How to format your references using the Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
White TD. 2007. Obituary: F. Clark Howell (1925-2007). Nature. 447(7140):52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Göpfert MC, Robert D. 2001. Biomechanics. Turning the key on Drosophila audition. Nature. 411(6840):908.
A journal article with 3 authors
Furey ML, Pietrini P, Haxby JV. 2000. Cholinergic enhancement and increased selectivity of perceptual processing during working memory. Science. 290(5500):2315–2319.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Hinchcliffe EH, Miller FJ, Cham M, Khodjakov A, Sluder G. 2001. Requirement of a centrosomal activity for cell cycle progression through G1 into S phase. Science. 291(5508):1547–1550.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kassapoglou C. 2015. Modeling the Effect of Damage in Composite Structures. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Peters JF, Skowron A, editors. 2005. Transactions on Rough Sets III. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Everett LL, Fuzaylov G. 2008. Pediatric clinical challenges. In: Twersky RS, Philip BK, editors. Handbook of Ambulatory Anesthesia. New York, NY: Springer; p. 96–114.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2016. AI Learns Nobel-Winning Experiment In An Hour ... And Then Improves It. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1995. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Banerjee S. 2013. A mathematical model for the transition in firing patterns across puberty of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuron [Doctoral dissertation]. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. 2017. ‘Walking Dead’ Producers Sue Its Network. New York Times.:B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (White 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Göpfert and Robert 2001; White 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Göpfert and Robert 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Hinchcliffe et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleChinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment
AbbreviationChina Popul. Resour. Environ.
ISSN (print)1004-2857
ISSN (online)2325-4262
ScopeEnvironmental Science (miscellaneous)

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