How to format your references using the Cultural Studies of Science Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Studies of Science Education (CSSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pearson, H. (2003). Mystery virus slow to yield its identity as patient numbers rise. Nature, 422(6930), 364.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowitch, D. H., & Kriegstein, A. R. (2010). Developmental genetics of vertebrate glial-cell specification. Nature, 468(7321), 214–222.
A journal article with 3 authors
Eccleston, A., Cesari, F., & Skipper, M. (2013). Transcription and epigenetics. Nature, 502(7472), 461.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lioy, D. T., Garg, S. K., Monaghan, C. E., Raber, J., Foust, K. D., Kaspar, B. K., … Mandel, G. (2011). A role for glia in the progression of Rett’s syndrome. Nature, 475(7357), 497–500.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burnett, R., Brunstrom, A., & Nilsson, A. G. (2005). Perspectives on Multimedia. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Marino, R. (2010). Induction Motor Control Design. (P. Tomei and C. M. Verrelli, Eds.) (Vol. 0). London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Kundu, D., & Nandi, S. (2012). Estimating the Number of Components. In S. Nandi (Ed.), Statistical Signal Processing: Frequency Estimation (pp. 79–90). New Delhi: Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Studies of Science Education.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 27). Is It Ok To Pee In The Ocean? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Financial Restatement Database (No. GAO-06-1053R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Okafor-Dike, L. C. (2008). The effect of leadership on economic development: A case study of Nigeria (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jenks, S. (2017, June 6). Troubled Vision. New York Times, p. F7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pearson 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Pearson 2003; Rowitch and Kriegstein 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rowitch and Kriegstein 2010)
  • Three authors: (Eccleston, Cesari, and Skipper 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lioy et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Studies of Science Education
AbbreviationCult. Stud. Sci. Educ.
ISSN (print)1871-1502
ISSN (online)1871-1510
ScopeCultural Studies

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