rhythms: In the Loop at Last.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 300 (5625): 1534–1535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Helvoort, Huub. 2005. Next Generation SDH/SONET. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Arora, Ritu, ed. 2016. Conquering Big Data with High Performance Computing. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kreimeyer, Matthias, and Udo Lindemann. 2011. “Modeling the Structure of Design Processes.” In Complexity Metrics in Engineering Design: Managing the Structure of Design Processes, edited by Udo Lindemann, 101–132. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Finance.

Blog post
Carpineti, Alfredo. 2016. “New Theory Of Gravity Tries To Explain Dark Matter.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1970. Expenditure of Federal Funds by Timberlane Regional High School District, New Hampshire. B-164031(1). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, Lihong. 2017. “Modeling, Estimation and Approximation in Structured Models.” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, Ben. 2017. “Songs Say What Words Can’t.” New York Times, March 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Urban 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Urban 2008; Morris and Caron 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Morris and Caron 2007)
  • Three authors: (Pesaran, Nelson, and Andersen 2008)
  • 4 or more authors: (Van Gelder et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Finance
AbbreviationEur. J. Fin.
ISSN (print)1351-847X
ISSN (online)1466-4364
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles