How to format your references using the The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Savage, Nature 2012, 483, S38.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. H. Yuspa, E. H. Epstein Jr, Science 2005, 307, 1727.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. B. Aylward, R. W. Sutter, D. L. Heymann, Science 2005, 310, 625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. A. Wolf, D. D. Awschalom, R. A. Buhrman, J. M. Daughton, S. von Molnár, M. L. Roukes, A. Y. Chtchelkanova, D. M. Treger, Science 2001, 294, 1488.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T. M. Moe, J. E. Chubb, Liberating Learning, Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA, USA, 2009.
An edited book
B. Howard, Intersections of Hirzebruch–Zagier Divisors and CM Cycles, T. Yang, Ed., Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Vol. 2041, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
O. Cawley, X. Wang, I. Richardson, “Lean/Agile Software Development Methodologies in Regulated Environments – State of the Art,” Lean Enterprise Software and Systems: First International Conference, LESS 2010, Helsinki, Finland, October 17-20, 2010. Proceedings, P. Abrahamsson, N. Oza, Eds., Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 2010, p. 31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering.

Blog post
J. Fang, “Mussel-Inspired Glue Adheres To Slippery Surfaces Submerged In Saltwater,” IFLScience, 2015, accessed on October 30, 2018,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Tax Administration: Achieving Business and Technical Goals In Tax Systems Modernization, T-GGD-93-24, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. F. McConnell, Inventing pluralistic education: Compulsory schooling as technique of democratic deliberation. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. F. Wasik, Trading Stocks for Bonds Poses Its Own Risks. New York Times 2016, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering
ISSN (print)0008-4034
ISSN (online)1939-019X

Other styles