How to format your references using the Biological Rhythm Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Rhythm Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Makalowski W. 2003. Genomics. Not junk after all. Science. 300(5623):1246–1247.
A journal article with 2 authors
Livio M, Rees MJ. 2005. Cosmology. Anthropic reasoning. Science. 309(5737):1022–1023.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zheng X, Zhang R, Huang H. 2014. Theoretical modeling of relative humidity on contact electrification of sand particles. Sci Rep. 4:4399.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Feng Y, Wei H, Yang S, Chen Z, Wang L, Kong S, Zhao G, Liu X. 2014. Competitive growth mechanisms of AlN on Si (111) by MOVPE. Sci Rep. 4:6416.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Loriaux DL. 2016. A Biographical History of Endocrinology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Demengel F. 2012. Functional Spaces for the Theory of Elliptic Partial Differential Equations. Demengel G, editor. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ter Louw M, Phung PH, Krishnamurti R, Venkatakrishnan VN. 2013. SafeScript: JavaScript Transformation for Policy Enforcement. In: Riis Nielson H, Gollmann D, editors. Secure IT Systems: 18th Nordic Conference, NordSec 2013, Ilulissat, Greenland, October 18-21, 2013, Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 67–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Rhythm Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Logical Circuits Created With Slime Molds. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1993. TQM Implementation at NASA. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bannister RM. 2017. To What Extent Are the Grade Configurations of Middle/High Schools and High Schools Related to Student Engagement? [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. 2016. Five Americans Listed for Man Booker Prize. New York Times.:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Makalowski 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Makalowski 2003; Livio & Rees 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Livio & Rees 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Feng et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Rhythm Research
AbbreviationBiol. Rhythm Res.
ISSN (print)0929-1016
ISSN (online)1744-4179
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Physiology (medical)

Other styles