How to format your references using the Annual Review of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T. 2005. Internet star shoots for a rocket revolution. Nature. 438(7069):736–37
A journal article with 2 authors
Channell R, Lomolino MV. 2000. Dynamic biogeography and conservation of endangered species. Nature. 403(6765):84–86
A journal article with 3 authors
Sezen UU, Chazdon RL, Holsinger KE. 2005. Genetic consequences of tropical second-growth forest regeneration. Science. 307(5711):891
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yean SL, Wuenschell G, Termini J, et al. 2000. Metal-ion coordination by U6 small nuclear RNA contributes to catalysis in the spliceosome. Nature. 408(6814):881–84

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abu-Jamous B, Fa R, Nandi AK. 2015. Integrative Cluster Analysis in Bioinformatics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Faure G. 2011. The Transantarctic Mountains: Rocks, Ice, Meteorites and Water. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. XXVI, 804 p. 307 illus., 182 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaillourdet J-M, Michel P, Poetzsch-Heffter A, et al. 2013. A Generic Functional Representation of Sorted Trees Supporting Attribution. In Programming Logics: Essays in Memory of Harald Ganzinger, ed A Voronkov, C Weidenbach, pp. 72–89. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2014. There Are Still People Who Believe The Earth Is Flat In The USA. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Metropolitan Washington Airports Authority: Contracting Practices Do Not Always Comply with Airport Lease Requirements. GAO-02-36, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey J. 2017. Predicting Cost-Inflicting Mate Retention Tactic Use in Women with Borderline Personality Features: Examining the Roles of Maladaptive Schemas and Reactive Aggression. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. 2017. ‘True Detective’ To Return on HBO. New York Times, Sep. 1, p. C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Medicine
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Med.
ISSN (print)0066-4219
ISSN (online)1545-326X
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

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