How to format your references using the Annual Review of Political Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Political Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berjak P. 2005. Global voices of science. Protector of the seeds: seminal reflections from southern Africa. Science. 307(5706):47–49
A journal article with 2 authors
Hidalgo C, Donoso P. 2011. Cell signaling. Getting to the heart of mechanotransduction. Science. 333(6048):1388–90
A journal article with 3 authors
Imaizumi K, Shih JY, Farris HE. 2013. Global hyper-synchronous spontaneous activity in the developing optic tectum. Sci. Rep. 3:1552
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Fernández MA, Albor C, Ingelmo-Torres M, Nixon SJ, Ferguson C, et al. 2006. Caveolin-1 is essential for liver regeneration. Science. 313(5793):1628–32

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schorn C, Taylor B. 2004. NMR Spectroscopy: Data Acquisition. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
An edited book
Herrling PL, Matter A, Rudin M, eds. 2005. Imaging in Drug Discovery and Early Clinical Trials, Vol. 62. Basel: Birkhäuser
A chapter in an edited book
Carroll JE. 2016. The Environment is a Moral and Spiritual Issue. In Spirituality and Sustainability: New Horizons and Exemplary Approaches, eds. S Dhiman, J Marques, pp. 49–71. Cham: Springer International Publishing

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Political Science.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. How To Reach Zero Net Greenhouse Gas Emissions In Three Steps. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006. Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs to Take More Action to Address Unrealistic Initial Cost Estimates of Space Systems. GAO-07-96, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Belknap BM. 2012. Fostering Resilience in Beginning Special Education Teachers. Doctoral dissertation thesis. George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mcgraw G. 2016. Water, Water Nowhere. New York Times, Oct. 20, , p. A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Berjak 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Berjak 2005; Hidalgo & Donoso 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hidalgo & Donoso 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Fernández et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Political Science
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Polit. Sci. (Palo Alto)
ISSN (print)1094-2939
ISSN (online)1545-1577
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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