How to format your references using the The European Journal of Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The European Journal of Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Naldini, Luigi. 2015. “Gene Therapy Returns to Centre Stage.” Nature 526 (7573): 351–360.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanchez, Veronica, and Deborah H. Spector. 2002. “Virology. CMV Makes a Timely Exit.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 297 (5582): 778–779.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weeks, Scarla J., Bronwen Currie, and Andrew Bakun. 2002. “Massive Emissions of Toxic Gas in the Atlantic.” Nature 415 (6871): 493–494.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sheng, H. W., W. K. Luo, F. M. Alamgir, J. M. Bai, and E. Ma. 2006. “Atomic Packing and Short-to-Medium-Range Order in Metallic Glasses.” Nature 439 (7075): 419–425.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson, James L. 1997. Probability and Statistics for Computer Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Taylor, Ian J., and Andrew B. Harrison, eds. 2009. From P2P and Grids to Services on the Web: Evolving Distributed Communities. Computer Communications and Networks. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiang, Yong, Dezhong Peng, and Zuyuan Yang. 2015. “Dependent Component Analysis Using Precoding.” In Blind Source Separation: Dependent Component Analysis, edited by Dezhong Peng and Zuyuan Yang, 73–90. SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The European Journal of Finance.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Researchers Reverse Aging In Mice By Triggering Embryonic Genes.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1978. Establishment of a Central Focal Point for Telecommunications Matters. B-131935. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schenkelberg, Veronica. 2010. “Cultural Competence Training: A Grant Proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, Linda. 2009. “Riding the Oil Market, Calgary Builds Up.” New York Times, January 21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Naldini 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Naldini 2015; Sanchez and Spector 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sanchez and Spector 2002)
  • Three authors: (Weeks, Currie, and Bakun 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Sheng et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe European Journal of Finance
AbbreviationEur. J. Fin.
ISSN (print)1351-847X
ISSN (online)1466-4364
ScopeEconomics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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