How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lodge TP. 2008. Materials science. A unique platform for materials design. Science. 321(5885):50–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yoo BC, Lubec G. 2001. p25 protein in neurodegeneration. Nature. 411(6839):763–4; discussion 764-5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanaka Y, Okada Y, Hirokawa N. 2005. FGF-induced vesicular release of Sonic hedgehog and retinoic acid in leftward nodal flow is critical for left-right determination. Nature. 435(7039):172–177.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Lou K, Qian S-X, Ren Z-C, Tu C, Li Y, Wang H-T. 2013. Femtosecond laser processing by using patterned vector optical fields. Sci Rep. 3:2281.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pérez Fontán F, Mariño Espiñeira P. 2008. Modeling the Wireless Propagation Channel. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Swartz DL, Zolberg VL, editors. 2005. After Bourdieu: Influence, Critique, Elaboration. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Othieno H, Awange J. 2016. Energy Resources in Northern Africa. In: Awange J, editor. Energy Resources in Africa: Distribution, Opportunities and Challenges. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 193–222.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment.

Blog post
Fang J. 2015. Early East Asians Mixed With Neanderthals More Than Once. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. The Stafford Student Loan Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luvani KD. 2017. AIRtouch: An Intelligent Virtual Keyboard [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. 2017. Ex-Fox Hosts Engage in Feud On Settlement. New York Times.:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lodge 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Yoo & Lubec 2001; Lodge 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yoo & Lubec 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Lou et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment
AbbreviationChina Popul. Resour. Environ.
ISSN (print)1004-2857
ISSN (online)2325-4262
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)

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