How to format your references using the Academic Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academic Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Turner W. Conservation. Sensing biodiversity. Science. 2014;346:301–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Schrag DP, Linsley BK. Paleoclimate. Corals, chemistry, and climate. Science. 2002;296:277–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Vignal C, Mathevon N, Mottin S. Audience drives male songbird response to partner’s voice. Nature. 2004;430:448–51.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pybus OG, Charleston MA, Gupta S, Rambaut A, Holmes EC, Harvey PH. The epidemic behavior of the hepatitis C virus. Science. 2001;292:2323–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Somjit N, Robertson I, Chongcheawchamnan M. Microwave and Millimetre-Wave Design for Wireless Communications. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Benth FE, Kholodnyi VA, Laurence P, editors. Quantitative Energy Finance: Modeling, Pricing, and Hedging in Energy and Commodity Markets. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Vadicherla T, Saravanan D. Textiles and Apparel Development Using Recycled and Reclaimed Fibers. In: Muthu SS, editor. Roadmap to Sustainable Textiles and Clothing: Eco-friendly Raw Materials, Technologies, and Processing Methods. Singapore: Springer; 2014. p. 139–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academic Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. How Much Sugar Is It OK To Eat? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Maritime Transportation: Implications of Using U.S. Liquefied-Natural-Gas Carriers for Exports. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Dec. Report No.: GAO-16-104.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Avila B. Comparison of paternal and maternal involvement in a government funded home-based intervention program: A multivariate analysis of parent gender, child gender and age of the child [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. Justices Stay Execution, A Signal to Lower Courts. New York Times. 2007 Oct 31;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademic Psychiatry
AbbreviationAcad. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)1042-9670
ISSN (online)1545-7230
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health

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