How to format your references using the The Clinical Neuropsychologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Clinical Neuropsychologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourne, J. (2000). ECOLOGY: Louisiana’s Vanishing Wetlands: Going, Going . Science (New York, N.Y.), 289(5486), 1860–1863.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer, L., & Lynch, G. (2010). Neuroscience. A Kantian view of space. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5985), 1487–1488.
A journal article with 3 authors
Croxall, J. P., Trathan, P. N., & Murphy, E. J. (2002). Environmental change and Antarctic seabird populations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5586), 1510–1514.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Najiminaini, M., Kaminska, B., St Lawrence, K., & Carson, J. J. L. (2014). Bolus tracking with nanofilter-based multispectral videography for capturing microvasculature hemodynamics. Scientific Reports, 4, 4737.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sarisky, D. (2012). Scriptural Interpretation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Daithankar, J. (2014). Transportation Management with SAP TM 9.0: A Hands-On Guide to Configuring, Implementing, and Optimizing SAP TM (T. Pandit, Ed.). Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Mathis, G., Beckh, S., & Görg, C. (2011). Lung Consolidation. In G. Mathis (Ed.), Chest Sonography (pp. 55–114). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Clinical Neuropsychologist.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2017, June 2). Ultra-Stable Perovskite Cells Signal Dawn Of A Solar Age. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Surface Transportation: Regional Distribution of Federal Highway Funds (RCED/HEHS-97-167R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, J. D. (2012). Disparity in healthcare among Black Americans in the United States, a review of the literature [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000, August 21). Lucky Loser in Qualifying Becomes Tired Winner of the Bronx Classic. New York Times, D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bourne, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Bourne, 2000; Palmer & Lynch, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer & Lynch, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Croxall et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Najiminaini et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Clinical Neuropsychologist
AbbreviationClin. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)1385-4046
ISSN (online)1744-4144
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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