How to format your references using the Future Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Future Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rawlins EL. Stem cells: Emergency back-up for lung repair. Nature. 517(7536), 556–557 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Smith SA, Donoghue MJ. Rates of molecular evolution are linked to life history in flowering plants. Science. 322(5898), 86–89 (2008).
A journal article with 3 authors
González MC, Hidalgo CA, Barabási A-L. Understanding individual human mobility patterns. Nature. 453(7196), 779–782 (2008).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Cruz-Monserrate Z, Roland CL, Deng D, et al. Targeting pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma acidic microenvironment. Sci. Rep. 4, 4410 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sexton D. Trump University Branding 101. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ncube M. Global Growth and Financial Spillovers and the South African Macro-economy. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Smith BJ. Weathering Processes and Forms. In: Geomorphology of Desert Environments. Parsons AJ, Abrahams AD (Eds.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 69–100 (2009).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Future Cardiology.

Blog post
Davis J. Diabetes Cases In The U.K. Up 60% In The Last Decade. IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Surface Transportation Programs: Proposals Highlight Key Issues and Challenges in Restructuring the Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Blandin NM. Re-conceptualizing leadership for an era of complexity and uncertainty: A case study of leadership in a complex adaptive system. (2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. College Athletes Move Concussions Into the Courtroom. New York Times, B14 (2011).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFuture Cardiology
AbbreviationFuture Cardiol.
ISSN (print)1479-6678
ISSN (online)1744-8298
ScopeMolecular Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Other styles