How to format your references using the Annual Review of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Thor S. 2013. Neuroscience: stem cells in multiple time zones. Nature. 498(7455):441–43
A journal article with 2 authors
Montpetit B, Weis K. 2012. Cell biology. An alternative route for nuclear mRNP export by membrane budding. Science. 336(6083):809–10
A journal article with 3 authors
Ellis AS, Johnson TM, Bullen TD. 2002. Chromium isotopes and the fate of hexavalent chromium in the environment. Science. 295(5562):2060–62
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jacchetti E, Di Rienzo C, Meucci S, et al. 2014. Wharton’s Jelly human mesenchymal stem cell contact guidance by noisy nanotopographies. Sci. Rep. 4:3830

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gwynne A. 2013. Guide to Building Control. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell
An edited book
Mitchell DA, Berovič M, Krieger N, eds. 2006. Solid-State Fermentation Bioreactors: Fundamentals of Design and Operation. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. XXXVIII, 448 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Neckers L, Ivy P. 2008. 17-AAG. In Molecular Targeting in Oncology, ed HL Kaufman, S Wadler, K Antman, pp. 75–95. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Medicine.

Blog post
Luntz S. 2015. Bacteria Can Make Zero-Viscosity Superfluids. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1974. Free Shuttle Service for Commuting Employees on Mississippi River, New Orleans, Louisiana. B-159695, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grace-McCaskey CA. 2012. Fishermen, Politics, and Participation: An Ethnographic Examination of Commercial Fisheries Management in St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Doctoral dissertation thesis. University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tommasini A. 2017. A Rich Revival for a Chilling Drama. New York Times, May 7, p. C6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Medicine
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Med.
ISSN (print)0066-4219
ISSN (online)1545-326X
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles