How to format your references using the Academic Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academic Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. McLaren A. Art imitates life. Science. 2000;288:1777.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Aychek T, Jung S. Immunology. The axis of tolerance. Science. 2014;343:1439–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bowman D, King G, Tapponnier P. Slip partitioning by elastoplastic propagation of oblique slip at depth. Science. 2003;300:1121–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Nidhin M, Vedhanayagam M, Sangeetha S, Kiran MS, Nazeer SS, Jayasree RS, et al. Fluorescent nanonetworks: a novel bioalley for collagen scaffolds and tissue engineering. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5968.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bisswanger H. Enzymkinetik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Poovendran R, Roy S, Wang C, editors. Secure Localization and Time Synchronization for Wireless Sensor and Ad Hoc Networks. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Shirouzu H. Learning Fractions Through Folding in an Elementary Face-to-Face Classroom. In: Suthers DD, Lund K, Rosé CP, Teplovs C, Law N, editors. Productive Multivocality in the Analysis of Group Interactions. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2013. p. 63–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academic Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Men and Women Could Use Different Cells to Process Pain [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Airline Competition: Strategies for Addressing Financial and Competitive Problems in the Airline Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Feb. Report No.: T-RCED-93-11.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Greene L. Perceptions Of Women Leaders In A Catholic Archdiocese: A Phenomenological Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. Shawn Mendes, at 18, Scores Second No. 1. New York Times. 2016 Oct 4;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademic Psychiatry
AbbreviationAcad. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)1042-9670
ISSN (online)1545-7230
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health

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