How to format your references using the The European Journal of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewin, R. A. 2001. “Why Rename Things?” Nature 410 (6829): 637.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stein, Seth, and Emile A. Okal. 2005. “Seismology: Speed and Size of the Sumatra Earthquake.” Nature 434 (7033): 581–582.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldwin, Mark P., Martin Dameris, and Theodore G. Shepherd. 2007. “Atmosphere. How Will the Stratosphere Affect Climate Change?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 316 (5831): 1576–1577.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Paz-Y-Miño C, Guillermo, Alan B. Bond, Alan C. Kamil, and Russell P. Balda. 2004. “Pinyon Jays Use Transitive Inference to Predict Social Dominance.” Nature 430 (7001): 778–781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Strachman, Daniel, and Richard Bookbinder. 2009. Fund of Funds Investing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Yung, Benny H. W., ed. 2006. Assessment Reform in Science: Fairness and Fear. Vol. 31. Science & Technology Education Library. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Canali, Stefano, and Gilberto Corbellini. 2006. “Clinical, Epidemiological, and Genetic Investigations on Thalassemia and Malaria in Italy.” In Malaria: Genetic and Evolutionary Aspects, edited by Paolo Arese, 55–80. Emerging Infectious Diseases of the 21st Century. Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Brain Network Linking Alzheimer’s And Schizophrenia Identified.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Federal Research: The SEMATECH Consortium’s Start-up Activities. RCED-90-37. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Douglas, Leah. 2014. “Thermogravimetric and Raman Investigations on the Mechanism of Decomposition of Lead Compounds on Tungsten Surfaces.” Doctoral dissertation, Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
MacFARQUHAR, Neil. 2015. “Chechen Links Nemtsov Killing to Charlie Hebdo Cartoons.” New York Times, March 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lewin 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Lewin 2001; Stein and Okal 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stein and Okal 2005)
  • Three authors: (Baldwin, Dameris, and Shepherd 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Paz-Y-Miño C et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Finance
AbbreviationEur. J. Fin.
ISSN (print)1351-847X
ISSN (online)1466-4364
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles