How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Savage N. 2015. Electrochemistry: Liquid assets. Nature. 526:S98-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Domcke W, Sobolewski AL. 2003. Chemistry. Unraveling the molecular mechanisms of photoacidity. Science. 302:1693–1694.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reese C, Heise F, Mayer A. 2005. Trans-SNARE pairing can precede a hemifusion intermediate in intracellular membrane fusion. Nature. 436:410–414.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Schellart WP, Freeman J, Stegman DR, Moresi L, May D. 2007. Evolution and diversity of subduction zones controlled by slab width. Nature. 446:308–311.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dunlop J, Girma D, Irvine J. 2013. Digital Mobile Communications and the Tetra System. West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Rau PLP, editor. 2015. Cross-Cultural Design Methods, Practice and Impact: 7th International Conference, CCD 2015, Held as Part of HCI International 2015, Los Angeles, CA, USA, August 2-7, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Aldashev A. 2015. Convergence Across Regions in Kazakhstan. In: Mussida C, Pastore F, editors. Geographical Labor Market Imbalances: Recent Explanations and Cures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 107–118.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Sex Offending May Be In The Genes But Knowing That Won’t Prevent It. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. National Airspace System: Airport-Centric Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kingsley SJ. 2012. Preschool teachers’ perceptions of factors influencing their referral decisions for young children with severe behavior problems [Doctoral dissertation]. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt LF. 2006. Mutiny in the Harbor: One Ship Too Many. New York Times.:14LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Savage 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Domcke & Sobolewski 2003; Savage 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Domcke & Sobolewski 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Schellart et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment
AbbreviationChina Popul. Resour. Environ.
ISSN (print)1004-2857
ISSN (online)2325-4262
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)

Other styles