How to format your references using the The Clinical Neuropsychologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Clinical Neuropsychologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Powell, K. (2005). Counting the cost. Nature, 434(7036), 1048–1049.
A journal article with 2 authors
Metzger, C. H., & Karrai, K. (2004). Cavity cooling of a microlever. Nature, 432(7020), 1002–1005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, W., Dunkle, J. A., & Cate, J. H. D. (2009). Structures of the ribosome in intermediate states of ratcheting. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5943), 1014–1017.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nomura, J., Busso, N., Ives, A., Matsui, C., Tsujimoto, S., Shirakura, T., … Yamanaka, Y. (2014). Xanthine oxidase inhibition by febuxostat attenuates experimental atherosclerosis in mice. Scientific Reports, 4, 4554.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fjeld, R. A., Eisenberg, N. A., & Compton, K. L. (2007). Quantitative Environmental Risk Analysis for Human Health. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Rikowski, R. (Ed.). (2011). Digitisation Perspectives (Vol. 46). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Hu, Z., & Hu, Z. (2013). The Supply and Demand Models Based on Electricity Consumption. In Zheng Hu (Ed.), Electricity Economics: Production Functions with Electricity (pp. 79–105). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Clinical Neuropsychologist.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013, November 1). Nikon’s 2013 Small World Photomicrography Winners Have Been Announced. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Pell Grants: How the Department of Education Estimates Program Costs (No. HRD-90-73BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, M. Y.-L. (2009). The intellectual origins of Lin Yutang’s cultural internationalism, 1928–1938 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2012, April 22). Adjusting a Waistline for a Wedding, but at What Cost? New York Times, p. ST19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Powell, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Metzger & Karrai, 2004; Powell, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Metzger & Karrai, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Zhang, Dunkle, & Cate, 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Nomura et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Clinical Neuropsychologist
AbbreviationClin. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)1385-4046
ISSN (online)1744-4144
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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