How to format your references using the The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Cho A. Computer science. Quantum or not, controversial computer yields no speedup. Science 2014;344:1330–1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Nix P, Bastiani M. Neuroscience. Heterochronic genes turn back the clock in old neurons. Science 2013;340:282–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Almeda R, Connelly TL, Buskey EJ. Novel insight into the role of heterotrophic dinoflagellates in the fate of crude oil in the sea. Sci Rep 2014;4:7560.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wolf IML, Fan Z, Rauh M, Seufert S, Hore N, Buchfelder M, et al. Histone deacetylases inhibition by SAHA/Vorinostat normalizes the glioma microenvironment via xCT equilibration. Sci Rep 2014;4:6226.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Baher H. Signal Processing and Integrated Circuits. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Barneva RP, Brimkov VE, Aggarwal JK, editors. Combinatorial Image Analaysis: 15th International Workshop, IWCIA 2012, Austin, TX, USA, November 28-30, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 7655. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Bäck T, Foussette C, Krause P. Summary. In: Foussette C, Krause P, editors. Contemporary Evolution Strategies, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013, p. 85–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Sperm Whales Learn Local Dialects – New Study Is Yet More Proof That Animals Have Culture. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Materials Research and Development. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1975.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Saperstein AM. Susceptibility to smoking and nicotine dependence in schizophrenia. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Wogan J. Beds and a Banana. New York Times 2016:M236.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
ISSN (print)0378-603X
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles