How to format your references using the Aquaculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Naccache, L., 2006. Psychology. Is she conscious? Science 313, 1395–1396.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, Z.-F., Zhou, J.-H., 2013. Can we identify source lithology of basalt? Sci. Rep. 3, 1856.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhu, Z., Gauthier, D.J., Boyd, R.W., 2007. Stored light in an optical fiber via stimulated Brillouin scattering. Science 318, 1748–1750.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sinclair, R.C., Mark, M.M., Moore, S.E., Lavis, C.A., Soldat, A.S., 2000. An electoral butterfly effect. Nature 408, 665–666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kazimierczuk, M., 2013. High-Frequency Magnetic Components. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Bru, R., Romero-Vivó, S. (Eds.), 2009. Positive Systems: Proceedings of the third Multidisciplinary International Symposium on Positive Systems: Theory and Applications (POSTA 2009) Valencia, Spain, September 2-4, 2009, Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Burney, T., Lock, P., 2007. Measuring Game-Play Performance and Perceived Immersion in a Domed Planetarium Projection Environment, in: Ma, L., Rauterberg, M., Nakatsu, R. (Eds.), Entertainment Computing – ICEC 2007: 6th International Conference, Shanghai, China, September 15-17, 2007. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 22–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2017. We’ll Have To Wait A Bit Longer For This Car To Go 1,000 Miles Per Hour [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1993. Drug Education: Limited Progress in Program Evaluation (No. T-PEMD-93-2). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Marjanovic, S.Y., 2016. The Role of the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome Protein in Regulating T Cell Programmed Cell Death Mechanisms and Implications for Autoimmunity in the Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Loomis, G., 2016. Interpreting Verdi and Alfredo Casella. New York Times C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Naccache, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Naccache, 2006; Yang and Zhou, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yang and Zhou, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sinclair et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture
ISSN (print)0044-8486
ScopeAquatic Science

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