How to format your references using the Software Quality Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Software Quality Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hamburg, M. A. (2012). Science and regulation. FDA’s approach to regulation of products of nanotechnology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 336(6079), 299–300.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shidara, M., & Richmond, B. J. (2002). Anterior cingulate: single neuronal signals related to degree of reward expectancy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5573), 1709–1711.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bard, E., Rostek, F., & Ménot-Combes, G. (2004). Paleoclimate. A better radiocarbon clock. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5655), 178–179.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, J., Wang, G., Zhu, H., Zhang, M., Zheng, X., Di, Z., et al. (2014). Antibacterial activity of large-area monolayer graphene film manipulated by charge transfer. Scientific reports, 4, 4359.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neuber, A., & Nuttall, T. (2017). Diagnostic Techniques in Veterinary Dermatology. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Mönch, L. (2013). Production Planning and Control for Semiconductor Wafer Fabrication Facilities: Modeling, Analysis, and Systems. (J. W. Fowler & S. J. Mason, Eds.) (Vol. 52). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Alhazov, A., Freund, R., & Verlan, S. (2015). Bridging Deterministic P Systems and Conditional Grammars. In G. Rozenberg, A. Salomaa, J. M. Sempere, & C. Zandron (Eds.), Membrane Computing: 16th International Conference, CMC 2015, Valencia, Spain, August 17-21, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 63–76). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Software Quality Journal.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, August 17). Diabetes Cases In The U.K. Up 60% In The Last Decade. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2014). Electronic Health Records: HHS Strategy to Address Information Exchange Challenges Lacks Specific Prioritized Actions and Milestones (No. GAO-14-242). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nolan, S. A. (2010). Ecopoetry and ecocentrism: The poetics of Wallace Stevens and William Carlos Williams (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, M. (2017, June 10). Ahead of Tonys, Watching Everything. New York Times, p. A2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hamburg 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hamburg 2012; Shidara and Richmond 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shidara and Richmond 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSoftware Quality Journal
AbbreviationSoftw. Qual. J.
ISSN (print)0963-9314
ISSN (online)1573-1367
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality

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