How to format your references using the Annual Review of Political Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Political Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook DJ. 2012. Computer science. How smart is your home? Science. 335(6076):1579–81
A journal article with 2 authors
Brunauer R, Kennedy BK. 2015. Medicine. Progeria accelerates adult stem cell aging. Science. 348(6239):1093–94
A journal article with 3 authors
Royo-Torres R, Cobos A, Alcalá L. 2006. A giant European dinosaur and a new sauropod clade. Science. 314(5807):1925–27
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kumar KA, Sano G-I, Boscardin S, Nussenzweig RS, Nussenzweig MC, et al. 2006. The circumsporozoite protein is an immunodominant protective antigen in irradiated sporozoites. Nature. 444(7121):937–40

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garg VK. 2005. Concurrent and Distributed Computing in Java. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kawanabe H, Nishino M, Maehata M, eds. 2012. Lake Biwa: Interactions between Nature and People. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands
A chapter in an edited book
Heinz S, Friedman S, Churazov E. 2015. Vortex Generation by Shock-Bubble Interaction in Galaxy Clusters. In 29th International Symposium on Shock Waves 1: Volume 1, eds. R Bonazza, D Ranjan, pp. 35–42. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Political Science.

Blog post
Taub B. 2016. Researchers Can Now Implant False Memories Into People’s Brains. IFLScience


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Collection Efforts Not Keeping Pace With Growing Number of Defaulted Student Loans. CD-77-1, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manners AT. 2008. Influence of transformational, autocratic, democratic, and laissez -faire leadership principles on the effectiveness of religious leaders. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. 2011. Choir Festival to Celebrate St. Basil’s 450 Years. New York Times, Oct. 9, , p. TR2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cook 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Brunauer & Kennedy 2015; Cook 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brunauer & Kennedy 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kumar et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Political Science
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Polit. Sci. (Palo Alto)
ISSN (print)1094-2939
ISSN (online)1545-1577
ScopeSociology and Political Science

Other styles