How to format your references using the Pediatric Dentistry Case Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Dentistry Case Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Nagaosa N. Physics. A new state of quantum matter. Science. 2007;318(5851):758-759.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Yen H-CS, Elledge SJ. Identification of SCF ubiquitin ligase substrates by global protein stability profiling. Science. 2008;322(5903):923-929.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Keith DW, Parson E, Morgan MG. Research on global sun block needed now. Nature. 2010;463(7280):426-427.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Haag SM, Gulen MF, Reymond L, et al. Targeting STING with covalent small-molecule inhibitors. Nature. 2018;559(7713):269-273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Valière J-C. Acoustic Particle Velocity Measurements Using Lasers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Ghosh S, ed. Models in Software Engineering: Workshops and Symposia at MODELS 2009, Denver, CO, USA, October 4-9, 2009, Reports and Revised Selected Papers. Vol 6002. Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bansaye V, Méléard S. Feller Diffusion with Random Catastrophes. In: Bansaye V, ed. Stochastic Models for Structured Populations: Scaling Limits and Long Time Behavior. Springer International Publishing; 2015:39-46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Dentistry Case Reports.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K. Eyes In The sky: Cutting NASA Earth Observations Would Be A Costly Mistake. IFLScience. Published December 5, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/space/eyes-in-the-sky-cutting-nasa-earth-observations-would-be-a-costly-mistake/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: IRS Needs to Improve Its Processes for Prioritizing and Reporting Performance of Investments. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Curtis KJ. Mozambican national anthems: Memory, performance, and nation-building. Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Greenhouse L. Abortion Case May Be Central In Confirmation. New York Times. November 1, 2005:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Dentistry Case Reports
ISSN (print)2352-5894
Scope

Other styles