How to format your references using the Annual Review of Political Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Political Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Torres-Reveron A. 2009. Hispanic people start leaping over barriers to better jobs. Nature. 460(7258):949
A journal article with 2 authors
Azam F, Worden AZ. 2004. Oceanography. Microbes, molecules, and marine ecosystems. Science. 303(5664):1622–24
A journal article with 3 authors
Rupar PA, Staroverov VN, Baines KM. 2008. A cryptand-encapsulated germanium(II) dication. Science. 322(5906):1360–63
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brar GA, Kiburz BM, Zhang Y, Kim J-E, White F, Amon A. 2006. Rec8 phosphorylation and recombination promote the step-wise loss of cohesins in meiosis. Nature. 441(7092):532–36

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rahman ROA, Rakhimov RZ, Rakhimova NR, Ojovan MI. 2014. Cementitious Materials for Nuclear Waste Immobilization. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Alegre Pérez JP. 2011. Automatic Gain Control: Techniques and Architectures for RF Receivers. New York, NY: Springer
A chapter in an edited book
Stoller SD. 2015. An Administrative Model for Relationship-Based Access Control. In Data and Applications Security and Privacy XXIX: 29th Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference, DBSec 2015, Fairfax, VA, USA, July 13-15, 2015, Proceedings, ed. P Samarati, pp. 53–68. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Political Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. 170-Million-Year-Old Fossil Of Previously Unknown Marine Reptile Found In Scotland. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. District of Columbia Draft Emergency Supplemental Funding Request for District of Columbia Public Schools. HEHS-97-116R, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rholdon CM. 2012. Analyzing Leadership Practices of Enrollment Management at Fletcher Technical Community College. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Northcentral University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. 1993. PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD. New York Times, Nov. 28, , p. 1318

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Torres-Reveron 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Azam & Worden 2004; Torres-Reveron 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Azam & Worden 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Brar et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Political Science
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Polit. Sci. (Palo Alto)
ISSN (print)1094-2939
ISSN (online)1545-1577
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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