How to format your references using the The Central African Journal of Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Central African Journal of Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Powell K. Stars in the making. Nature. 2004 Jun 17;429(6993):786–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Brimioulle R, Bach T. Enantioselective Lewis acid catalysis of intramolecular enone [2+2] photocycloaddition reactions. Science. 2013 Nov 15;342(6160):840–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sadqi M, Fushman D, Muñoz V. Atom-by-atom analysis of global downhill protein folding. Nature. 2006 Jul 20;442(7100):317–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Stensmyr MC, Urru I, Collu I, Celander M, Hansson BS, Angioy A-M. Pollination: Rotting smell of dead-horse arum florets. Nature. 2002 Dec 12;420(6916):625–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Goldstein AP. The Psychology of Group Aggression. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Rinderle-Ma S, Toumani F, Wolf K, editors. Business Process Management: 9th International Conference, BPM 2011, Clermont-Ferrand, France, August 30 - September 2, 2011. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. 420 p. 129 illus., 84 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 6896).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Field WE, Tormoehlen RL. Education and Training as Intervention Strategies. In: Lessenger JE, editor. Agricultural Medicine: A Practical Guide. New York, NY: Springer; 2006. p. 42–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Central African Journal of Medicine.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Genetic Study Reveals The Surprising Ancestry Of Ancient Egyptians [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/genetic-study-reveals-the-surprising-ancestry-of-ancient-egyptians/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: FBI Is Taking Steps to Develop an Enterprise Architecture, but Much Remains to Be Accomplished. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Sep. Report No.: GAO-05-363.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Travis MJ. The relationship between a connections math class and math Criterion Referenced Competency Test scores [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J. This is Glam Rock. New York Times. 2016 Nov 28;BR48.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Central African Journal of Medicine
AbbreviationCent. Afr. J. Med.
ISSN (print)0008-9176
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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