How to format your references using the The Egyptian Rheumatologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Rheumatologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Heilbron JL. Coming to terms. Nature 2002;415:585.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Leinwand LA, Moss RL. Medicine. Chemically tuned myosin motors. Science 2011;331:1392–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Culler SJ, Hoff KG, Smolke CD. Reprogramming cellular behavior with RNA controllers responsive to endogenous proteins. Science 2010;330:1251–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Li H, Ilin S, Wang W, Duncan EM, Wysocka J, Allis CD, et al. Molecular basis for site-specific read-out of histone H3K4me3 by the BPTF PHD finger of NURF. Nature 2006;442:91–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Gelbaum BR. Modern Real and Complex Analysis. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1995.
An edited book
[1]
He X, Gao X, Zhang Y, Zhou Z-H, Liu Z-Y, Fu B, et al., editors. Intelligence Science and Big Data Engineering. Big Data and Machine Learning Techniques: 5th International Conference, IScIDE 2015, Suzhou, China, June 14-16, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Part II. vol. 9243. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Li J, Chen J, Wang S. Dynamic Inventory Management with Cash Flow Constraints. In: Chen J, Wang S, editors. Risk Management of Supply and Cash Flows in Supply Chains, New York, NY: Springer; 2011, p. 105–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Rheumatologist.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Ketamine: Painkiller, Party Drug – And Possibly Next-Generation Antidepressant. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/ketamine-painkiller-party-drug-and-possibly-next-generation-antidepressant/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. IT Dashboard: Agencies Are Managing Investment Risk, but Related Ratings Need to Be More Accurate and Available. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Razo SI. Parenting practices of Latina mothers and children’s behavior outcomes. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Nechepurenko I, Hubbard B. On Trip to Moscow, King Seeks Warmer Relations. New York Times 2017:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Rheumatologist
ISSN (print)1110-1164
ScopeRheumatology

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