How to format your references using the The European Journal of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, Mary-Claire. 2011. “Genome-Sequencing Anniversary. A Healthy Son.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 331 (6020): 1026.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bowerman, Bruce, and Sean M. O’Rourke. 2012. “Development. Pushing Your Back into Place.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 336 (6084): 984–985.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, Michael T., John H. Dawson, and Harry B. Gray. 2004. “Oxoiron(IV) in Chloroperoxidase Compound II Is Basic: Implications for P450 Chemistry.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 304 (5677): 1653–1656.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Prokhorenko, Valentyn I., Andrea M. Nagy, Stephen A. Waschuk, Leonid S. Brown, Robert R. Birge, and R. J. Dwayne Miller. 2006. “Coherent Control of Retinal Isomerization in Bacteriorhodopsin.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5791): 1257–1261.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Groves, Eric. 2009. The Constant Contact Guide to Email Marketing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Latifi, Rifat, ed. 2013. Surgery of Complex Abdominal Wall Defects. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang, Jun, Xiaochuan Ma, Chaohuan Hou, and Zheng Yao. 2008. “A Static Multiprocessor Scheduling Algorithm for Arbitrary Directed Task Graphs in Uncertain Environments.” In Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 8th International Conference, ICA3PP 2008, Cyprus, June 9-11, 2008 Proceedings, edited by Anu G. Bourgeois and S. Q. Zheng, 18–29. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Finance.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, Jonathan. 2015. “Earth Used To Be Orange.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Illegal Alien Schoolchildren: Issues in Estimating State-by-State Costs. GAO-04-733. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pincolini, Rebecca. 2017. “Latchkey Girls.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clooney, George, John Prendergast, and Akshaya Kumar. 2015. “Sudan’s Rape of Darfur.” New York Times, February 25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (King 2011).
This sentence cites two references (King 2011; Bowerman and O’Rourke 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bowerman and O’Rourke 2012)
  • Three authors: (Green, Dawson, and Gray 2004)
  • 4 or more authors: (Prokhorenko et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Finance
AbbreviationEur. J. Fin.
ISSN (print)1351-847X
ISSN (online)1466-4364
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles