How to format your references using the Technometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kamien, R. D. (2003), “Physics. Topology from the bottom up,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 299, 1671–1673.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barry, C., and Doeller, C. F. (2013), “Neuroscience. 3D mapping in the brain,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 340, 279–280.
A journal article with 3 authors
Runyon, J. B., Mescher, M. C., and De Moraes, C. M. (2006), “Volatile chemical cues guide host location and host selection by parasitic plants,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 313, 1964–1967.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Silva, J. P., von Meyenn, F., Howell, J., Thorens, B., Wolfrum, C., and Stoffel, M. (2009), “Regulation of adaptive behaviour during fasting by hypothalamic Foxa2,” Nature, 462, 646–650.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Young, M. R. (2013), Financial Fraud Prevention and Detection, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Olek, M. J. (ed.) (2005), Multiple Sclerosis: Etiology, Diagnosis, and New Treatment Strategies, Current Clinical Neurology, Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.
A chapter in an edited book
Reussner, R., and Becker, S. (2006), “Model-Based Software Development with Eclipse,” in Quality of Software Architectures: Second International Conference on Quality of Software Architectures, QoSA 2006, Västerås, Sweden, June 27-29, 2006 Revised Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, eds. C. Hofmeister, I. Crnkovic, and R. Reussner, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 5–6.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technometrics.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016), “Juno Has Just Entered The Gravitational Well Of Jupiter,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997), Business Process Reengineering Assessment Guide--Version 3, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rogers, S. L. (2017), “Fear of Cancer and Theory of Planned Behavior as Predictors of Pap Screenings,” Doctoral dissertation, Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W., and de la MERCED, M. J. (2010), “A.I.G. Chairman Resigns, Citing Clash With Chief,” New York Times, B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kamien 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Barry and Doeller 2013; Kamien 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barry and Doeller 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Silva et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnometrics
ISSN (print)0040-1706
ISSN (online)1537-2723
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability

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