How to format your references using the Academic Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academic Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Christensen UR. A deep dynamo generating Mercury’s magnetic field. Nature. 2006;444:1056–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Yau ST, Vekilov PG. Quasi-planar nucleus structure in apoferritin crystallization. Nature. 2000;406:494–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bannard O, Kraman M, Fearon DT. Secondary replicative function of CD8+ T cells that had developed an effector phenotype. Science. 2009;323:505–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Valentine DL, Kessler JD, Redmond MC, Mendes SD, Heintz MB, Farwell C, et al. Propane respiration jump-starts microbial response to a deep oil spill. Science. 2010;330:208–11.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bakshi AB, Prasanna VK. Architecture-Independent Programming for Wireless Sensor Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1. Steels L, editor. Computational Issues in Fluid Construction Grammar: A New Formalism for the Representation of Lexicons and Grammars. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Liporace MF, de la Iglesia G. Perceived Parenting-Style: Its Central Role in Psychological Adjustment and Academic Achievement of Argentinean Students. In: Castro Solano A, editor. Positive Psychology in Latin America. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014. p. 63–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academic Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Diabetes Drug Boosts Fertility In Obese Female Mice [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Physical Infrastructure: Crosscutting Issues Planning Conference Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Oct. Report No.: GAO-02-139.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. DeSpain L. The relationship between police supervisor training and job satisfaction levels as reported by patrol officers [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Williams J. My Year in Reading. New York Times. 2016 Dec 19;BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademic Psychiatry
AbbreviationAcad. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)1042-9670
ISSN (online)1545-7230
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health

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