How to format your references using the Journal of Interventional Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Interventional Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Psaltis D. Coherent optical information systems. Science. 2002;298(5597):1359-1363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kunz W, Kellermeier M. Materials science. Beyond biomineralization. Science. 2009;323(5912):344-345.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ellwood MJ, Wille M, Maher W. Glacial silicic acid concentrations in the Southern Ocean. Science. 2010;330(6007):1088-1091.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chu P, Chen DP, Wang YL, et al. Kinetics of 90° domain wall motions and high frequency mesoscopic dielectric response in strained ferroelectrics: a phase-field simulation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kesidis G. An Introduction to Communication Network Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
Ismail N, Yong Cieh EL, eds. Beyond Data Protection: Strategic Case Studies and Practical Guidance. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Setaro S, Suárez JP, Herrera P, Cruz D, Kottke I. Distinct but Closely Related Sebacinales form Mycorrhizae with Coexisting Ericaceae and Orchidaceae in a Neotropical Mountain Area. In: Varma A, Kost G, Oelmüller R, eds. Piriformospora Indica: Sebacinales and Their Biotechnological Applications. Soil Biology. Springer; 2013:81-105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Interventional Medicine.

Blog post
Hale T. Bigger Wine Glasses Makes People Drink Significantly More. IFLScience. Published June 7, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. High-Speed Passenger Rail: Preliminary Assessment of California’s Cost Estimates and Other Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hambarsoomian H. Classification of Placental Chorionic Surface Vasculature Network Features Using Machine Learning Techniques. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nossiter A. Rare Supreme Court Stay Halts a Texas Execution. New York Times. September 28, 2007:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Interventional Medicine
ISSN (print)2096-3602

Other styles