How to format your references using the The Clinical Neuropsychologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Clinical Neuropsychologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wells, T. N. C. (2010). Microbiology. Is the tide turning for new malaria medicines? Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5996), 1153–1154.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhang, W., & Luck, S. J. (2008). Discrete fixed-resolution representations in visual working memory. Nature, 453(7192), 233–235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kelber, A., Balkenius, A., & Warrant, E. J. (2002). Scotopic colour vision in nocturnal hawkmoths. Nature, 419(6910), 922–925.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ye, J., He, W., Wu, Q., Liu, H.-L., Zhang, X.-Q., Chen, Z.-Y., & Cheng, Z.-H. (2013). Determination of magnetic anisotropy constants in Fe ultrathin film on vicinal Si(111) by anisotropic magnetoresistance. Scientific Reports, 3, 2148.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huber, P. J. (2011). Data Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Leondes, C. T. (Ed.). (2005). Intelligent Knowledge-Based Systems: Business and Technology in the New Millennium. Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Verma, I. M. (2007). Short Abstracts – Session I. In F. D. di Fagagna, S. Chiocca, F. McBlane, & U. Cavallaro (Eds.), Advances in Molecular Oncology: Edited under the auspices of the European Institute of Oncology (IEO) and The FIRC Institute of Molecular Oncology Foundation (IFOM) (pp. 58–64). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Clinical Neuropsychologist.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, July 29). Anti-Vaccination Movement Turns Against Lifesaving Vitamin Shots. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2008 Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes (GAO-09-90R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ficchi, G. (2017). A Qualitative Inquiry: Parental Approaches and Expectations, What Role Does Disability Play? [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M., & Koblin, J. (2017, June 16). Kelly and NBC Quickly Land on the Hot Seat. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wells, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Wells, 2010; Zhang & Luck, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zhang & Luck, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Kelber et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Ye et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Clinical Neuropsychologist
AbbreviationClin. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)1385-4046
ISSN (online)1744-4144
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

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