How to format your references using the Journal of Chinese Management citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Chinese Management. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hellstrom J. Anthropology. Absolute dating of cave art. Science. 2012 Jun 15;336(6087):1387–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bergink S, Jentsch S. Principles of ubiquitin and SUMO modifications in DNA repair. Nature. 2009 Mar 26;458(7237):461–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Klaholz BP, Myasnikov AG, Van Heel M. Visualization of release factor 3 on the ribosome during termination of protein synthesis. Nature. 2004 Feb 26;427(6977):862–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Pethe K, Alonso S, Biet F, Delogu G, Brennan MJ, Locht C, et al. The heparin-binding haemagglutinin of M. tuberculosis is required for extrapulmonary dissemination. Nature. 2001 Jul 12;412(6843):190–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsch R. Convergence. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Chao K-M. Sequence Comparison: Theory and Methods. Zhang L, editor. London: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Kaski P, Östergård PRJ. Auxiliary Algorithms. In: Östergård PRJ, editor. Classification Algorithms for Codes and Designs. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 145–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Chinese Management.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Elon Musk Reveals His “Master Plan” To Rule The Electric World [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Legislative Developments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Jan. Report No.: 132007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miller C. Assembly and analysis of an Sp185/333 gene cluster from the purple sea urchin: Putative evidence for microsatellite-mediated gene and segmental duplication [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. Yourself Esq. New York Times. 1997 Nov 16;143.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yoho 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Boothroyd 2006; Kreeger 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bergink and Jentsch 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Tsukahara et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Chinese Management
AbbreviationJ. Chin. Manag.
ISSN (online)2195-9897

Other styles