How to format your references using the The Egyptian Rheumatologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Rheumatologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bohannon J. The Gonzo Scientist. Galileo in Senegal. Science 2010;328:296.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wang H-Y, Malbon CC. Wnt signaling, Ca2+, and cyclic GMP: visualizing Frizzled functions. Science 2003;300:1529–30.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Spracklen DV, Arnold SR, Taylor CM. Observations of increased tropical rainfall preceded by air passage over forests. Nature 2012;489:282–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Kapp FG, Perlin JR, Hagedorn EJ, Gansner JM, Schwarz DE, O’Connell LA, et al. Protection from UV light is an evolutionarily conserved feature of the haematopoietic niche. Nature 2018;558:445–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Naini FB. Facial Aesthetics. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Harris D, editor. Engineering Psychology and Cognitive Ergonomics: 8th International Conference, EPCE 2009, Held as Part of HCI International 2009, San Diego, CA, USA, July 19-24, 2009. Proceedings. vol. 5639. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Essex S, Torchilin V. Liposomal Formulations for Focal and Targeted Drug Delivery in Cancer and Other Diseases. In: Domb AJ, Khan W, editors. Focal Controlled Drug Delivery, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2014, p. 93–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Rheumatologist.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. Ancient Stone Toolmaking Evolved Multiple Times Across Continents. IFLScience 2014. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/ancient-stone-toolmaking-evolved-multiple-times-across-continents/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration: Light Truck Average Fuel Economy Standard--Model Year 2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Garcia MJ. Teacher knowledge of attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and effective classroom interventions. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Pilon M, Lehren AW. A Tennis Board Woven With Conflicts. New York Times 2014:D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Rheumatologist
ISSN (print)1110-1164
ScopeRheumatology

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