How to format your references using the Aquaculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Woolston, C., 2015. Breast cancer. Nature 527, S101.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shen, Y., Lua, A.C., 2013. A facile method for the large-scale continuous synthesis of graphene sheets using a novel catalyst. Sci. Rep. 3, 3037.
A journal article with 3 authors
Costello, C., Gaines, S.D., Lynham, J., 2008. Can catch shares prevent fisheries collapse? Science 321, 1678–1681.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Germain, P., Iyer, J., Zechel, C., Gronemeyer, H., 2002. Co-regulator recruitment and the mechanism of retinoic acid receptor synergy. Nature 415, 187–192.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Seagal, Z.M., Surnina, O.M., 2016. Ultrasonic Topographical and Pathotopographical Anatomy. John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Benediktovich, A., 2014. Theoretical Concepts of X-Ray Nanoscale Analysis: Theory and Applications, Springer Series in Materials Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Carrasco, E., Epelde, G., Moreno, A., Ortiz, A., Garcia, I., Buiza, C., Urdaneta, E., Etxaniz, A., González, M.F., Arruti, A., 2008. Natural Interaction between Avatars and Persons with Alzheimer’s Disease, in: Miesenberger, K., Klaus, J., Zagler, W., Karshmer, A. (Eds.), Computers Helping People with Special Needs: 11th International Conference, ICCHP 2008, Linz, Austria, July 9-11, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 38–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. A Russian Spacecraft Is Heading For A Fiery Demise [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Technology Transfer: Federal Laboratory Consortium Should Increase Communication with Potential Customers to Improve Initiatives (No. GAO-15-127). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Browning, A., 2012. An electronic on-board recorder for intermodal drayage operations (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herszenhorn, D.M., Barry, E., 2011. Russian Voters Send a Message To Putin’s Party. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Woolston, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Shen and Lua, 2013; Woolston, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shen and Lua, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Germain et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture
ISSN (print)0044-8486
ScopeAquatic Science

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