How to format your references using the Biological Rhythm Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Rhythm Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyman SE. 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. The meaning of the Human Genome Project for neuropsychiatric disorders. Science. 331(6020):1026.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aggarwal BD, Calvi BR. 2004. Chromatin regulates origin activity in Drosophila follicle cells. Nature. 430(6997):372–376.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tosca NJ, Knoll AH, McLennan SM. 2008. Water activity and the challenge for life on early Mars. Science. 320(5880):1204–1207.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Behrens TEJ, Hunt LT, Woolrich MW, Rushworth MFS. 2008. Associative learning of social value. Nature. 456(7219):245–249.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ushakov I. 2012. Probabilistic Reliability Models. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lu Y, Essex M, Chanyasulkit C, editors. 2013. HIV/AIDS Treatment in Resource Poor Countries: Public Health Challenges. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Siqueira TLL, Ciferri RR, Times VC, de Aguiar Ciferri CD. 2010. Benchmarking Spatial Data Warehouses. In: Bach Pedersen T, Mohania MK, Tjoa AM, editors. Data Warehousing and Knowledge Discovery: 12th International Conference, DAWAK 2010, Bilbao, Spain, August/September 2010 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 40–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Rhythm Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A. 2017. New Planetary Model Suggests More Gas Giant Planets Are Yet To Be Found. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Organizing the Federal Communications Commission for Greater Management and Regulatory Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Herman RL. 2008. Servant leadership: A model for organizations desiring a workplace spirituality culture [Doctoral dissertation]. Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Detrick B. 2017. Where Nobody Knows Your Name. New York Times.:D13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hyman 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Aggarwal and Calvi 2004; Hyman 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aggarwal and Calvi 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Behrens et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Rhythm Research
AbbreviationBiol. Rhythm Res.
ISSN (print)0929-1016
ISSN (online)1744-4179
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Physiology (medical)

Other styles