How to format your references using the Archives of Dermatological Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Dermatological Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Scheid JF (2015) HIV-specific B cell response in patients with broadly neutralizing serum activity. Science 350:1175
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ordureau A, Harper JW (2014) Cell biology: balancing act. Nature 510:347–348
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ince DC, Hatton L, Graham-Cumming J (2012) The case for open computer programs. Nature 482:485–488
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Kiehl S, Herkt SC, Richter AM, et al (2014) ABCB4 is frequently epigenetically silenced in human cancers and inhibits tumor growth. Sci Rep 4:6899

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Petrucelli JR (2013) Detecting Fraud in Organizations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Fursey G (2005) Field Emission in Vacuum Microelectronics. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Madan R, Rupani R (2015) A 46 Year Old African American Woman with White Spots. In: Rupani R (ed) Clinical Cases in Integrative Dermatology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 33–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Dermatological Research.

Blog post
1.
Fang J (2015) Arctic Mosquitoes Are Growing Faster With Rising Temperatures. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/arctic-mosquitoes-are-growing-faster-rising-temperatures/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1978) Opportunities To Fully Integrate Environmental Research and Development into Developing Energy Technologies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Moore C (2017) Seasonal Temperature Reconstruction for Northeastern Siberia during the Late Pleistocene from High-Resolution Oxygen Isotope Measurements Across Fossil Wood. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vecsey G (2011) Goal for One Team Is Impossible Dream for the Other. New York Times SP10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Dermatological Research
AbbreviationArch. Derm. Res.
ISSN (print)0340-3696
ISSN (online)1432-069X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Dermatology

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