How to format your references using the Cultural Studies of Science Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cultural Studies of Science Education (CSSE). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2002). Norway: Turning oil into science. Nature, 417(6884), 4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirwan, M. L., & Mudd, S. M. (2012). Response of salt-marsh carbon accumulation to climate change. Nature, 489(7417), 550–553.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyons, T. W., Reinhard, C. T., & Planavsky, N. J. (2014). The rise of oxygen in Earth’s early ocean and atmosphere. Nature, 506(7488), 307–315.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wagner, J. R., Brunzelle, J. S., Forest, K. T., & Vierstra, R. D. (2005). A light-sensing knot revealed by the structure of the chromophore-binding domain of phytochrome. Nature, 438(7066), 325–331.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox, C. (2012). An Introduction to LTE. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hutto, C. (Ed.). (2006). Congenital and Perinatal Infections: A Concise Guide to Diagnosis. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Yunus, A. P., Dou, J., Avtar, R., & Narayana, A. C. (2016). Shoreline and Coastal Morphological Changes Induced by the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami in the Katchal Island, Andaman and Nicobar – A Study Using Archived Satellite Images. In V. Santiago-Fandiño, H. Tanaka, and M. Spiske (Eds.), Tsunamis and Earthquakes in Coastal Environments: Significance and Restoration (pp. 65–77). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cultural Studies of Science Education.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016, October 19). Spectacular Stellar Winds Seen In Highest Resolution Yet. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Transportation Security R&D: TSA and DHS Are Researching and Developing Technologies, but Need to Improve R&D Management (No. GAO-04-890). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher, E. (2012). Suffering God (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Delury, J. (2017, March 29). Making a North Korea deal. New York Times, p. 0.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kirwan and Mudd 2012; Smaglik 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kirwan and Mudd 2012)
  • Three authors: (Lyons, Reinhard, and Planavsky 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wagner, Brunzelle, Forest, and Vierstra 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCultural Studies of Science Education
AbbreviationCult. Stud. Sci. Educ.
ISSN (print)1871-1502
ISSN (online)1871-1510
ScopeCultural Studies

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