How to format your references using the Technometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Borak, A. (2005), “Applied physics. Toward bridging the terahertz gap with silicon-based lasers,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 308, 638–639.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymo, M. E., and Huybers, P. (2008), “Unlocking the mysteries of the ice ages,” Nature, 451, 284–285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Henrich, J., Heine, S. J., and Norenzayan, A. (2010), “Most people are not WEIRD,” Nature, 466, 29.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sayrin, C., Dotsenko, I., Zhou, X., Peaudecerf, B., Rybarczyk, T., Gleyzes, S., Rouchon, P., Mirrahimi, M., Amini, H., Brune, M., Raimond, J.-M., and Haroche, S. (2011), “Real-time quantum feedback prepares and stabilizes photon number states,” Nature, 477, 73–77.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zwecher, M. J. (2010), Retirement Portfolios Workbook, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cherry, K. E. (ed.) (2009), Lifespan Perspectives on Natural Disasters: Coping with Katrina, Rita, and Other Storms, New York, NY: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Walker, L. E. A., Pann, J. M., Shapiro, D. L., and Van Hasselt, V. B. (2016), “Competency Restoration Programs,” in Best Practices for the Mentally Ill in the Criminal Justice System, SpringerBriefs in Psychology, eds. J. M. Pann, D. L. Shapiro, and V. B. Van Hasselt, Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 51–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technometrics.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015), “Australian PM Bans Solar And Wind Power Investment,” IFLScience, IFLScience, Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011), Postsecondary Education: Student Outcomes Vary at For-Profit, Nonprofit, and Public Schools, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Augeri, J. E. (2015), “Supportive Services for Homeless Veteran Women: Policy Implementation and Discretionary Practices of Those at the Front-Lines of Public Service,” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G. G. (2017), “On Creating Black Superheroes,” New York Times, D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Borak 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Borak 2005; Raymo and Huybers 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raymo and Huybers 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sayrin et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnometrics
ISSN (print)0040-1706
ISSN (online)1537-2723
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability

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