How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G. Vogel, “DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY: Brain Cells Turning Over a New Leaf,” Science, vol. 289, no. 5485, p. 1666a, Sep. 2000.
A journal article with 2 authors
W.-H. Tham and A. T. Kennedy, “Malaria: a master lock for deadly parasites,” Nature, vol. 522, no. 7555, pp. 158–159, Jun. 2015.
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Roy, T. H. Jordan, and J. Pederson, “Colorado Plateau magmatism and uplift by warming of heterogeneous lithosphere,” Nature, vol. 459, no. 7249, pp. 978–982, Jun. 2009.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. I. Bidartondo et al., “Epiparasitic plants specialized on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6905, pp. 389–392, Sep. 2002.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arthur D. Little, Inc., Making EHS an Integral Part of Process Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
A. Perneczky, Keyhole Approaches in Neurosurgery: Volume I Concept and surgical technique. Vienna: Springer, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
C. Barry and A. Torres, “‘Calling Passengers’ — An Ethical Problem in the Design of Self-Service Web Sites Amongst Low-Cost Airlines in Ireland,” in Information Systems Development: Challenges in Practice, Theory, and Education Volume 2, C. Barry, M. Lang, W. Wojtkowski, K. Conboy, and G. Wojtkowski, Eds. Boston, MA: Springer US, 2009, pp. 637–650.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “The Universe’s Most Miraculous Molecule,” IFLScience, Oct. 10, 2015. (accessed Oct. 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Reasons for Funding Selected Entitlements Programs by Other Than 1-Year Appropriations,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, PAD-78-46b, Jul. 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. C. Jekanowski, “District Leadership and Systemic Inclusion: A Case Study of One Inclusive and Effective School District,” Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Eligon, “Trauma, and Red Tape, in Las Vegas,” New York Times, p. A2, Oct. 09, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Dependable Secure Comput.
ISSN (print)1545-5971
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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