How to format your references using the Frontiers in Computational Physiology and Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Computational Physiology and Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kauranen, M. (2013). Physics. Freeing nonlinear optics from phase matching. Science 342, 1182–1183.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bernards, R., and Weinberg, R. A. (2002). A progression puzzle. Nature 418, 823.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conrad, C. P., Steinberger, B., and Torsvik, T. H. (2013). Conrad et al. reply. Nature 503, E4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Noh, B., Bandyopadhyay, A., Peer, W. A., Spalding, E. P., and Murphy, A. S. (2003). Enhanced gravi- and phototropism in plant mdr mutants mislocalizing the auxin efflux protein PIN1. Nature 423, 999–1002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maidl, B., Herrenknecht, M., Maidl, U., and Wehrmeyer, G. (2012). Mechanised Shield Tunnelling. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Beziau, J.-Y. ed. (2005). Logica Universalis: Towards a General Theory of Logic. Basel: Birkhäuser.
A chapter in an edited book
Pieracci, F. M., and Moore, E. E. (2014). “Principles and Philosophy of Damage Control Surgery,” in Trauma Surgery: Volume 1: Trauma Management, Trauma Critical Care, Orthopaedic Trauma and Neuro-Trauma, eds. S. Di Saverio, G. Tugnoli, F. Catena, L. Ansaloni, and N. Naidoo (Milano: Springer), 43–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Computational Physiology and Medicine.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). Orange Juice Is The Biggest Con Of Your Life. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988). Microwave Landing Systems: Additional Systems Should Not Be Procured Unless Benefits Proven. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breckenridge, C. (2017). Measuring Object and Attribute Salience in 2014 Illinois Gubernatorial Endorsements.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2003). CHURCH DELEGATION IN RUSSIA. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kauranen, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bernards and Weinberg, 2002; Kauranen, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bernards and Weinberg, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Noh et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Computational Physiology and Medicine
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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