How to format your references using the Software Quality Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Software Quality Journal (Software Qual J). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). Rewarding experience. Nature, 425(6960), 879.
A journal article with 2 authors
Steinman, R. M., & Banchereau, J. (2007). Taking dendritic cells into medicine. Nature, 449(7161), 419–426.
A journal article with 3 authors
Laxon, S., Peacock, N., & Smith, D. (2003). High interannual variability of sea ice thickness in the Arctic region. Nature, 425(6961), 947–950.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liutkus, A., Martina, D., Popoff, S., Chardon, G., Katz, O., Lerosey, G., et al. (2014). Imaging with nature: compressive imaging using a multiply scattering medium. Scientific reports, 4, 5552.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Upreti, S. R. (2017). Process Modeling and Simulation for Chemical Engineers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Choi, T.-M., & Cheng, T. C. E. (Eds.). (2015). Sustainable Fashion Supply Chain Management: From Sourcing to Retailing (Vol. 1). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Knopp, T., & Buzug, T. M. (2012). From Data to Images: Reconstruction. In T. M. Buzug (Ed.), Magnetic Particle Imaging: An Introduction to Imaging Principles and Scanner Instrumentation (pp. 127–148). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Software Quality Journal.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2015, October 15). Radio Telescope Shows Halos Are Common Around Spiral Galaxies. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Aviation Security: TSA Has Strengthened Efforts to Plan for the Optimal Deployment of Checked Baggage Screening Systems, but Funding Uncertainties Remain (No. GAO-06-875T). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duley, L. A. (2012). A Qualitative Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experiences of Women Remaining in Abusive Relationships (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2000, October 1). Selling Tea as Serenity, Not Snobbery. New York Times, p. 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reich 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Jablonski 2004; Koen 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Steinman and Banchereau 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Streit et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoftware Quality Journal
AbbreviationSoftw. Qual. J.
ISSN (print)0963-9314
ISSN (online)1573-1367
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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