How to format your references using the The Clinical Neuropsychologist citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Clinical Neuropsychologist. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Azim, E. (2014). Neuroscience. Shortcuts and checkpoints on the road to skilled movement. Science (New York, N.Y.), 346(6209), 554–555.
A journal article with 2 authors
Neumann, G. A., & Mazarico, E. (2009). Planetary science. Seeing the missing half. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5916), 885–887.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dean, R., Bonsall, M. B., & Pizzari, T. (2007). Evolution. Aging and sexual conflict. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5823), 383–384.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Grimm, N. B., Faeth, S. H., Golubiewski, N. E., Redman, C. L., Wu, J., Bai, X., & Briggs, J. M. (2008). Global change and the ecology of cities. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5864), 756–760.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Doerfler, W. (2007). Foreign DNA in Mammalian Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH.
An edited book
Riel, A., O’Connor, R., Tichkiewitch, S., & Messnarz, R. (Eds.). (2010). Systems, Software and Services Process Improvement: 17th European Conference, EuroSPI 2010, Grenoble, France, September 1-3, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 99). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Banichuk, N., Jeronen, J., Neittaanmäki, P., Saksa, T., & Tuovinen, T. (2014). Travelling Panels Made of Viscoelastic Material. In J. Jeronen, P. Neittaanmäki, T. Saksa, & T. Tuovinen (Eds.), Mechanics of Moving Materials (pp. 89–111). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Clinical Neuropsychologist.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, October 26). Some Species May Be Able To Rapidly Adapt To Environmental Change By Altering Gene Expression. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1995). Amtrak’s Northeast Corridor: Information on the Status and Cost of Needed Improvements (RCED-95-151BR). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Golf, F. (2012). Search for New Physics in a Final State with Same-Sign Dileptons, Jets, and Missing Transverse Energy at 7 TeV Center of Mass Energy [Doctoral dissertation]. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, August 30). Astros Returning To Houston. New York Times, B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Azim, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Azim, 2014; Neumann & Mazarico, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Neumann & Mazarico, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Dean et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Grimm et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Clinical Neuropsychologist
AbbreviationClin. Neuropsychol.
ISSN (print)1385-4046
ISSN (online)1744-4144
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Psychiatry and Mental health
Clinical Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology
Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology

Other styles