How to format your references using the eNeurologicalSci citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for eNeurologicalSci. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Bohannon, The Gonzo Scientist. Flunking Spore, Science. 322 (2008) 531.
A journal article with 2 authors
K.-Q. Zhang, X.Y. Liu, In situ observation of colloidal monolayer nucleation driven by an alternating electric field, Nature. 429 (2004) 739–743.
A journal article with 3 authors
N. Suzuki, M. Nishiura, Y. Wakatsuki, Isolation and structural characterization of 1-zirconacyclopent-3-yne, five-membered cyclic alkynes, Science. 295 (2002) 660–663.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Shan, Ø. Molberg, I. Parrot, F. Hausch, F. Filiz, G.M. Gray, L.M. Sollid, C. Khosla, Structural basis for gluten intolerance in celiac sprue, Science. 297 (2002) 2275–2279.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. MacIsaac, R. Langton, Gas Turbine Propulsion Systems, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2011.
An edited book
M. Fortis, The Automatic Packaging Machinery Sector in Italy and Germany, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Farnell, P.I. Crookes, Trade, in: P. Irwin Crookes (Ed.), The Politics of EU-China Economic Relations: An Uneasy Partnership, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016: pp. 69–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for eNeurologicalSci.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Stephen Hawking’s Interstellar Mission To Alpha Centauri Gets Help From NASA To Deal With Radiation, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Earth Observing System: Concerns Over NASA’s Basic Research Funding Strategy, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.N. Alnuaimi, The Outside-In Method for Sustainable Design Within the Built Environment Spatial Layers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Paulson, Spacey Apologizes After Accusation of Misconduct, New York Times. (2017) A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleeNeurologicalSci
ISSN (print)2405-6502

Other styles