How to format your references using the The Electricity Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Electricity Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lerner, L.S., 2000. Good and bad science in US schools. Nature 407, 287–290.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wen, L., Tang, F., 2015. Computational biology: How to catch rare cell types. Nature 525, 197–198.
A journal article with 3 authors
Peirce, V., Carobbio, S., Vidal-Puig, A., 2014. The different shades of fat. Nature 510, 76–83.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ramanathan, V., Ramana, M.V., Roberts, G., Kim, D., Corrigan, C., Chung, C., Winker, D., 2007. Warming trends in Asia amplified by brown cloud solar absorption. Nature 448, 575–578.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens, H., 2012. Building Physics - Heat, Air and Moisture. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
Mulser, P., 2010. High Power Laser-Matter Interaction, Springer Tracts in Modern Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cervantes, L., Castillo, O., 2016. Simulation Results, in: Castillo, O. (Ed.), Hierarchical Type-2 Fuzzy Aggregation of Fuzzy Controllers, SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 21–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Electricity Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. The Pressure’s On To Save Our Rarest Primate [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Progress and Challenges Associated with the Transformation of the National Airspace System (No. GAO-07-25). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuang, S.-Y.H., 2010. “And the War Came”: A memorial to devastated lives (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
THEODORE HERMANBONNIE BURKEDANIEL ROTHFRANKLIN L. TOWBERMARK ARONOFFKATHLEEN KELLY(Prof.) HOWARD A. SCARROWSTEPHEN JOEL TRACHTENBERG, 1980. Letters; America’s Burden in the Afghanistan Crisis Impotence in the Face of Soviet Aggression Let Russian Commerce Have an Ice-Free Port Set for San Juan Hill? The Sounds Of Mandarin Sex and the Monarchy A Single-Issue Party’s Clout Errant Philanthropy. New York Times The Week In ReviewE20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clery, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kidd, 2009; Orbach, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wen and Tang, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Stratford et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Electricity Journal
AbbreviationElectr. J.
ISSN (print)1040-6190
ScopeBusiness and International Management
Management of Technology and Innovation
Energy (miscellaneous)

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