How to format your references using the The Computer Games Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Computer Games Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pourquié, O. (2003). The segmentation clock: converting embryonic time into spatial pattern. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5631), 328–330.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ravi, M., & Chan, S. W. L. (2010). Haploid plants produced by centromere-mediated genome elimination. Nature, 464(7288), 615–618.
A journal article with 3 authors
Burlaga, L. F., Ness, N. F., & Stone, E. C. (2013). Magnetic field observations as Voyager 1 entered the heliosheath depletion region. Science (New York, N.Y.), 341(6142), 147–150.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sefton, L., Timmer, J. R., Zhang, Y., Béranger, F., & Cline, T. W. (2000). An extracellular activator of the Drosophila JAK/STAT pathway is a sex-determination signal element. Nature, 405(6789), 970–973.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Phelan, J. (2013). Reading the American Novel 1920-2010. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Boschma, R. A., & Kloosterman, R. C. (Eds.). (2005). Learning from Clusters: A Critical Assessment from an Economic-Geographical Perspective (Vol. 80). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Runkler, T. A. (2010). Comparing Partitions by Subset Similarities. In E. Hüllermeier, R. Kruse, & F. Hoffmann (Eds.), Computational Intelligence for Knowledge-Based Systems Design: 13th International Conference on Information Processing and Management of Uncertainty, IPMU 2010, Dortmund, Germany, June 28 - July 2, 2010. Proceedings (pp. 29–38). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Computer Games Journal.

Blog post
Felton, J. (2017, May 22). This Guy Stopped The Biggest Ransomware Attack In History. This Was His Reward .. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs More Guidance on Decisions to Store Satellites (No. GAO-15-97R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hao, S. (2013). An Introduction to Discrete Minimal Surfaces via the Enneper Surface (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Firer, S. (2017, February 17). Repetition Works for the Moon. New York Times, p. MM15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pourquié 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Pourquié 2003; Ravi and Chan 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ravi and Chan 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Sefton et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Computer Games Journal
ISSN (online)2052-773X

Other styles