How to format your references using the Academic Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Academic Psychiatry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ball P. Triumph of the medieval mind. Nature. 2008;452:816–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Gervais WM, Norenzayan A. Analytic thinking promotes religious disbelief. Science. 2012;336:493–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Velikov V, Borick S, Angell CA. The glass transition of water, based on hyperquenching experiments. Science. 2001;294:2335–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Erwin SC, Zu L, Haftel MI, Efros AL, Kennedy TA, Norris DJ. Doping semiconductor nanocrystals. Nature. 2005;436:91–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Black R. Pragmatic Software Testing. Indianapolis, Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1. Baldoni M, Chopra AK, Son TC, Hirayama K, Torroni P, editors. PRIMA 2016: Principles and Practice of Multi-Agent Systems: 19th International Conference, Phuket, Thailand, August 22-26, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Conteh J, Riasat S, Begum S. Children Learning Multilingually in Home, Community and School Contexts in Britain. In: Schwartz M, Verschik A, editors. Successful Family Language Policy: Parents, Children and Educators in Interaction. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 83–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Academic Psychiatry.

Blog post
1. Davis J. Wild Boar In The Czech Republic Are Still Radioactive 30 Years After Chernobyl [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Drug Testing: Management Problems and Legal Challenges Facing DOT’s Industry Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989 Nov. Report No.: RCED-90-31.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Reyes J. Connections: A grant proposal for mothers struggling with substance abuse in the child welfare system [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Bilefsky D, Chan S. Dispute Over British Baby’s Fate Draws In President and Pope. New York Times. 2017 Jul 3;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAcademic Psychiatry
AbbreviationAcad. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)1042-9670
ISSN (online)1545-7230
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Psychiatry and Mental health

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