How to format your references using the Aquaculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fairley, P., 2015. Energy storage: Power revolution. Nature 526, S102-4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yin, H., Lin, H., 2007. An epigenetic activation role of Piwi and a Piwi-associated piRNA in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 450, 304–308.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heimpel, M., Aurnou, J., Wicht, J., 2005. Simulation of equatorial and high-latitude jets on Jupiter in a deep convection model. Nature 438, 193–196.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wainer, I., Prado, L.F., Khodri, M., Otto-Bliesner, B., 2014. Reconstruction of the South Atlantic Subtropical Dipole index for the past 12,000 years from surface temperature proxy. Sci. Rep. 4, 5291.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Liu, H., Li, G., 2006. OFDM-Based Broadband Wireless Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Grizzard, J.D., 2008. Cardiovascular MRI in Practice: A Teaching File Approach. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Emmett, S., 2013. Toward a Pedagogy of Well-Being for Early Childhood Pre-Service Educators, in: Wilson, J.Z. (Ed.), Pedagogies for the Future: Leading Quality Learning and Teaching in Higher Education. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 27–38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Mars Is Destroying Its Own Moon [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. Administration of the Medicaid Drug Program (No. B-164031(2)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liang, M., 2012. Information, communication and wayfinding: Technology shows us the world (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bidgood, J., 2017. In Storm-Filled Season, Hurricane Nate Is Greeted With Relief. New York Times A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fairley, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Fairley, 2015; Yin and Lin, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yin and Lin, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wainer et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture
ISSN (print)0044-8486
ScopeAquatic Science

Other styles