How to format your references using the The Cell Surface citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Cell Surface. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernardini, E., 2011. Astronomy. Astronomy in the time domain. Science 331, 686–687.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simmons, E.M., Hartwig, J.F., 2012. Catalytic functionalization of unactivated primary C-H bonds directed by an alcohol. Nature 483, 70–73.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jensen, R.B., Carreira, A., Kowalczykowski, S.C., 2010. Purified human BRCA2 stimulates RAD51-mediated recombination. Nature 467, 678–683.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ogawa, N., Hoshisashi, K., Sekiguchi, H., Ichiyanagi, K., Matsushita, Y., Hirohata, Y., Suzuki, S., Ishikawa, A., Sasaki, Y.C., 2013. Tracking 3D picometer-scale motions of single nanoparticles with high-energy electron probes. Sci. Rep. 3, 2201.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ginena, K., Hamid, A., 2015. Foundations of Sharī‘ah Governance of Islamic Banks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Hou, Z. (Ed.), 2012. Measuring Technology and Mechatronics Automation in Electrical Engineering, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Van Grembergen, W., De Haes, S., 2009. The IT Balanced Scorecard as a Framework for Enterprise Governance of IT, in: Van Grembergen, W. (Ed.), Enterprise Governance of Information Technology: Achieving Strategic Alignment and Value. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 111–136.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Cell Surface.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Forget Lab-Grown Meat, Eating Insects Is Best For The Planet [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Federal Vehicle Collisions and Aftermarket Collision Avoidance Technologies (No. GAO-14-408R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yamada, T., 2008. Comparison of cognitively diagnostic adaptive testing algorithms (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenberg, E., Southall, A., 2016. De Blasio Calls Police Shooting ‘Unacceptable.’ New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernardini, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Bernardini, 2011; Simmons and Hartwig, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simmons and Hartwig, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Ogawa et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Cell Surface
ISSN (print)2468-2330

Other styles