How to format your references using the Cultural Studies of Science Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Studies of Science Education (CSSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhang, X. (2014). Plant science. Delayed gratification--waiting to terminate stem cell identity. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6170), 498–499.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mathieu, R. D., & Geller, A. M. (2009). A binary star fraction of 76 per cent and unusual orbit parameters for the blue stragglers of NGC 188. Nature, 462(7276), 1032–1035.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cumings, J., Collins, P. G., & Zettl, A. (2000). Peeling and sharpening multiwall nanotubes. Nature, 406(6796), 586.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bassett, S. E., Milne, G. A., Mitrovica, J. X., & Clark, P. U. (2005). Ice sheet and solid Earth influences on far-field sea-level histories. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5736), 925–928.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham, L. (2010). Complying with Sarbanes-Oxley Section 404. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Banavar, R. N. (2006). Switched Finite Time Control of a Class of Underactuated Systems. (V. Sankaranarayanan, Ed.) (Vol. 333). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tristão, J. C., Silva, A. A., Ardisson, J. D., & Lago, R. M. (2009). Magnetic nanoparticles based on iron coated carbon produced from the reaction of Fe2O3 with CH4: a Mössbauer study. In J. Desimoni, C. P. Ramos, B. Arcondo, F. D. Saccone, and R. C. Mercader (Eds.), LACAME 2008: Proceedings of the 11th Latin American Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect, (LACAME 2006) held in La Plata, 9-14 November 2008 (pp. 21–25). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Studies of Science Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, October 10). Discovery Of “Good Fat” Molecules Could Lead To New Diabetes Treatment. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). GAO Technology Readiness Assessment Guide: Best Practices for Evaluating the Readiness of Technology for Use in Acquisition Programs and Projects--Exposure Draft (No. GAO-16-410G). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dooling, S. M. (2013). Like A Unicorn in Captivity (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Valerian, S. (2013, October 3). For a Brown, the Comeback Trail Leads Home. New York Times, p. B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhang 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mathieu and Geller 2009; Zhang 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mathieu and Geller 2009)
  • Three authors: (Cumings, Collins, and Zettl 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bassett, Milne, Mitrovica, and Clark 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Studies of Science Education
AbbreviationCult. Stud. Sci. Educ.
ISSN (print)1871-1502
ISSN (online)1871-1510
ScopeCultural Studies

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