How to format your references using the New Zealand Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Veterinary Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
LeBlanc LJ. Quantum physics: Two-atom bunching. Nature 520, 36–37, 2015
A journal article with 2 authors
Burton DR, Wilson IA. Immunology. Square-dancing antibodies. Science 317, 1507–1508, 2007
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng J, Wang Y, Li C. Transitional mammalian middle ear from a new Cretaceous Jehol eutriconodont. Nature 472, 181–185, 2011
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ma J, Wang Q, Sun R, Xie F, Jones DC, Zhang B. Genome-wide identification and expression analysis of TCP transcription factors in Gossypium raimondii. Sci. Rep. 4, 6645, 2014

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones NF. The JCT Major Project Form. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008
An edited book
Badr Y, Chbeir R, Abraham A, Hassanien A-E, editors. Emergent Web Intelligence: Advanced Semantic Technologies. Springer, London, 2010
A chapter in an edited book
Donald BR, Levey CG, Paprotny I, Rus D. Simultaneous Control of Multiple MEMS Microrobots. In: Chirikjian GS, Choset H, Morales M, Murphey T (eds) . Algorithmic Foundation of Robotics VIII: Selected Contributions of the Eight International Workshop on the Algorithmic Foundations of Robotics. Pp 69–84. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
Hale T. A Walrus Has Been Born In A Canadian Aquarium For The First Time. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018). IFLScience. 2016


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. K-12 Education: Federal Funding for and Characteristics of Public Schools with Extended Learning Time. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2015

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grefe SE. Plasmonic and topological insulator nanostructures and metamaterials nanoscale near-field investigations: Experiment and theory. California State University, Long Beach. 2013

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Higgins A. Trump’s Putin: Strength Seen as Top Virtue. New York Times. : A1, 2016

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (LeBlanc 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Burton and Wilson 2007; LeBlanc 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burton and Wilson 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Ma et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationN. Z. Vet. J.
ISSN (print)0048-0169
ISSN (online)1176-0710
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles