How to format your references using the Fish Physiology and Biochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fish Physiology and Biochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Denrell J (2008) Sociology. Indirect social influence. Science 321:47–48
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldstein JL, Brown MS (2012) History of science. A golden era of Nobel laureates. Science 338:1033–1034
A journal article with 3 authors
MacLeod N, Benfield M, Culverhouse P (2010) Time to automate identification. Nature 467:154–155
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hurlstone AFL, Haramis A-PG, Wienholds E, et al (2003) The Wnt/beta-catenin pathway regulates cardiac valve formation. Nature 425:633–637

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pease G (2015) Optimize Your Greatest Asset-Your People. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Perner P, Imiya A (eds) (2005) Machine Learning and Data Mining in Pattern Recognition: 4th International Conference, MLDM 2005, Leipzig, Germany, July 9-11, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Chirikjian GS (2013) Variational Analysis of Snakelike Robots. In: Milutinović D, Rosen J (eds) Redundancy in Robot Manipulators and Multi-Robot Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 77–91

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fish Physiology and Biochemistry.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) This Extremely Rare Disease Keeps You Awake For The Rest Of Your Life. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Mass Transit: Federal Participation in Transit Benefit Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nelson J-MC (2008) The effect of class size on a teacher’s job satisfaction in a southeastern urban LEA. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Park LS (2011) No Safe Place. New York Times BR16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Denrell 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Denrell 2008; Goldstein and Brown 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldstein and Brown 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hurlstone et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFish Physiology and Biochemistry
AbbreviationFish Physiol. Biochem.
ISSN (print)0920-1742
ISSN (online)1573-5168
ScopeAquatic Science
General Medicine

Other styles