How to format your references using the The Ceylon Journal of Medical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Ceylon Journal of Medical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Makous W. Comment on “Emergence of novel color vision in mice engineered to express a human cone photopigment.” Science. 2007 Oct 12;318(5848):196; author reply 196.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yoon TP, Jacobsen EN. Privileged chiral catalysts. Science. 2003 Mar 14;299(5613):1691–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Riolo RL, Cohen MD, Axelrod R. Evolution of cooperation without reciprocity. Nature. 2001 Nov 22;414(6862):441–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Agaisse H, Burrack LS, Philips JA, Rubin EJ, Perrimon N, Higgins DE. Genome-wide RNAi screen for host factors required for intracellular bacterial infection. Science. 2005 Aug 19;309(5738):1248–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gregory J. Central Counterparties. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Hu A, Apblett A, editors. Nanotechnology for Water Treatment and Purification. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XVI, 373 p. 137 illus., 78 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Nanoscale Science and Technology; vol. 22).
A chapter in an edited book
Pongracz M, Spéder Z. Attitudes Towards Forms of Partnership. In: Höhn C, Avramov D, Kotowska IE, editors. People, Population Change and Policies: Lessons from the Population Policy Acceptance Study Vol 1: Family Change. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008. p. 93–112. (European Studies of Population).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Ceylon Journal of Medical Science.

Blog post
Hale T. Beaches In Tasmania Are Glowing A Bright Electric Blue [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Broadcast Television and Radio: Disclosure Requirements for Broadcasted Content. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014 Sep. Report No.: GAO-14-738.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bakhoda A. Synthesis and Electrochemistry of Ru(II) Vinylidenes [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch J. Finding a Home in the Sand. New York Times. 2016 Aug 8;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Ceylon Journal of Medical Science
AbbreviationCeylon J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)0011-2232

Other styles