How to format your references using the Cultural Studies of Science Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Studies of Science Education (CSSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marshall, S. (2014). Climate change. Glacier retreat crosses a line. Science (New York, N.Y.), 345(6199), 872.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jahn, R., & Fasshauer, D. (2012). Molecular machines governing exocytosis of synaptic vesicles. Nature, 490(7419), 201–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ryugo, D. K., Kretzmer, E. A., & Niparko, J. K. (2005). Restoration of auditory nerve synapses in cats by cochlear implants. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5753), 1490–1492.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, H., Ye, F., Yao, Q., Cao, H., Xie, J., Lee, J. Y., & Yang, J. (2014). Stellated Ag-Pt bimetallic nanoparticles: an effective platform for catalytic activity tuning. Scientific Reports, 4, 3969.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hogan, K. (2008). The Secret Language of Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Keereman, F., & Szekely, I. (Eds.). (2010). Five Years of an Enlarged EU: A Positive Sum Game. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Arita, S. (2014). Educational Expansion and Labor Market Entry of New Graduates in Korea and Japan. In H. Park and K.-K. Kim (Eds.), Korean Education in Changing Economic and Demographic Contexts (pp. 77–93). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Studies of Science Education.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, October 22). Your Brain Might Multitask By Heightening One Sense While Dampening Another. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1992). Earth Observing System: Information on NASA’s Incorporation of Existing Data Into EOSDIS (No. IMTEC-92-79). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holby, N. (2017). School Counselors and Their Experiences Implementing Comprehensive Programs (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Antilla, S. (2015, September 22). Fund Settlement. New York Times, p. B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marshall 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Jahn and Fasshauer 2012; Marshall 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jahn and Fasshauer 2012)
  • Three authors: (Ryugo, Kretzmer, and Niparko 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Liu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Studies of Science Education
AbbreviationCult. Stud. Sci. Educ.
ISSN (print)1871-1502
ISSN (online)1871-1510
ScopeCultural Studies

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