How to format your references using the Biological Rhythm Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Rhythm Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Miller AF. 2007. Materials science. Exploiting wrinkle formation. Science. 317(5838):605–606.
A journal article with 2 authors
Akiyama BM, Stone MD. 2013. Structural biology: a solution to the telomerase puzzle. Nature. 496(7444):177–178.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lu Y, Wang W, Kirschner MW. 2015. Specificity of the anaphase-promoting complex: a single-molecule study. Science. 348(6231):1248737.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Sharmin F, Wakelin S, Huygens F, Hargreaves M. 2013. Firmicutes dominate the bacterial taxa within sugar-cane processing plants. Sci Rep. 3:3107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fränzle S, Markert B, Wünschmann S. 2012. Introduction to Environmental Engineering. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Cao J, Mao K, Wu J, Lendasse A, editors. 2016. Proceedings of ELM-2015 Volume 2: Theory, Algorithms and Applications (II). 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kool VK, Agrawal R. 2016. Technology and Motor Behavior: The Cinderella of Modern Psychology. In: Agrawal R, editor. Psychology of Technology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 139–186.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Rhythm Research.

Blog post
Carpineti C. 2017. Watch The Moment A Baby Kangaroo Is Rescued From Dead Mother’s Pouch. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1988. Private Enterprise, Public Responsibilities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Solano EA. 2012. Hindemith’s Sonata for Viola, ope 11, no.4 A compositional and historical perspective [Doctoral dissertation]. Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. 2017. Beguiling Tales Of Women And Change. New York Times.:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Miller 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Miller 2007; Akiyama and Stone 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Akiyama and Stone 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sharmin et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Rhythm Research
AbbreviationBiol. Rhythm Res.
ISSN (print)0929-1016
ISSN (online)1744-4179
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Physiology (medical)

Other styles