How to format your references using the The European Journal of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chan, M. H. W. 2008. “Supersolidity.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 319 (5867): 1207–1209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Belle, Mino D. C., and Hugh D. Piggins. 2012. “Physiology. Circadian Time Redoxed.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 337 (6096): 805–806.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nicoll, Roger A., Susumu Tomita, and David S. Bredt. 2006. “Auxiliary Subunits Assist AMPA-Type Glutamate Receptors.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5765): 1253–1256.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bozhevolnyi, Sergey I., Valentyn S. Volkov, Eloïse Devaux, Jean-Yves Laluet, and Thomas W. Ebbesen. 2006. “Channel Plasmon Subwavelength Waveguide Components Including Interferometers and Ring Resonators.” Nature 440 (7083): 508–511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bonnet, Pierre. 2013. Enterprise Data Governance. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Benson, Richard C. 2016. Site Characterization in Karst and Pseudokarst Terraines: Practical Strategies and Technology for Practicing Engineers, Hydrologists and Geologists. Edited by Lynn B. Yuhr. 1st ed. 2016. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Fehdi, C., I. Nouioua, D. Belfar, L. Djabri, and E. Salameh. 2014. “Detection of Underground Cavities by Combining Electrical Resistivity Imaging and Ground Penetrating Radar Surveys: A Case Study from Draa Douamis Area (North East of Algeria).” In H2Karst Research in Limestone Hydrogeology, edited by Jacques Mudry, François Zwahlen, Catherine Bertrand, and James W. LaMoreaux, 69–82. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Surprising Source of Stem Cells Found In Teeth.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2012. Bus Rapid Transit: Projects Improve Transit Service and Can Contribute to Economic Development. GAO-12-811. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fischer, David. 2012. “Psychology and People Living with Hiv/Aids: A Critical Review of the Literature.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, Linda. 2017. “On When They Met, and Those Vacancies.” New York Times, April 12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chan 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Chan 2008; Belle and Piggins 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Belle and Piggins 2012)
  • Three authors: (Nicoll, Tomita, and Bredt 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Bozhevolnyi et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Finance
AbbreviationEur. J. Fin.
ISSN (print)1351-847X
ISSN (online)1466-4364
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

Other styles