How to format your references using the Academic Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academic Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Battling the brain drain. Nature. 2002;415:3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gaudet J, Mango SE. Regulation of organogenesis by the Caenorhabditis elegans FoxA protein PHA-4. Science. 2002;295:821–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Day JMD, Pearson DG, Taylor LA. Highly siderophile element constraints on accretion and differentiation of the Earth-Moon system. Science. 2007;315:217–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Drews B, Roellig K, Menzies BR, Shaw G, Buentjen I, Herbert CA, et al. Ultrasonography of wallaby prenatal development shows that the climb to the pouch begins in utero. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1458.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Panek W, Wentworth T. Mastering Microsoft® Windows® 7 Administration. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1. Proulx T, editor. Structural Dynamics and Renewable Energy, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 28th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2010. New York, NY: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Chua BB, Bernardo DV, Verner J. Criteria for Estimating Effort for Requirements Changes. In: O’Connor RV, Baddoo N, Smolander K, Messnarz R, editors. Software Process Improvement: 15th European Conference, EuroSPI 2008, Dublin, Ireland, September 3-5, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 36–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academic Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. MBARI Researchers Describe Four New “Killer Sponges” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:“killer-sponges”/


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FAA Purchase Cards: Weak Controls Resulted in Instances of Improper and Wasteful Purchases and Missing Assets. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Mar. Report No.: GAO-03-405.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Hufnagel D. Search for the Cabibbo-Supressed D+ Meson Decays D+ → π+π 0 and D+ → K+ π0 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Shpigel B. N.H.L.’s Olympics Stance Leaves Players Cold. New York Times. 2017 Apr 5;B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademic Psychiatry
AbbreviationAcad. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)1042-9670
ISSN (online)1545-7230
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health

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