How to format your references using the Cultural Studies of Science Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Studies of Science Education (CSSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kurita, N. (2012). Climate change. Dancing to the tune of the glacial cycles. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6086), 1242–1243.
A journal article with 2 authors
Siekmann, A. F., & Lawson, N. D. (2007). Notch signalling limits angiogenic cell behaviour in developing zebrafish arteries. Nature, 445(7129), 781–784.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu, Y., Ramu, Y., & Lu, Z. (2008). Removal of phospho-head groups of membrane lipids immobilizes voltage sensors of K+ channels. Nature, 451(7180), 826–829.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bugoslavsky, Y., Cohen, L. F., Perkins, G. K., Polichetti, M., Tate, T. J., Gwilliam, R., & Caplin, A. D. (2001). Enhancement of the high-magnetic-field critical current density of superconducting MgB2 by proton irradiation. Nature, 411(6837), 561–563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker, D. (2011). Global Real Estate Investment Trusts. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Correa, J. R., Hevia, A., & Kiwi, M. (Eds.). (2006). LATIN 2006: Theoretical Informatics: 7th Latin American Symposium, Valdivia, Chile, March 20-24, 2006. Proceedings (Vol. 3887). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pelekis, N., & Theodoridis, Y. (2014). Moving Object Database Engines. In Y. Theodoridis (Ed.), Mobility Data Management and Exploration (pp. 101–118). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Studies of Science Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 9). The Keystone XL Pipeline Debate Is Over, But Our Infrastructure Needs Are Not. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Department of Education: Information on Consolidation Opportunities and Student Aid (No. T-HEHS-95-130). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton, D. S. (2015). Structural and geophysical interpretation of Roatán Island, Honduras, Western Caribbean (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, March 11). Tough Architect of the Mets. New York Times, p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kurita 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Kurita 2012; Siekmann and Lawson 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Siekmann and Lawson 2007)
  • Three authors: (Xu, Ramu, and Lu 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bugoslavsky et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Studies of Science Education
AbbreviationCult. Stud. Sci. Educ.
ISSN (print)1871-1502
ISSN (online)1871-1510
ScopeCultural Studies

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