How to format your references using the The Cell Surface citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Cell Surface. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Staunton, H., 2008. Arousal by stimulation of deep-brain nuclei. Nature 452, E1; discussion E1-2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gasteiger, H.A., Marković, N.M., 2009. Chemistry. Just a dream--or future reality? Science 324, 48–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gravina, B., Mellars, P., Ramsey, C.B., 2005. Radiocarbon dating of interstratified Neanderthal and early modern human occupations at the Chatelperronian type-site. Nature 438, 51–56.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kasturi, S.P., Skountzou, I., Albrecht, R.A., Koutsonanos, D., Hua, T., Nakaya, H.I., Ravindran, R., Stewart, S., Alam, M., Kwissa, M., Villinger, F., Murthy, N., Steel, J., Jacob, J., Hogan, R.J., García-Sastre, A., Compans, R., Pulendran, B., 2011. Programming the magnitude and persistence of antibody responses with innate immunity. Nature 470, 543–547.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wegener, E., 2003. Montagegerechte Anlagenplanung. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Papadrakakis, M., Fragiadakis, M., Plevris, V. (Eds.), 2013. Computational Methods in Earthquake Engineering: Volume 2, Computational Methods in Applied Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
McBride, W.S., 2010. African-American Women, Power, and Freedom in the Contested Landscape of Camp Nelson, Kentucky, in: Baugher, S., Spencer-Wood, S.M. (Eds.), Archaeology and Preservation of Gendered Landscapes. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 95–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Cell Surface.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016. Time-Lapse Of Bird’s Nest Has An Unexpected Ending [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. NASA: Status of Achieving Key Outcomes and Addressing Major Management Challenges (No. GAO-01-868). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hutter-Thomas, S., 2017. Sociocultural Evolution: An Examination of Unorthodox Elective Body Modification (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vlasic, B., Chapman, M.M., 2015. Smaller Pay Gap in New Contract at Fiat Chrysler. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Staunton, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Gasteiger and Marković, 2009; Staunton, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gasteiger and Marković, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Kasturi et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Cell Surface
ISSN (print)2468-2330

Other styles