How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Halavais A. 2011. Social science: Open up online research. Nature. 480(7376):174–175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weiner S, Addadi L. 2002. Biomineralization. At the cutting edge. Science. 298(5592):375–376.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bento G, Ogawa A, Sommer RJ. 2010. Co-option of the hormone-signalling module dafachronic acid-DAF-12 in nematode evolution. Nature. 466(7305):494–497.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Pan Y, Xie YH, Deng ZM, Tang Y, Pan DD. 2014. High water level impedes the adaptation of Polygonum hydropiper to deep burial: responses of biomass allocation and root morphology. Sci Rep. 4:5612.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gilmore R, Lefranc M. 2011. The Topology of Chaos. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Chen C. 2016. Big Visual Data Analysis: Scene Classification and Geometric Labeling. 1st ed. 2016. Ren Y, Kuo C-CJ, editors. Singapore: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Yao X, Wu L, Zheng WX. 2016. Filtering of Markovian Jump 2-D Systems. In: Wu L, Zheng WX, editors. Filtering and Control of Stochastic Jump Hybrid Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 67–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2017. 1.85-Billion-Year-Old Meteorite Impact Triggered Massive Volcanic Eruptions. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2013. Education Research: Further Improvements Needed to Ensure Relevance and Assess Dissemination Efforts. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schoenecker KD. 2010. Determinants of life satisfaction: Generated and ranked by undergraduate college students [Doctoral dissertation]. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. 2016. Syndergaard Stumbles en Route to a Potential Wild-Card Start. New York Times.:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Halavais 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Weiner and Addadi 2002; Halavais 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weiner and Addadi 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Pan et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment
AbbreviationChina Popul. Resour. Environ.
ISSN (print)1004-2857
ISSN (online)2325-4262
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)

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