How to format your references using the The Cell Surface citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Cell Surface. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Minelli, A., 2004. Developmental biology. Bits and pieces. Science 306, 1693–1694.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benton, M.J., Ayala, F.J., 2003. Dating the tree of life. Science 300, 1698–1700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tay, Y., Rinn, J., Pandolfi, P.P., 2014. The multilayered complexity of ceRNA crosstalk and competition. Nature 505, 344–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yamaguchi, Y., Suzuki, M., Motoyama, T., Sugii, S., Katagiri, C., Takahira, K., Ikeda, S., Yamada, H., Nakayama, K.-I., 2014. Photoprecursor approach as an effective means for preparing multilayer organic semiconducting thin films by solution processes. Sci. Rep. 4, 7151.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rizzi, T.E., Valenciano, A., Bowles, M., Cowell, R., Tyler, R., DeNicola, D.B., 2017. Atlas of Canine and Feline Urinalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Gilmer, P.J., Tansel, B., Miller, M.H. (Eds.), 2014. Alliances for Advancing Academic Women: Guidelines for Collaborating in STEM Fields, Bold Visions in Educational Research. SensePublishers, Rotterdam.
A chapter in an edited book
Mendels, P., Frens, J., 2008. The Audio Adventurer: Design of a Portable Audio Adventure Game, in: Markopoulos, P., Ruyter, B. de, IJsselsteijn, W., Rowland, D. (Eds.), Fun and Games: Second International Conference, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, October 20-21, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 46–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Cell Surface.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2017. Smackdown! Venomous Fish Deal Drugs On Coral Reefs [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1998. District of Columbia Public Schools: Enrollment Count Still Appears Vulnerable to Errors (No. T-HEHS-98-91). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Funderburk, J., 2010. Modern Variation in Predation Intensity: Constraints on Assessing Predator-Prey Relationships in Paleoecologic Reconstructions (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Wimbledon’s Qualifying Tournament Is Both 3½ Miles and a World Away. New York Times B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Minelli, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Benton and Ayala, 2003; Minelli, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benton and Ayala, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamaguchi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Cell Surface
ISSN (print)2468-2330

Other styles