How to format your references using the Annual Review of Political Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Political Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Haslam M. 2014. Evolutionary biology: Dating chimpanzees. Nature. 508(7496):322–23
A journal article with 2 authors
Wiessner P, Pupu N. 2012. Toward peace: foreign arms and indigenous institutions in a Papua New Guinea society. Science. 337(6102):1651–54
A journal article with 3 authors
Cacciuto A, Auer S, Frenkel D. 2004. Onset of heterogeneous crystal nucleation in colloidal suspensions. Nature. 428(6981):404–6
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cordier P, Ungár T, Zsoldos L, Tichy G. 2004. Dislocation creep in MgSiO3 perovskite at conditions of the Earth’s uppermost lower mantle. Nature. 428(6985):837–40

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dauphiné A. 2012. Fractal Geography. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc
An edited book
Telman DAJ, ed. 2016. Hans Kelsen in America - Selective Affinities and the Mysteries of Academic Influence, Vol. 116. Cham: Springer International Publishing
A chapter in an edited book
Nikolaou IE, Evangelinos KI. 2013. A Framework for Evaluating the Social Responsibility Quality of Reverse Logistics. In Quality Management in Reverse Logistics: A Broad Look on Quality Issues and Their Interaction with Closed-Loop Supply Chains, ed. Y Nikolaidis, pp. 53–72. London: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Political Science.

Blog post
Fang J. 2015. Stink Bug Moms Choose the Color of Their Eggs. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2009. Intellectual Property: Enhancements to Coordinating U.S. Enforcement Efforts. GAO-10-219T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez K. 2009. Personal narrative: The struggles and limitations of immigration experienced by an El Salvadorian refugee. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. 2013. Embracing Change, Quietly. New York Times, Sep. 5, , p. E11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Haslam 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Haslam 2014; Wiessner & Pupu 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wiessner & Pupu 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Cordier et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Political Science
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Polit. Sci. (Palo Alto)
ISSN (print)1094-2939
ISSN (online)1545-1577
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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