How to format your references using the The Cell Surface citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Cell Surface. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Subrahmanian, V.S., 2007. Computer science. Cultural modeling in real time. Science 317, 1509–1510.
A journal article with 2 authors
Navarro, A., Barton, N.H., 2003. Chromosomal speciation and molecular divergence--accelerated evolution in rearranged chromosomes. Science 300, 321–324.
A journal article with 3 authors
Green, S.A., Simoes-Costa, M., Bronner, M.E., 2015. Evolution of vertebrates as viewed from the crest. Nature 520, 474–482.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Parker, A.R., McPhedran, R.C., McKenzie, D.R., Botten, L.C., Nicorovici, N.A., 2001. Photonic engineering. Aphrodite’s iridescence. Nature 409, 36–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reschetilowski, W., 2002. Technisch-Chemisches Praktikum. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Agosti, M., Esposito, F., Ferilli, S., Ferro, N. (Eds.), 2013. Digital Libraries and Archives: 8th Italian Research Conference, IRCDL 2012, Bari, Italy, February 9-10, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Lakshmikantham, V., Leela, S., Martynyuk, A.A., 2015. Stability In The Models of Real World Phenomena, in: Leela, S., Martynyuk, A.A. (Eds.), Stability Analysis of Nonlinear Systems, Systems & Control: Foundations & Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 253–309.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Cell Surface.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. The Secret of the World’s Smelliest Flower [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Control of the National Science Foundation Peer Review Study (No. HRD-77-67). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahimi, R.M., 2014. Investigation of Porosity Evolution and Orthotropic Axes on Anisotropic Materials (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman, M.M., 2011. Packard, 81, Is a Youngster to Its Driver. New York Times AU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Subrahmanian, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Navarro and Barton, 2003; Subrahmanian, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Navarro and Barton, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Parker et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Cell Surface
ISSN (print)2468-2330

Other styles