How to format your references using the Archives of Dermatological Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Dermatological Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Harberd NP (2003) Botany. Relieving DELLA restraint. Science 299:1853–1854
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Williamson CE, Rose KC (2010) Environmental science. When UV meets fresh water. Science 329:637–639
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Riolo RL, Cohen MD, Axelrod R (2001) Evolution of cooperation without reciprocity. Nature 414:441–443
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Donley EA, Claussen NR, Cornish SL, et al (2001) Dynamics of collapsing and exploding Bose-Einstein condensates. Nature 412:295–299

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Burnett R, Brunstrom A, Nilsson AG (2005) Perspectives on Multimedia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Wong T-C, Han SS, Zhang H (2015) Population Mobility, Urban Planning and Management in China. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ritter S (2010) Riding the Third Wave. In: Aleven V, Kay J, Mostow J (eds) Intelligent Tutoring Systems: 10th International Conference, ITS 2010, Pittsburgh, PA, USA, June 14-18, 2010, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 4–4

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Dermatological Research.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2014) Solar Plant Achieves Supercritical Steam. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/solar-plant-achieves-supercritical-steam/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1977) Landsat’s Role in an Earth Resources Information System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tafoya A (2010) Impact of HIV/AIDS stigma on seropositive Latinos along the United States-Mexico border. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2010) Empty Gray Gives Way to Blues and Boos, Just Like Before. New York Times D7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Dermatological Research
AbbreviationArch. Derm. Res.
ISSN (print)0340-3696
ISSN (online)1432-069X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Dermatology

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