How to format your references using the The Clinical Neuropsychologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Clinical Neuropsychologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chyba, C. F. (2000). Energy for microbial life on Europa. Nature, 403(6768), 381–382.
A journal article with 2 authors
An, S. J., & Almers, W. (2004). Tracking SNARE complex formation in live endocrine cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 306(5698), 1042–1046.
A journal article with 3 authors
Touboul, M., Puchtel, I. S., & Walker, R. J. (2015). Tungsten isotopic evidence for disproportional late accretion to the Earth and Moon. Nature, 520(7548), 530–533.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sirajuddin, M., Farkasovsky, M., Hauer, F., Kühlmann, D., Macara, I. G., Weyand, M., Stark, H., & Wittinghofer, A. (2007). Structural insight into filament formation by mammalian septins. Nature, 449(7160), 311–315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaisler, S. H. (2005). Software Paradigms. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lee, C.-F. (2013). Statistics for Business and Financial Economics (J. C. Lee & A. C. Lee, Eds.; 3rd ed. 2013). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Meissner, D. (2013). Instruments to measure Foresight. In D. Meissner, L. Gokhberg, & A. Sokolov (Eds.), Science, Technology and Innovation Policy for the Future: Potentials and Limits of Foresight Studies (pp. 43–62). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Clinical Neuropsychologist.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, September 22). New Evidence Suggests Humans May Have Pushed The “Hobbit” People To Extinction. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2007). Air Traffic Control: FAA Reports Progress in System Acquisitions, but Changes in Performance Measurement Could Improve Usefulness of Information (GAO-08-42). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrison, C. (2009). Who am I? Identity formation of children in foster care: A curriculum development [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, June 20). Self-Representation by the Mentally Ill Is Curbed. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chyba, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (An & Almers, 2004; Chyba, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (An & Almers, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Touboul et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sirajuddin et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Clinical Neuropsychologist
AbbreviationClin. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)1385-4046
ISSN (online)1744-4144
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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