How to format your references using the The Computer Games Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Computer Games Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Korte, M. (2009). Neuroscience. Bridging the gap and staying local. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5934), 1527–1528.
A journal article with 2 authors
García-Sastre, A., & Biron, C. A. (2006). Type 1 interferons and the virus-host relationship: a lesson in détente. Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5775), 879–882.
A journal article with 3 authors
Geremia, J. M., Stockton, J. K., & Mabuchi, H. (2004). Real-time quantum feedback control of atomic spin-squeezing. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5668), 270–273.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jones, J. C., Myerscough, M. R., Graham, S., & Oldroyd, B. P. (2004). Honey bee nest thermoregulation: diversity promotes stability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5682), 402–404.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joglekar, A. M. (2010). Industrial Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Johnson, C. F. A. (2015). Shell Scripting Recipes: A Problem-Solution Approach. (J. Varma, Ed.) (Second Edition.). Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Bristow, T. (2016). Affective Edgelands: Wildness, History, and Technology in Britain’s Postindustrial and Postnatural Topographies. In R. T. Tally & C. M. Battista (Eds.), Ecocriticism and Geocriticism: Overlapping Territories in Environmental and Spatial Literary Studies (pp. 77–93). New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Computer Games Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2017, March 9). Scientific Theories Aren’t Mere Conjecture – to Survive They Must Work. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Highway Funding: Problems With Highway Trust Fund Information Can Affect State Highway Funds (No. RCED/AIMD-00-148). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coleman, J. M. (2012). Classroom management: Whose responsibility is it? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016, September 28). Coachella Classic. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Korte 2009).
This sentence cites two references (García-Sastre and Biron 2006; Korte 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (García-Sastre and Biron 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Jones et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Computer Games Journal
ISSN (online)2052-773X

Other styles