How to format your references using the Cultural Studies of Science Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Studies of Science Education (CSSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wetherbee, R. (2002). Biomineralization. The diatom glasshouse. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5593), 547.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gagliardi, L., & Roos, B. O. (2005). Quantum chemical calculations show that the uranium molecule U2 has a quintuple bond. Nature, 433(7028), 848–851.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bogorad, I. W., Lin, T.-S., & Liao, J. C. (2013). Synthetic non-oxidative glycolysis enables complete carbon conservation. Nature, 502(7473), 693–697.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nakanishi, R., Kitaura, R., Warner, J. H., Yamamoto, Y., Arai, S., Miyata, Y., & Shinohara, H. (2013). Thin single-wall BN-nanotubes formed inside carbon nanotubes. Scientific Reports, 3, 1385.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marcus, Y. (2012). Supercritical Water. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Damiani, E., & Liu, P. (Eds.). (2006). Data and Applications Security XX: 20th Annual IFIP WG 11.3 Working Conference on Data and Applications Security, Sophia Antipolis, France, July 31-August 2, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 4127). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Goedertier, S., Mues, C., & Vanthienen, J. (2007). Specifying Process-Aware Access Control Rules in SBVR. In A. Paschke and Y. Biletskiy (Eds.), Advances in Rule Interchange and Applications: International Symposium, RuleML 2007, Orlando, Florida, October 25-26, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 39–52). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Studies of Science Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 23). Trial Shows New Vaccine Safe And Effective Against 9 Strains Of HPV. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Social Security Administration: Effective Information Technology Management Essential for Data Center Initiative (No. GAO-09-662T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watson, Y. M. (2019). Federal Managers’ Use of Evidence (Performance Measurement Data and Evaluation Results): Are We There Yet? (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2017, June 20). ‘Bachelor in Paradise’ To Resume Taping. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wetherbee 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gagliardi and Roos 2005; Wetherbee 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gagliardi and Roos 2005)
  • Three authors: (Bogorad, Lin, and Liao 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nakanishi et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Studies of Science Education
AbbreviationCult. Stud. Sci. Educ.
ISSN (print)1871-1502
ISSN (online)1871-1510
ScopeCultural Studies

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