How to format your references using the Journal of Chinese Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chinese Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Serageldin I. The rice genome. World poverty and hunger--the challenge for science. Science. 2002 Apr 5;296(5565):54–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Booth B, Bellouin N. Climate change: Black carbon and atmospheric feedbacks. Nature. 2015 Mar 12;519(7542):167–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clayton JD, Kyriacou CP, Reppert SM. Keeping time with the human genome. Nature. 2001 Feb 15;409(6822):829–31.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hu Q-H, Sun L-G, Xie Z-Q, Emslie SD, Liu X-D. Increase in penguin populations during the Little Ice Age in the Ross Sea, Antarctica. Sci. Rep. 2013;3:2472.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Collins D. Magic in the Ancient Greek World. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2008.
An edited book
O’Brien H, Cairns P, editors. Why Engagement Matters: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives of User Engagement in Digital Media. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Vashchenko V, Scholz M. Latch-up at System-Level Stress. In: Scholz M, editor. System Level ESD Protection. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 199–245.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chinese Management.

Blog post
Andrew D. Science-Backed Ways To Improve Your Wi-Fi Signal At Home [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980 Set the Stage for Uniform Patent Practice by Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 May. Report No.: PAD-82-32.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Necaise KW. Effects of soybean-derived phytoestrogens on reproductive tract development in neonatal male and female pigs: Animal model for the human infant [Doctoral dissertation]. [Mississippi State, MS]: Mississippi State University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tackett M. As Well-Educated Leave, Iowa’s Shift to G.O.P. Is a Matter of Degree. New York Times. 2017 Oct 14;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Serageldin 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Booth and Bellouin 2015; Serageldin 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Booth and Bellouin 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chinese Management
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Manag.
ISSN (online)2195-9897

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