How to format your references using the The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Bradford MA. Ecology: Good dirt with good friends. Nature 2014;505:486–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sugita M, Shiba Y. Genetic tracing shows segregation of taste neuronal circuitries for bitter and sweet. Science 2005;309:781–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Clauset A, Moore C, Newman MEJ. Hierarchical structure and the prediction of missing links in networks. Nature 2008;453:98–101.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ouellette DG, Moetakef P, Cain TA, Zhang JY, Stemmer S, Emin D, et al. High-density two-dimensional small polaron gas in a delta-doped Mott insulator. Sci Rep 2013;3:3284.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
S. Bagotsky V, M. Skundin A, M. Volfkovich Y. Electrochemical Power Sources. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Carrasco-Ochoa JA, Martínez-Trinidad JF, Olvera López JA, Boyer KL, editors. Pattern Recognition: 4th Mexican Conference, MCPR 2012, Huatulco, Mexico, June 27-30, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 7329. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ohms C, Neov D, Youtsos AG. Evaluation Of Novel Post Weld Heat Treatment In Ferritic Steel Repair Welds Based On Neutron Diffraction. In: Youtsos AG, editor. Residual Stress and Its Effects on Fatigue and Fracture: Proceedings of a Special Symposium held within the 16th European Conference of Fracture – ECF16, Alexandroupolis, Greece, 3-7 July 2006, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006, p. 55–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Davis J. Unsustainable Hunting Of Wild Mammals Is Driving Them To The Edge Of Extinction. IFLScience 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Digital Broadcast Television Transition: Estimated Cost of Supporting Set-Top Boxes to Help Advance the DTV Transition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Lemheney AJ. Design and development of virtual reality simulation for teaching high-risk low-volume problem-prone office-based medical emergencies. Doctoral dissertation. Pepperdine University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Justices Bar Death Penalty For the Rape of a Child. New York Times 2008:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
ISSN (print)0378-603X
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles