How to format your references using the New Zealand Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Veterinary Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Christeson G. Journal club. A geophysicist ponders the mysteries of intraplate earthquakes. Nature 459, 755, 2009
A journal article with 2 authors
Cox P, Stephenson D. Climate change. A changing climate for prediction. Science 317, 207–208, 2007
A journal article with 3 authors
Husale S, Persson HHJ, Sahin O. DNA nanomechanics allows direct digital detection of complementary DNA and microRNA targets. Nature 462, 1075–1078, 2009
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang W, Tong Y, Wang H, Chen L, Ou L, Wang X, Liu G, Zhu Y. Emission of metals from pelletized and uncompressed biomass fuels combustion in rural household stoves in China. Sci. Rep. 4, 5611, 2014

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Molloy M, Larner W. Fashioning Globalisation. John Wiley & Sons, Oxford, 2013
An edited book
Tarn T-J, Chen S-B, Zhou C, editors. Robotic Welding, Intelligence and Automation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007
A chapter in an edited book
Wilbanks TJ, Fernandez S. Urban Systems As Place-Based Foci For Infrastructure Interactions. In: Wilbanks TJ, Fernandez S (eds) . Climate Change and Infrastructure, Urban Systems, and Vulnerabilities. Pp 41–54. Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC, 2014

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
Hale T. Here’s What Earth Would Look Like If Fossil Fuel Energy, Nuclear And Renewable Power Sources Were All Turned Off One By One. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018). IFLScience. 2016


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Career Education: Status and Needed Improvements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1976

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos J. Surviving Childhood Bullying: Impact on Psychosocial Well-Being in Adulthood. California State University, Long Beach. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW. Insurer Overbilled Medicare, Suit Says. New York Times. : B1, 2017

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Christeson 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Cox and Stephenson 2007; Christeson 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cox and Stephenson 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationN. Z. Vet. J.
ISSN (print)0048-0169
ISSN (online)1176-0710
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles