How to format your references using the Annual Review of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annual Review of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bruno JF. 2014. Ecology. How do coral reefs recover? Science. 345(6199):879–80
A journal article with 2 authors
Doubleday R, Wilsdon J. 2012. Science policy: Beyond the great and good. Nature. 485(7398):301–2
A journal article with 3 authors
Core LJ, Waterfall JJ, Lis JT. 2008. Nascent RNA sequencing reveals widespread pausing and divergent initiation at human promoters. Science. 322(5909):1845–48
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Klimov VI, Ivanov SA, Nanda J, et al. 2007. Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals. Nature. 447(7143):441–46

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rangarao KV, Mallik RK. 2006. Digital Signal Processing. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd
An edited book
Monga M, ed. 2013. Ureteroscopy: Indications, Instrumentation & Technique. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press. XXII, 470 p. 158 illus., 100 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Betz UAK, Camacho N, Gerards M, et al. 2014. Grassroots Innovation: A Promising Innovation Paradigm for Pharmaceutical Companies. In Innovation and Marketing in the Pharmaceutical Industry: Emerging Practices, Research, and Policies, ed M Ding, J Eliashberg, S Stremersch, pp. 119–48. New York, NY: Springer

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annual Review of Medicine.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2016. Hubble Snaps Gorgeous View Of A Cosmic Microwave Laser. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2016. Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Is Working to Ensure Continuity but Needs to Quickly Address Information Security Weaknesses and Future Program Uncertainties. GAO-16-359, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pierce ZD. 2016. The relationship between nursing instructors’ transformational leadership behaviors in the clinical learning environment and associate degree nursing students’ communication apprehension. Doctoral dissertation thesis. Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. 2013. Monopoly Goes Corporate. New York Times, Aug. 25, p. SR12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1, 1–3).

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnual Review of Medicine
AbbreviationAnnu. Rev. Med.
ISSN (print)0066-4219
ISSN (online)1545-326X
ScopeGeneral Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
General Medicine

Other styles