How to format your references using the Annual Review of Political Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Political Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cuntz M. 2011. Carbon cycle: a dent in carbon’s gold standard. Nature. 477(7366):547–48
A journal article with 2 authors
Settele J, Kühn E. 2009. Ecology. Insect conservation. Science. 325(5936):41–42
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakakura A, Ukai A, Ishihara K. 2007. Enantioselective halocyclization of polyprenoids induced by nucleophilic phosphoramidites. Nature. 445(7130):900–903
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Demokritov SO, Demidov VE, Dzyapko O, Melkov GA, Serga AA, et al. 2006. Bose-Einstein condensation of quasi-equilibrium magnons at room temperature under pumping. Nature. 443(7110):430–33

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Millon T, Grossman S. 2007. Moderating Severe Personality Disorders. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Tüselmann H, Buzdugan S, Cao Q, Freund D, Golesorkhi S, eds. 2016. Impact of International Business: Challenges and Solutions for Policy and Practice. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK
A chapter in an edited book
Onyimadu O, Nakata K, Wilson T, Macken D, Liu K. 2014. Towards Sentiment Analysis on Parliamentary Debates in Hansard. In Semantic Technology: Third Joint International Conference, JIST 2013, Seoul, South Korea, November 28--30, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, eds. W Kim, Y Ding, H-G Kim, pp. 48–50. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Political Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Spectacular New Hubble Image Of The Universe. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. Software Licenses: DOD’s Plan to Collect Inventory Data Meets Statutory Requirements. GAO-14-625, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Voma SK. 2017. Design of Power Management Circuit for Energy Harvesting Applications. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Van Gelder SKC by L. 2005. Arts, Briefly; Coppola and Putin Meet. New York Times, Feb. 1, , p. E2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cuntz 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Cuntz 2011; Settele & Kühn 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Settele & Kühn 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Demokritov et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Political Science
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Polit. Sci. (Palo Alto)
ISSN (print)1094-2939
ISSN (online)1545-1577
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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