How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon K. 2014. Drug discovery: Leaving no stone unturned. Nature. 509(7498):S10-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grüter T, Carbon C-C. 2010. Neuroscience. Escaping attention. Science. 328(5977):435–436.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van Valkenburgh B, Wang X, Damuth J. 2004. Cope’s rule, hypercarnivory, and extinction in North American canids. Science. 306(5693):101–104.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Pah AR, Guimerà R, Mustoe AM, Amaral LAN. 2013. Use of a global metabolic network to curate organismal metabolic networks. Sci Rep. 3:1695.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Panek W, Wentworth T. 2010. Mastering Microsoft® Windows® 7 Administration. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Bordogna G, Psaila G, editors. 2006. Flexible Databases Supporting Imprecision and Uncertainty. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhu R, Janczewski L. 2016. A Proposed Framework for Examining Information Systems Security Research: A Multilevel Perspective. In: Vogel D, Guo X, Linger H, Barry C, Lang M, Schneider C, editors. Transforming Healthcare Through Information Systems: Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Information Systems Development. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 49–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment.

Blog post
Hamilton K. 2016. Gene-Editing Breakthrough Partially Restores Sight To Blind Rats. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. Better Management Controls and ADP Requirements Analysis Can Help NASA Lewis Research Center. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joseph FB. 2017. Adsorption and Transformation of Selenium from Elemental Selenium Nanoparticles by Pseudomonas fuscovaginae [Doctoral dissertation]. Edwardsville, IL: Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 2007. Southampton Sets Aside Spot for Day Laborers. New York Times.:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gammon 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Grüter and Carbon 2010; Gammon 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grüter and Carbon 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Pah et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment
AbbreviationChina Popul. Resour. Environ.
ISSN (print)1004-2857
ISSN (online)2325-4262
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)

Other styles