How to format your references using the The Cell Surface citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Cell Surface. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benton, M.J., 2014. Evolution. How birds became birds. Science 345, 508–509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weis, V.M., Allemand, D., 2009. Physiology. What determines coral health? Science 324, 1153–1155.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wake, H., Lee, P.R., Fields, R.D., 2011. Control of local protein synthesis and initial events in myelination by action potentials. Science 333, 1647–1651.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Coureux, P.-D., Wells, A.L., Ménétrey, J., Yengo, C.M., Morris, C.A., Sweeney, H.L., Houdusse, A., 2003. A structural state of the myosin V motor without bound nucleotide. Nature 425, 419–423.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety, 2010. Guidelines for Chemical Process Quantitative Risk Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jonker, W., Petković, M. (Eds.), 2006. Secure Data Management: Third VLDB Workshop, SDM 2006, Seoul, Korea, September 10-11, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Skowron, P., Rzadca, K., 2014. Fair Share Is Not Enough: Measuring Fairness in Scheduling with Cooperative Game Theory, in: Wyrzykowski, R., Dongarra, J., Karczewski, K., Waśniewski, J. (Eds.), Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics: 10th International Conference, PPAM 2013, Warsaw, Poland, September 8-11, 2013, Revised Selected Papers, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 38–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Cell Surface.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Beautiful Photography Of Russia’s Once Secretive Cosmonaut Camps [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1995. Federal Research: Information on Fees for Selected Federally Funded Research and Development Centers (No. RCED-96-31FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
HaMai, T., 2014. The “other” women: What about the experiences of women faculty of color in community colleges? (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Casselman, B., 2017. Wealth Grew Broadly Over 3 Years, but Inequality Also Widened. New York Times B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benton, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Benton, 2014; Weis and Allemand, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weis and Allemand, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Coureux et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Cell Surface
ISSN (print)2468-2330

Other styles