How to format your references using the The Electricity Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Electricity Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N., 2000. Case of the stolen Enigma machine takes cryptic turn. Nature 407, 278.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shohat, S., Shifman, S., 2014. Bias towards large genes in autism. Nature 512, E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kiger, A.A., White-Cooper, H., Fuller, M.T., 2000. Somatic support cells restrict germline stem cell self-renewal and promote differentiation. Nature 407, 750–754.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brebner, K., Wong, T.P., Liu, L., Liu, Y., Campsall, P., Gray, S., Phelps, L., Phillips, A.G., Wang, Y.T., 2005. Nucleus accumbens long-term depression and the expression of behavioral sensitization. Science 310, 1340–1343.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ng, K.K., 2009. Complete Guide to Semiconductor Devices. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vaseashta, A., Khudaverdyan, S. (Eds.), 2013. Advanced Sensors for Safety and Security, NATO Science for Peace and Security Series B: Physics and Biophysics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Laird, S., Lawson, D., Jensen, H.J., 2008. The Tangled Nature Model of Evolutionary Ecology: An Overview, in: Deutsch, A., Parra, R.B. de la, Boer, R.J. de, Diekmann, O., Jagers, P., Kisdi, E., Kretzschmar, M., Lansky, P., Metz, H. (Eds.), Mathematical Modeling of Biological Systems, Volume II: Epidemiology, Evolution and Ecology,Immunology, Neural Systems and the Brain, and Innovative Mathematical Methods. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA, pp. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Electricity Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Burning All Remaining Fossil Fuels Could Raise Sea Levels 60 Meters [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Strengthen Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems (No. GAO-09-413T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfe, C.J., 2012. Dimensions of Purchasing Social Responsibility in Sustainable Supply Chain Organizations (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2006. Court Explores Complexities In Job Discrimination Case. New York Times A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loder, 2000; Shohat and Shifman, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shohat and Shifman, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Brebner et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Electricity Journal
AbbreviationElectr. J.
ISSN (print)1040-6190
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Energy (miscellaneous)

Other styles