How to format your references using the New Zealand Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for New Zealand Veterinary Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ohlsson R. Genetics. Widespread monoallelic expression. Science 318, 1077–1078, 2007
A journal article with 2 authors
Goldfine H, Vance DE. Obituary: Konrad E. Bloch (1912-2000). Nature 409, 779, 2001
A journal article with 3 authors
Clanet C, Hersen F, Bocquet L. Secrets of successful stone-skipping. Nature 427, 29, 2004
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huber GW, Chheda JN, Barrett CJ, Dumesic JA. Production of liquid alkanes by aqueous-phase processing of biomass-derived carbohydrates. Science 308, 1446–1450, 2005

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mahlberg R, Gilles A, Läsch A. Hämatologie. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2004
An edited book
Bons PDD, Koehn D, Jessell MW, editors. Microdynamics Simulation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008
A chapter in an edited book
Yue J. Uplift Modeling Application and Methodology in Database Marketing. In: Hu M, Liu Y, Lin J (eds) . Topics in Applied Statistics: 2012 Symposium of the International Chinese Statistical Association. Pp 49–60. Springer, New York, NY, 2013

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for New Zealand Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
Fang J. Here’s How Scarce Wild Prey Must Be Before Big Cats Kill Livestock. IFLScience. (accessed 30 October 2018). IFLScience. 2015


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Capitation Support and Its Role in the Operation of Medical Schools. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1978

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Griffin MG. The lived experience of first line managers during planned organizational change: A phenomenological study of one firm in the residential construction industry. George Washington University. 2008

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J. Minneapolis Grapples With a Community Being Left Behind. New York Times. : A12, 2016

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ohlsson 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Goldfine and Vance 2001; Ohlsson 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goldfine and Vance 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Huber et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNew Zealand Veterinary Journal
AbbreviationN. Z. Vet. J.
ISSN (print)0048-0169
ISSN (online)1176-0710
ScopeGeneral Medicine
General Veterinary

Other styles