How to format your references using the Cultural Studies of Science Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Studies of Science Education (CSSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Renne, P. R. (2002). Geology. Flood basalts--bigger and badder. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5574), 1812–1813.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowen, L. E., & Lindquist, S. (2005). Hsp90 potentiates the rapid evolution of new traits: drug resistance in diverse fungi. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5744), 2185–2189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Warner, D. A., Uller, T., & Shine, R. (2013). Transgenerational sex determination: the embryonic environment experienced by a male affects offspring sex ratio. Scientific Reports, 3, 2709.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Martin, P. R., Lee, B. B., White, A. J., Solomon, S. G., & Rüttiger, L. (2001). Chromatic sensitivity of ganglion cells in the peripheral primate retina. Nature, 410(6831), 933–936.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gros, D., & Lannoo, K. (2004). The Euro Capital Market. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Gobbi, A., Espregueira-Mendes, J., & Nakamura, N. (Eds.). (2014). The Patellofemoral Joint: State of the Art in Evaluation and Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mallikarjuna, N., Coyne, C., Cho, S., Rynearson, S., Rajesh, P. N., Jadhav, D. R., & Muehlbauer, F. J. (2011). Cicer. In C. Kole (Ed.), Wild Crop Relatives: Genomic and Breeding Resources: Legume Crops and Forages (pp. 63–82). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Studies of Science Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, August 1). Gullies On Mars Are Not Formed By Liquid Water – But Other Features Are. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Space Station: Russian Commitment and Cost Control Problems (No. NSIAD-99-175). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olsen, S. L. (2017). A Year of Sin An Experiential Exhibition of Sin (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2017, June 13). No White House Visit? Actually, No Invitation. New York Times, p. B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Renne 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Cowen and Lindquist 2005; Renne 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cowen and Lindquist 2005)
  • Three authors: (Warner, Uller, and Shine 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Martin, Lee, White, Solomon, and Rüttiger 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Studies of Science Education
AbbreviationCult. Stud. Sci. Educ.
ISSN (print)1871-1502
ISSN (online)1871-1510
ScopeCultural Studies

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