How to format your references using the The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Sunda WG. Oceans. Iron and the carbon pump. Science 2010;327:654–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lazzaro BP, Rolff J. Immunology. Danger, microbes, and homeostasis. Science 2011;332:43–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Irvine WTM, Vitelli V, Chaikin PM. Pleats in crystals on curved surfaces. Nature 2010;468:947–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Marchetti A, Parker MS, Moccia LP, Lin EO, Arrieta AL, Ribalet F, et al. Ferritin is used for iron storage in bloom-forming marine pennate diatoms. Nature 2009;457:467–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
zur Hausen H. Infections Causing Human Cancer. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2006.
An edited book
[1]
Lewis C, Coghill K, editors. Parliamentarians’ Professional Development: The Need for Reform. vol. 16. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ryan CK, Krueger GRF, Chandrasekhar C. Pathology of the Liver, Biliary System, and Exocrine Pancreas. In: Krueger GRF, Buja LM, editors. Atlas of Anatomic Pathology with Imaging: A Correlative Diagnostic Companion, London: Springer; 2013, p. 231–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Hidden Housemates: Springtails Are Everywhere, Even In Your Home. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/hidden-housemates-springtails-are-everywhere-even-in-your-home/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Head Start Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1974.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Krometis L-AH. Microbial partitioning in urban stormwaters. Doctoral dissertation. University of North Carolina, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Lithuania: Presidential Runoff. New York Times 2002:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
ISSN (print)0378-603X
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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