How to format your references using the Aquaculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Holt, R.D., 2000. Evolutionary biology. Use it or lose it. Nature 407, 689–690.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tamaru, H., Selker, E.U., 2001. A histone H3 methyltransferase controls DNA methylation in Neurospora crassa. Nature 414, 277–283.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakuno, T., Tada, K., Watanabe, Y., 2009. Kinetochore geometry defined by cohesion within the centromere. Nature 458, 852–858.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Acharya, U., Patel, S., Koundakjian, E., Nagashima, K., Han, X., Acharya, J.K., 2003. Modulating sphingolipid biosynthetic pathway rescues photoreceptor degeneration. Science 299, 1740–1743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anthony, B., Boudnik, K., Adams, C., Shao, B., Lee, C., Sasaki, K., 2016. Professional Hadoop®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Hokstad, P., Utne, I.B., Vatn, J. (Eds.), 2012. Risk and Interdependencies in Critical Infrastructures: A Guideline for Analysis, Springer Series in Reliability Engineering. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Sykes, P., 2010. Traffic Simulation with Paramics, in: Barceló, J. (Ed.), Fundamentals of Traffic Simulation, International Series in Operations Research & Management Science. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 131–171.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The VW Scandal Exposes The High Tech Control Of Engine Emissions [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Ulysses Mission to the Sun (No. NSIAD-88-129FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilkerson, M.R., 2011. The Relationship Between Caring School Community Program Implementation and Elementary Student Achievement (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2017. A Hidden Hero Brought to Light. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Holt, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Holt, 2000; Tamaru and Selker, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tamaru and Selker, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Acharya et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture
ISSN (print)0044-8486
ScopeAquatic Science

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