How to format your references using the The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Niven JE. Behavior. How honeybees break a decision-making deadlock. Science 2012;335:43–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Klausner R, Alonso P. An attack on all fronts. Nature 2004;430:930–1.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Stenner MD, Gauthier DJ, Neifeld MA. The speed of information in a “fast-light” optical medium. Nature 2003;425:695–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zhang Y, Yu L, Liang J-Q, Chen G, Jia S, Nori F. Quantum phases in circuit QED with a superconducting qubit array. Sci Rep 2014;4:4083.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Stenholm S, Suominen K-A. Quantum Approach to Informatics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Catarci T, Forner P, Hiemstra D, Peñas A, Santucci G, editors. Information Access Evaluation. Multilinguality, Multimodality, and Visual Analytics: Third International Conference of the CLEF Initiative, CLEF 2012, Rome, Italy, September 17-20, 2012. Proceedings. vol. 7488. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Schoon S. Three Olds: Experimental Urban Restructuring with Chinese Characteristics, Guangzhou and Shenzhen in Comparison. In: Altrock U, Schoon S, editors. Maturing Megacities: The Pearl River Delta in Progressive Transformation, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014, p. 105–21.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Newly Emerged Pacific “Island” Photographed For The First Time. IFLScience 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Immigration Benefits System: Significant Risks in USCIS’s Efforts to Develop its Adjudication and Case Management System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Anemaet WK. The effects of non -surgical interventions on osteoarthritis-like changes in the mouse knee. Doctoral dissertation. University of South Florida, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Gold M. Shock of the New. Shock of the Old. New York Times 2017:AR9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Egyptian Journal of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine
ISSN (print)0378-603X
ScopeRadiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles