How to format your references using the The Ceylon Journal of Medical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Ceylon Journal of Medical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Moffatt HK. Euler’s disk and its finite-time singularity. Nature. 2000 Apr 20;404(6780):833–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mishima O, Suzuki Y. Propagation of the polyamorphic transition of ice and the liquid-liquid critical point. Nature. 2002 Oct 10;419(6907):599–603.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nugent FS, Penick EC, Kauer JA. Opioids block long-term potentiation of inhibitory synapses. Nature. 2007 Apr 26;446(7139):1086–90.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Aragón T, van Anken E, Pincus D, Serafimova IM, Korennykh AV, Rubio CA, et al. Messenger RNA targeting to endoplasmic reticulum stress signalling sites. Nature. 2009 Feb 5;457(7230):736–40.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Devolder P, Janssen J, Manca R. Stochastic Methods for Pension Funds. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2012.
An edited book
Theron LC, Liebenberg L, Ungar M, editors. Youth Resilience and Culture: Commonalities and Complexities. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. XX, 250 p. 6 illus. (Cross-Cultural Advancements in Positive Psychology; vol. 11).
A chapter in an edited book
Poth S. Changing Strategies and Control Systems at a German Insurance Company. In: Jannesson E, Nilsson F, Rapp B, editors. Strategy, Control and Competitive Advantage: Case Study Evidence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 107–37. (Management for Professionals).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Ceylon Journal of Medical Science.

Blog post
Luntz S. Physicists Have A New Theory On How The Egyptians Built The Pyramids. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Insurance: Issues Related to the Reauthorization of FAA’s Aviation Insurance Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 May. Report No.: T-RCED-97-115.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Geist C. The marriage economy: Examining the economic impact and the context of marriage in comparative perspective [Doctoral dissertation]. [Bloomington, IN]: Indiana University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B. Dozens Said To Be Killed In Bombing Of ISIS Prison. New York Times. 2017 Jun 27;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Ceylon Journal of Medical Science
AbbreviationCeylon J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)0011-2232

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