How to format your references using the Aquaculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aquaculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brown, J.R., 2000. ESSAYS ON SCIENCE AND SOCIETY: Privatizing the University--the New Tragedy of the Commons. Science 290, 1701–1702.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fine, M., Tchernov, D., 2007. Scleractinian coral species survive and recover from decalcification. Science 315, 1811.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elion, E.A., Qi, M., Chen, W., 2005. Signal transduction. Signaling specificity in yeast. Science 307, 687–688.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, S., Xu, J., Wang, W., Wang, G.-J.N., Rastak, R., Molina-Lopez, F., Chung, J.W., Niu, S., Feig, V.R., Lopez, J., Lei, T., Kwon, S.-K., Kim, Y., Foudeh, A.M., Ehrlich, A., Gasperini, A., Yun, Y., Murmann, B., Tok, J.B.-H., Bao, Z., 2018. Skin electronics from scalable fabrication of an intrinsically stretchable transistor array. Nature 555, 83–88.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Das, J.C., 2015. Power System Harmonics and Passive Filter Designs. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Pehnt, M., 2006. Micro Cogeneration: Towards Decentralized Energy Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Bein, D., Datta, A.K., Sathyanarayanan, B.A., 2009. Efficient Broadcasting by Selective Forwarding, in: Papadopoulos, G.A., Badica, C. (Eds.), Intelligent Distributed Computing III: Proceedings of the 3rd International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing – IDC 2009, Ayia Napa, Cyprus,October 2009, Studies in Computational Intelligence. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aquaculture.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Enormous Japanese Sinkhole Fixed In Just One Week [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2011. Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Actions to Improve Security, but Additional Efforts Remain (No. GAO-11-807T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gupta, P., 2017. Enhanced acquisition of data in the presence of transfaulty nodes in a wireless sensor network (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dudziak, M.L., 2013. The Global March on Washington. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brown, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Brown, 2000; Fine and Tchernov, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fine and Tchernov, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleAquaculture
ISSN (print)0044-8486
ScopeAquatic Science

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