How to format your references using the Technometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koch, C. (2012), “Systems biology. Modular biological complexity,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 337, 531–532.
A journal article with 2 authors
Penninger, J. M., and Woodgett, J. (2001), “Stem cells. PTEN--coupling tumor suppression to stem cells?,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 294, 2116–2118.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanimoto, H., Heisenberg, M., and Gerber, B. (2004), “Experimental psychology: event timing turns punishment to reward,” Nature, 430, 983.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wei, B.-B., Chen, S.-W., Po, H.-C., and Liu, R.-B. (2014), “Phase transitions in the complex plane of physical parameters,” Scientific reports, 4, 5202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bartoszyǹski, R., and Niewiadomska-Bugaj, M. (2007), Probability and Statistical Inference, Second Edition, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ahuja, R. K., Möhring, R. H., and Zaroliagis, C. D. (eds.) (2009), Robust and Online Large-Scale Optimization: Models and Techniques for Transportation Systems, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Agarwal, B., and Mittal, N. (2016), “Sentiment Analysis Using ConceptNet Ontology and Context Information,” in Prominent Feature Extraction for Sentiment Analysis, Socio-Affective Computing, ed. N. Mittal, Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 63–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technometrics.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014), “Robot Makes You Feel Like There’s a Ghost Behind You,” IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011), Cost and Legal Authority for Selected Financial Literacy Programs and Activities, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sheppard, K. C. (2017), “An Examination of School Choice Access, Opportunities, and Academic Outcomes in an Intra-District School Choice Program,” Doctoral dissertation, Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J. (2016), “Minneapolis Grapples With a Community Being Left Behind,” New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koch 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Koch 2012; Penninger and Woodgett 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Penninger and Woodgett 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wei et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnometrics
ISSN (print)0040-1706
ISSN (online)1537-2723
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability

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