How to format your references using the Annual Review of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bertone G. 2010. The moment of truth for WIMP dark matter. Nature. 468(7322):389–93
A journal article with 2 authors
Pereira G, Schiebel E. 2003. Separase regulates INCENP-Aurora B anaphase spindle function through Cdc14. Science. 302(5653):2120–24
A journal article with 3 authors
Yang Z, Watanabe S, Kato T. 2013. The irradiation effect of a simultaneous laser and electron dual-beam on void formation. Sci. Rep. 3:1201
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lee CT, Yin Q, Rudnick RL, et al. 2001. Preservation of ancient and fertile lithospheric mantle beneath the southwestern United States. Nature. 411(6833):69–73

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson JB, Johannesson R. 2005. Understanding Information Transmission. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Djokić SS, ed. 2012. Electrochemical Production of Metal Powders, Vol. 54. Boston, MA: Springer US. XI, 403 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Gong S, Barrie LA. 2009. The Distribution of Atmospheric Aerosols: Transport, Transformation and Removal. In Aerosol Pollution Impact on Precipitation: A Scientific Review, ed Z Levin, WR Cotton, pp. 91–141. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Medicine.

Blog post
Andrews R. 2016. Dam It: Hydroelectric Power Plants Are Releasing Huge Amounts Of Greenhouse Gases. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2017. FirstNet: Efforts to Establish the Public-Safety Broadband Network. GAO-17-702T, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos CM. 2017. Is this working? A study on measuring the effectiveness of efforts to diversify the theatre management field. Doctoral dissertation thesis. California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cordes K. 2015. Mountaineering’s Greatest Climb Unravels. New York Times, Feb. 22, p. SR5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Medicine
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Med.
ISSN (print)0066-4219
ISSN (online)1545-326X
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles