How to format your references using the New Zealand Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Veterinary Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Inan U. Atmospheric science. Gamma rays made on Earth. Science 307, 1054–1055, 2005
A journal article with 2 authors
Abbott A, Gitschel U. German scientists left in the cold as Berlin rejects rescue plan. Nature 406, 663–664, 2000
A journal article with 3 authors
Shelby RA, Smith DR, Schultz S. Experimental verification of a negative index of refraction. Science 292, 77–79, 2001
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lin S-H, Milošević MV, Covaci L, Jankó B, Peeters FM. Quantum rotor in nanostructured superconductors. Sci. Rep. 4, 4542, 2014

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pohanish RP, Greene SA. Wiley Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005
An edited book
David M, Gollasch S, editors. Global Maritime Transport and Ballast Water Management: Issues and Solutions. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2015
A chapter in an edited book
Böhm A, Jonsson M, Kunert K, Vinel A. Context-Aware Retransmission Scheme for Increased Reliability in Platooning Applications. In: Sikora A, Berbineau M, Vinel A, Jonsson M, Pirovano A, Aguado M (eds) . Communication Technologies for Vehicles: 6th International Workshop, Nets4Cars/Nets4Trains/Nets4Aircraft 2014, Offenburg, Germany, May 6-7, 2014. Proceedings. Pp 30–42. Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
Andrew E. How Yersinia Pestis Evolved its Ability to Kill Millions via Pneumonic Plague. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018). IFLScience. 2015


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Railroad Bridges and Tunnels: Federal Role in Providing Safety Oversight and Freight Infrastructure Investment Could Be Better Targeted. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Carroll WE. Leadership and emotional intelligence: Ability-based and mixed models of emotional intelligence as predictors of leadership performance across manager levels. Capella University. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L. Phone Surveillance, Falsehoods and Anonymous Sources. New York Times. : A16, 2017

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Inan 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott and Gitschel 2000; Inan 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Abbott and Gitschel 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Lin et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationN. Z. Vet. J.
ISSN (print)0048-0169
ISSN (online)1176-0710
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles