How to format your references using the Archives of Dermatological Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Archives of Dermatological Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barbier EB (2014) Economics: Account for depreciation of natural capital. Nature 515:32–33
A journal article with 2 authors
Krueger AB, Stone AA (2014) Psychology and economics. Progress in measuring subjective well-being. Science 346:42–43
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu X, Su Y, Fan ZH (2014) Cotinine concentration in serum correlates with tobacco smoke-induced emphysema in mice. Sci Rep 4:3864
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Koizumi S, Watanabe K, Hasegawa M, Kanda H (2001) Ultraviolet emission from a diamond pn junction. Science 292:1899–1901

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chandler C (2010) The Science of ADHD. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Eiselt HA, Marianov V (2011) Foundations of Location Analysis. Springer US, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
DeWitt SJ, Kroener S, Filbey FM (2013) Cue-Elicited Craving for Cannabis Activates the Reward Neurocircuitry Associated with the Neuropathology of Addiction. In: Van Bockstaele EJ (ed) Endocannabinoid Regulation of Monoamines in Psychiatric and Neurological Disorders. Springer, New York, NY, pp 55–71

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Archives of Dermatological Research.

Blog post
Luntz S (2017) Crowds Get Wiser When They Talk To Each Other. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1972) Review of Geomagnetic Activities. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberson BN (2013) Motivation towards learning perceived in Socratic seminar versus traditional lecture. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2013) In Snowstorm, U.S. Finds Remedy For a Cold Spell. New York Times SP9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArchives of Dermatological Research
AbbreviationArch. Derm. Res.
ISSN (print)0340-3696
ISSN (online)1432-069X
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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