How to format your references using the Aquaculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rouault, T.A., 2009. Cell biology. An ancient gauge for iron. Science 326, 676–677.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jones, M.K., Liu, X., 2009. Archaeology. Origins of agriculture in East Asia. Science 324, 730–731.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garner, H.R., McIver, L.J., Waitzkin, M.B., 2013. Research funding: Same work, twice the money? Nature 493, 599–601.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gao, D., Nolan, D.J., Mellick, A.S., Bambino, K., McDonnell, K., Mittal, V., 2008. Endothelial progenitor cells control the angiogenic switch in mouse lung metastasis. Science 319, 195–198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberty, R.A., 2006. Biochemical Thermodynamics: Applications of Mathmatica, Methods of Biochemical Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Toi, M., Winer, E., Benson, J., Klimberg, S. (Eds.), 2016. Personalized Treatment of Breast Cancer. Springer Japan, Tokyo.
A chapter in an edited book
Kalliomäki, M., Salminen, S., Isolauri, E., 2008. Positive Interactions with the Microbiota: Probiotics, in: Huffnagle, G.B., Noverr, M.C. (Eds.), GI Microbiota and Regulation of the Immune System, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 57–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Extinction Alert: Saving The World From A Deadly Asteroid Impact [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1984. Major Federal Research and Development Agencies Are Implementing the Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980 (No. RCED-84-26). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McPherson, C.A., 2012. Characterization of the neurogenic microenvironment in the mouse hippocampus following chemical-induced neuronal injury (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2007. Selling Jewelry Is Mostly Pitfalls, Not Much Glitter. New York Times C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rouault, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Jones and Liu, 2009; Rouault, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jones and Liu, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture
ISSN (print)0044-8486
ScopeAquatic Science

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