How to format your references using the Fish Physiology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fish Physiology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik P (2002) Talent tug-of-war. Nature 417:3
A journal article with 2 authors
Logan GD, Crump MJC (2010) Cognitive illusions of authorship reveal hierarchical error detection in skilled typists. Science 330:683–686
A journal article with 3 authors
Jan CH, Williams CC, Weissman JS (2015) LOCAL TRANSLATION. Response to Comment on “Principles of ER cotranslational translocation revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling.” Science 348:1217
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Unlu M, Hashemi MR, Berry CW, et al (2014) Switchable scattering meta-surfaces for broadband terahertz modulation. Sci Rep 4:5708

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Evans PW (2010) Top Hat. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Alexandrov V, Gajdusek MF, Knight CG, Yotova A (eds) (2010) Global Environmental Change: Challenges to Science and Society in Southeastern Europe: Selected Papers presented in the International Conference held 19-21 May 2008 in Sofia Bulgaria. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Xia Y, Fu M (2013) SMC for Missile Systems Based on Back-Stepping and ESO Techniques. In: Fu M (ed) Compound Control Methodology for Flight Vehicles. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 65–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fish Physiology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) The Fate Of The Universe: Heat Death, Big Rip Or Cosmic Consciousness? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Telecommunications Network: NASA Could Better Manage Its Planned Consolidation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Whitehead CF (2010) Teacher perceptions of the effects of parentification on social interactions in the school setting. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wingfield N, Couturier K (2017) Detailing Amazon’s Custom-Clothing Patent. New York Times B4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik 2002; Logan and Crump 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Logan and Crump 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Unlu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFish Physiology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationFish Physiol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0920-1742
ISSN (online)1573-5168
ScopeAquatic Science
General Medicine

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