How to format your references using the Fish Physiology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fish Physiology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mortimer M (2007) The time is ripe. Nature 447:884
A journal article with 2 authors
Woolf CJ, Bloechlinger S (2002) Neuroscience. It takes more than two to Nogo. Science 297:1132–1134
A journal article with 3 authors
Xu C, Shang X-D, Huang RX (2014) Horizontal eddy energy flux in the world oceans diagnosed from altimetry data. Sci Rep 4:5316
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kim SK, Shindo A, Park TJ, et al (2010) Planar cell polarity acts through septins to control collective cell movement and ciliogenesis. Science 329:1337–1340

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Shunmugaperumal T (2010) Biofilm Eradication and Prevention. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Clark RM, Hakim S, Ostfeld A (eds) (2011) Handbook of Water and Wastewater Systems Protection. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Lu T, Vo B, Nguyen HT, Hong T-P (2014) A New Method for Mining High Average Utility Itemsets. In: Saeed K, Snášel V (eds) Computer Information Systems and Industrial Management: 13th IFIP TC8 International Conference, CISIM 2014, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, November 5-7, 2014. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 33–42

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fish Physiology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Here’s What Sugar Does To Your Brain. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Federal Research: Status of DOE’s Superconducting Super Collider. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson EM (2017) Lessons Learned from the Gender Wage Gap in the Federal Workforce: Structural Changes and Temporal Flexibility are Only the First Step to Equality. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C (2008) An Island, Untamed and Divided. New York Times WE1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mortimer 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Woolf and Bloechlinger 2002; Mortimer 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Woolf and Bloechlinger 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleFish Physiology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationFish Physiol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0920-1742
ISSN (online)1573-5168
ScopeAquatic Science
General Medicine

Other styles