How to format your references using the Technometrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Technometrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pennisi, E. (2003), “Neuroscience. Monarchs check clock to chart migration route,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 300, 1216–1217.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tabin, C. J., and McMahon, A. P. (2008), “Developmental biology. Grasping limb patterning,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 321, 350–352.
A journal article with 3 authors
Acuña, J. L., López-Urrutia, Á., and Colin, S. (2011), “Faking giants: the evolution of high prey clearance rates in jellyfishes,” Science (New York, N.Y.), 333, 1627–1629.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Baba, D., Maita, N., Jee, J.-G., Uchimura, Y., Saitoh, H., Sugasawa, K., Hanaoka, F., Tochio, H., Hiroaki, H., and Shirakawa, M. (2005), “Crystal structure of thymine DNA glycosylase conjugated to SUMO-1,” Nature, 435, 979–982.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Southard, T. E., Marshall, S. D., and Bonner, L. L. (2015), Orthodontics in the Vertical Dimension, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Liu, B.-L., Lee, S.-J., Wang, L., Li, X., and Xiao, J.-H. (eds.) (2014), Contemporary Logistics in China: Consolidation and Deepening, Current Chinese Economic Report Series, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lemon, N. (2014), “Sending Out a Tweet,” in Being “In and Out”: Providing Voice to Early Career Women in Academia, eds. N. Lemon and S. Garvis, Rotterdam: SensePublishers, pp. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Technometrics.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014), “Do We Really Need Oxygen For Complex Life?,” IFLScience, IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985), Acid Rain: Federal Research Into Effects on Waters and Forests, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hey, S. E. (2015), “Olivier Messiaen’s ‘Quartet for the End of Time’: A look at ‘The Abyss of the Birds’ and socio-political issues, religion and performance practice in reference to the bible and the holocaust,” Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B. (2017), “Out of Iraq, Still Scanning for Roadside Bombs in Kansas,” New York Times, C9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pennisi 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Pennisi 2003; Tabin and McMahon 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tabin and McMahon 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Baba et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleTechnometrics
ISSN (print)0040-1706
ISSN (online)1537-2723
ScopeApplied Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation
Statistics and Probability

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