How to format your references using the IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. H. Flight, “Drug discovery: Structure-led design,” Nature, vol. 502, no. 7471, pp. S50-2, Oct. 2013.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Hedwig and J. F. A. Poulet, “Complex auditory behaviour emerges from simple reactive steering,” Nature, vol. 430, no. 7001, pp. 781–785, Aug. 2004.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Zákány, M. Kmita, and D. Duboule, “A dual role for Hox genes in limb anterior-posterior asymmetry,” Science, vol. 304, no. 5677, pp. 1669–1672, Jun. 2004.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Pommier et al., “Unresolved endoplasmic reticulum stress engenders immune-resistant, latent pancreatic cancer metastases,” Science, vol. 360, no. 6394, Jun. 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. M. Bragg, The New CEO Corporate Leadership Manual. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011.
An edited book
S. H. Christensen, C. Didier, A. Jamison, M. Meganck, C. Mitcham, and B. Newberry, Eds., International Perspectives on Engineering Education: Engineering Education and Practice in Context, Volume 1, vol. 20. in Philosophy of Engineering and Technology, vol. 20. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Sahri, M. Ouziri, and S. Benbernou, “Summary-Based Pattern Tableaux Generation for Conditional Functional Dependencies in Distributed Data,” in Database and Expert Systems Applications: 25th International Conference, DEXA 2014, Munich, Germany, September 1-4, 2014. Proceedings, Part I, H. Decker, L. Lhotská, S. Link, M. Spies, and R. R. Wagner, Eds., in Lecture Notes in Computer Science. , Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 50–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for IEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing.

Blog post
R. Andrews, “World’s First Robot Lawyer Helps 160,000 People Void Their Parking Tickets,” IFLScience. Accessed: Oct. 30, 2018. [Online]. Available:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, “Transportation Security Information Sharing: Results of GAO’s Survey of Stakeholder Satisfaction with TSA Products and Mechanisms (GAO-14-488SP, June 2014), an E-supplement to GAO-14-506,” U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, GAO-14-488SP, Jun. 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Banerjee, “A mathematical model for the transition in firing patterns across puberty of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuron,” Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, “Watching the World, Never Mind the Cars, Go By,” New York Times, p. 145, Aug. 27, 2000.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1], [2].
This sentence cites four references [1]–[4].

About the journal

Full journal titleIEEE Transactions on Dependable and Secure Computing
AbbreviationIEEE Trans. Dependable Secure Comput.
ISSN (print)1545-5971
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering

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