How to format your references using the The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. W. Borhani, Science 2011, 332, 1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 2 authors
D. Dulcis, N. C. Spitzer, Nature 2008, 456, 195.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Rustagi, S. Engel, M. Kosfeld, Science 2010, 330, 961.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Mizuguchi, T. Uyama, H. Kitagawa, K. H. Nomura, K. Dejima, K. Gengyo-Ando, S. Mitani, K. Sugahara, K. Nomura, Nature 2003, 423, 443.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
B. S. El-Haik, Axiomatic Quality, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
Managing Media Firms and Industries: What’s So Special About Media Management?, G. F. Lowe, C. Brown, Eds., Media Business and Innovation, 1st ed. 2016., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Belov, P. J. Stuckey, G. Tack, M. Wallace, “Improved Linearization of Constraint Programming Models,” Principles and Practice of Constraint Programming: 22nd International Conference, CP 2016, Toulouse, France, September 5-9, 2016, Proceedings, M. Rueher, Ed., Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer International Publishing, Cham 2016, p. 49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
E. Andrew, “Three Trillion Trees Live On Earth, But There Would Be Twice As Many Without Humans,” IFLScience, 2015, accessed on October 30, 2018,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, National Science Foundation’s Actions on Recommendations of GAO Report “Opportunities for Improved Management of the Research Applied to National Needs (RANN) Program,” HRD-77-54, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A. McCarty, Measuring the impact of training in the implementation of project management information systems. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, Another Summer, Same Dark Stage. New York Times 2007, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering
ISSN (print)0008-4034
ISSN (online)1939-019X

Other styles