How to format your references using the eNeurologicalSci citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for eNeurologicalSci. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Conrad, Reproducibility: Don’t cry wolf, Nature. 523 (2015) 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.M. Reilly, T.D. White, Hypaxial motor patterns and the function of epipubic bones in primitive mammals, Science. 299 (2003) 400–402.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Råberg, D. Sim, A.F. Read, Disentangling genetic variation for resistance and tolerance to infectious diseases in animals, Science. 318 (2007) 812–814.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G.A. Wu, J. Terol, V. Ibanez, A. López-García, E. Pérez-Román, C. Borredá, C. Domingo, F.R. Tadeo, J. Carbonell-Caballero, R. Alonso, F. Curk, D. Du, P. Ollitrault, M.L. Roose, J. Dopazo, F.G. Gmitter, D.S. Rokhsar, M. Talon, Genomics of the origin and evolution of Citrus, Nature. 554 (2018) 311–316.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Ben Chouikha, Organizational Design for Knowledge Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
A. Moore, I. Drecki, eds., Geospatial Visualisation, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Adshead, T. Davies, Wise Restraints: Ethical Issues in the Coercion of Forensic Patients, in: B. Völlm, N. Nedopil (Eds.), The Use of Coercive Measures in Forensic Psychiatric Care: Legal, Ethical and Practical Challenges, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 69–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for eNeurologicalSci.

Blog post
B. Taub, Who Killed Ötzi The Iceman 5,300 Years Ago?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Commercial Space Transportation: Industry Trends, Government Challenges, and International Competitiveness Issues, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
N.-Q. Ton, A hierarchical wireless network architecture for building automation and control systems: Implementation and simulation study, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Back on the Mound, Harvey Has Issues With Command, New York Times. (2017) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleeNeurologicalSci
ISSN (print)2405-6502

Other styles