How to format your references using the New Zealand Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Veterinary Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Henzinger M. Search technologies for the internet. Science 317, 468–471, 2007
A journal article with 2 authors
Flint J, Mott R. Applying mouse complex-trait resources to behavioural genetics. Nature 456, 724–727, 2008
A journal article with 3 authors
Glasauer S, Langley S, Beveridge TJ. Intracellular iron minerals in a dissimilatory iron-reducing bacterium. Science 295, 117–119, 2002
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xu Y, Reid MJ, Zheng XW, Menten KM. The distance to the Perseus spiral arm in the Milky Way. Science 311, 54–57, 2006

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keene J. Clients with Complex Needs: Interprofessional Practice. Blackwell Science Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008
An edited book
Schlichter T, Montes L, editors. Forests in Development: A Vital Balance. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2012
A chapter in an edited book
Hadzigeorgiou Y. Young Children’s Ideas About Physical Science Concepts. In: Cabe Trundle K, Saçkes M (eds) . Research in Early Childhood Science Education. Pp 67–97. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2015

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
Hamilton K. Psychologist On Dating: There Are No Rules Of Attraction When It Comes To Meeting Your Match. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018). IFLScience. 2016


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federally Funded Research at Institutions of Higher Education, an E-supplement to GAO-04-31. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McCallister K. I Didn’t Mean to Show the Dirt. Southern Illinois University. 2015

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tackett M. Virginia Election May Hinge on Immigrants. Will They Vote? New York Times. : A17, 2017

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Henzinger 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Henzinger 2007; Flint and Mott 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Flint and Mott 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Xu et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationN. Z. Vet. J.
ISSN (print)0048-0169
ISSN (online)1176-0710
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles