How to format your references using the The Cell Surface citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Cell Surface. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knott, G., 2015. Neurodegeneration: Cold shock protects the brain. Nature 518, 177–178.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koo, H.-J., Velev, O.D., 2013. Regenerable photovoltaic devices with a hydrogel-embedded microvascular network. Sci. Rep. 3, 2357.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi, Y., Sipp, D., Enomoto, H., 2013. Tissue interactions in neural crest cell development and disease. Science 341, 860–863.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Arvidson, R.E., Poulet, F., Bibring, J.-P., Wolff, M., Gendrin, A., Morris, R.V., Freeman, J.J., Langevin, Y., Mangold, N., Bellucci, G., 2005. Spectral reflectance and morphologic correlations in eastern Terra Meridiani, Mars. Science 307, 1591–1594.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hitchner, J.R., 2017. Financial Valuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Scadding, G.K., Bull, P.D., Graham, J.M. (Eds.), 2007. Pediatric ENT. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Arking, R., 2009. The Genetic Architecture of Longevity, in: Sell, C., Lorenzini, A., Brown-Borg, H.M. (Eds.), Life-Span Extension: Single-Cell Organisms to Man. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 59–73.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Cell Surface.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. New Species Of Human Discovered In South Africa [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1990. Loma Prieta Earthquake: Collapse of the Bay Bridge and the Cypress Viaduct (No. RCED-90-177). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sowers, P.A., 2012. “Klanaheim”: Suburbia, civic identity, and the second Ku Klux Klan (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman, J.L., 2016. A Funky Place to Land in Hollywood. New York Times TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Knott, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Knott, 2015; Koo and Velev, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koo and Velev, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Arvidson et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Cell Surface
ISSN (print)2468-2330

Other styles