How to format your references using the The Electricity Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Electricity Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coyne, J.A., 2006. Comment on “Gene regulatory networks and the evolution of animal body plans.” Science 313, 761; author reply 761.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ganachaud, A., Wunsch, C., 2000. Improved estimates of global ocean circulation, heat transport and mixing from hydrographic data. Nature 408, 453–457.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holland, G., Cassidy, M., Ballentine, C.J., 2009. Meteorite Kr in Earth’s mantle suggests a late accretionary source for the atmosphere. Science 326, 1522–1525.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Correa, L.A., Palao, J.P., Alonso, D., Adesso, G., 2014. Quantum-enhanced absorption refrigerators. Sci. Rep. 4, 3949.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Orford, J., 2012. Addiction Dilemmas. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dietz, H.P., 2008. Atlas of Pelvic Floor Ultrasound. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Lang, A., Dittmann, J., Kiltz, S., Hoppe, T., 2007. Future Perspectives: The Car and Its IP-Address – A Potential Safety and Security Risk Assessment, in: Saglietti, F., Oster, N. (Eds.), Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security: 26th International Conference, SAFECOMP 2007, Nuremberg, Germany, September 18-21, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 40–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Electricity Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Active Volcano On Reunion Island Erupts For Third Time In 2015 [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Land Management Systems: Progress and Risks in Developing BLM’s Land and Mineral Record System (No. AIMD-95-180). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magner, K.A., 2010. Evaluation of admissions criteria and practices with regards to successful online learning styles and characteristics (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. The Skyjacker’s Tale. New York Times C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coyne, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Coyne, 2006; Ganachaud and Wunsch, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ganachaud and Wunsch, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Correa et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Electricity Journal
AbbreviationElectr. J.
ISSN (print)1040-6190
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Energy (miscellaneous)

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