How to format your references using the Technometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Loder, N. (2000), “Case of the stolen Enigma machine takes cryptic turn,” Nature, 407, 278.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raes, F., and Swart, R. (2007), “Climate change. Climate assessment: what’s next?,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 318, 1386.
A journal article with 3 authors
Forbes, J. M., Bruinsma, S., and Lemoine, F. G. (2006), “Solar rotation effects on the thermospheres of Mars and Earth,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 312, 1366–1368.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jensen, L. J., Jensen, T. S., de Lichtenberg, U., Brunak, S., and Bork, P. (2006), “Co-evolution of transcriptional and post-translational cell-cycle regulation,” Nature, 443, 594–597.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Benatar, D. (2012), The Second Sexism, Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Ware, G. W., Whitacre, D. M., and Gunther, F. A. (eds.) (2007), Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology: Continuation of Residue Reviews, Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Berman, S. J., Battino, B., Shipnuck, L., and Neus, A. (2009), “The End of Advertising As We Know It,” in Television Goes Digital, ed. D. Gerbarg, New York, NY: Springer, pp. 29–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technometrics.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2016), “Optimism Significantly Cuts Risk Of Deadly Diseases,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977), Answers to Questions With Regard to Statements on the Office of Technology Assessment, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tuquero, J. M. (2010), “A meta-ethnographic synthesis of support services for adult learners in distance learning programs,” Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2017), “Young Star Gives U.S. a Needed Win,” New York Times, B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Loder 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Loder 2000; Raes and Swart 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raes and Swart 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Jensen et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnometrics
ISSN (print)0040-1706
ISSN (online)1537-2723
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability

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