How to format your references using the Software Quality Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Software Quality Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palmer, T. (2015). Modelling: Build imprecise supercomputers. Nature, 526(7571), 32–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kath, W. L., & Ottino, J. M. (2007). Chemistry. Rhythm engineering. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5833), 1857–1858.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richmond, B. J., Liu, Z., & Shidara, M. (2003). Neuroscience. Predicting future rewards. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5630), 179–180.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nelson, C. T., Gao, P., Jokisaari, J. R., Heikes, C., Adamo, C., Melville, A., et al. (2011). Domain dynamics during ferroelectric switching. Science (New York, N.Y.), 334(6058), 968–971.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
King, J. A., & Timacheff, S. (2008). Digital Photography for Dummies®. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Skibo, J. M. (2008). People and Things: A Behavioral Approach to Material Culture. (M. B. Schiffer, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Genz, A., & Bretz, F. (2009). Methods That Approximate the Integral. In F. Bretz (Ed.), Computation of Multivariate Normal and t Probabilities (pp. 29–54). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Software Quality Journal.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 17). 7 Strange And Surprising Ways That Humans Have Recently Evolved. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). Commercial Space Launch Insurance: Weakness in FAA’s Insurance Calculation May Expose the Federal Government to Excess Risk (No. GAO-17-366). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garbarini, L. (2017). Comparison of the Completion Pathways of Four Categories of Doctoral Students from a Midwestern University (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dominus, P. S. (2015, July 12). Cambio de vidas: Los hermanos perdidos de Bogotá. New York Times, p. MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palmer 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kath and Ottino 2007; Palmer 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kath and Ottino 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Nelson et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoftware Quality Journal
AbbreviationSoftw. Qual. J.
ISSN (print)0963-9314
ISSN (online)1573-1367
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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