How to format your references using the Cultural Studies of Science Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Studies of Science Education (CSSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chast, F. (2006). Obituary: Pierre Potier (1934-2006). Nature, 440(7082), 291.
A journal article with 2 authors
England, P. C., & Katz, R. F. (2010). Global systematics of arc volcano position. Nature, 468(7325), E6-7; discussion E7-8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tsushima, Y., Sasaki, Y., & Watanabe, T. (2006). Greater disruption due to failure of inhibitory control on an ambiguous distractor. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5806), 1786–1788.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Helmlinger, G., Endo, M., Ferrara, N., Hlatky, L., & Jain, R. K. (2000). Formation of endothelial cell networks. Nature, 405(6783), 139–141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyner, M. (2009). Integration Marketing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Xin, Y. P. (Ed.). (2012). Conceptual Model-Based Problem Solving: Teach Students with Learning Difficulties to Solve Math Problems. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Santiano, B. J. (2016). Common Sense, Use the Right Tool for the Job. In P. Sampaio and P. Saraiva (Eds.), Quality in the 21st Century: Perspectives from ASQ Feigenbaum Medal Winners (pp. 49–56). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Studies of Science Education.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, March 6). WWF Lays Out 5 Key Goals To Be Achieved By World Wildlife Day 2019. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Status of Trident and SSN-688 Submarine Construction (No. MASAD-83-10). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bailey, C. N. (2015). The influence of gardens on resilience in older adults living in a continuing care community (Doctoral dissertation). Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017, October 18). Deep Into the Wild With Jane Goodall. New York Times, p. C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chast 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chast 2006; England and Katz 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (England and Katz 2010)
  • Three authors: (Tsushima, Sasaki, and Watanabe 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Helmlinger, Endo, Ferrara, Hlatky, and Jain 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Studies of Science Education
AbbreviationCult. Stud. Sci. Educ.
ISSN (print)1871-1502
ISSN (online)1871-1510
ScopeCultural Studies

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