How to format your references using the The Ceylon Journal of Medical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Ceylon Journal of Medical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Buckingham S. Exploring the public domain. Nature. 2004 Apr 15;428(6984):774.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Faccenna C, Becker TW. Shaping mobile belts by small-scale convection. Nature. 2010 Jun 3;465(7298):602–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hempson GP, Archibald S, Bond WJ. A continent-wide assessment of the form and intensity of large mammal herbivory in Africa. Science. 2015 Nov 27;350(6264):1056–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ruiz-Pérez NJ, Arriaga-Alba M, Sánchez-Navarrete J, Camacho-Carranza R, Hernández-Ojeda S, Espinosa-Aguirre JJ. Mutagenic and antimutagenic effects of Heterotheca inuloides. Sci Rep. 2014 Oct 23;4:6743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Ytterdal T, Cheng Y, Fjeldly TA. Device Modeling for Analog and RF CMOS Circuit Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2003.
An edited book
1.
Virvou M, Jain LC, editors. Intelligent Interactive Systems in Knowledge-Based Environments. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. XI, 200 p. (Studies in Computational Intelligence; vol. 104).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Davenport A. “Beauty Sleeping in the Lap of Horror”: Landscape Aesthetics and Gothic Pleasures, from The Castle of Otranto to Video Games. In: Yang SR, Healey K, editors. Gothic Landscapes: Changing Eras, Changing Cultures, Changing Anxieties. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 71–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Ceylon Journal of Medical Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. How Powerful Was A T. Rex’s Bite? Science Now Has An Answer For You.. [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/t-rexs-pulverizing-bite-force-equaled-the-weight-of-three-cars/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: Status of FAA’s Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Sep. Report No.: GAO-02-1071.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Watson KF. Persons and how we trace them: What Johnston got wrong [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines GG. In Comics World, Needy Have Heroes Of Their Own. New York Times. 2012 Nov 9;F12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Ceylon Journal of Medical Science
AbbreviationCeylon J. Med. Sci.
ISSN (print)0011-2232
Scope

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