How to format your references using the Cultural Studies of Science Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Studies of Science Education (CSSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Neuenschwander, P. (2004). Harnessing nature in Africa. Nature, 432(7019), 801–802.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymond, P. A., & Cole, J. J. (2003). Increase in the export of alkalinity from North America’s largest river. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5629), 88–91.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bobrov, K., Mayne, A. J., & Dujardin, G. (2001). Atomic-scale imaging of insulating diamond through resonant electron injection. Nature, 413(6856), 616–619.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ravasz, E., Somera, A. L., Mongru, D. A., Oltvai, Z. N., & Barabási, A. L. (2002). Hierarchical organization of modularity in metabolic networks. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5586), 1551–1555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goria, S. (2017). Methods and Tools for Creative Competitive Intelligence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jurin, R. R. (2010). Environmental Communication. Second Edition: Skills and Principles for Natural Resource Managers, Scientists, and Engineers. (D. Roush and K. J. Danter, Eds.). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Mandow, L., & de la Cruz, J. L. P. (2009). A Memory-Efficient Search Strategy for Multiobjective Shortest Path Problems. In B. Mertsching, M. Hund, and Z. Aziz (Eds.), KI 2009: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 32nd Annual German Conference on AI, Paderborn, Germany, September 15-18, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 25–32). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Studies of Science Education.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, June 25). Eyeless Yeti Crabs Discovered Living on Antarctic Hydrothermal Vents. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2012). Aviation Security: 9/11 Anniversary Observations on TSA’s Progress and Challenges in Strengthening Aviation Security (No. GAO-12-1024T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McDougal, S. (2013). Military Town: Part One (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, October 19). Trying to Decipher the Justices on the Current State of the Death Penalty. New York Times, p. A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Neuenschwander 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Neuenschwander 2004; Raymond and Cole 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raymond and Cole 2003)
  • Three authors: (Bobrov, Mayne, and Dujardin 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ravasz, Somera, Mongru, Oltvai, and Barabási 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Studies of Science Education
AbbreviationCult. Stud. Sci. Educ.
ISSN (print)1871-1502
ISSN (online)1871-1510
ScopeCultural Studies

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