How to format your references using the Biological Rhythm Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Rhythm Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conard NJ. 2003. Palaeolithic ivory sculptures from southwestern Germany and the origins of figurative art. Nature. 426(6968):830–832.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rakoff-Nahoum S, Comstock LE. 2014. Immunology: Starve a fever, feed the microbiota. Nature. 514(7524):576–577.
A journal article with 3 authors
McKee RA, Walker FJ, Chisholm MF. 2001. Physical structure and inversion charge at a semiconductor interface with a crystalline oxide. Science. 293(5529):468–471.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Yu W, Xu L, Graham N, Qu J. 2014. Pre-treatment for ultrafiltration: effect of pre-chlorination on membrane fouling. Sci Rep. 4:6513.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zigangirov KS. 2004. Theory of Code Division Multiple Access Communication. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Chattot JJ. 2015. Theoretical and Applied Aerodynamics: and Related Numerical Methods. Hafez MM, editor. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Sharapov V, Sotula Z, Kunickaya L. 2014. Transducers with Non-Destructive Control. In: Sotula Z, Kunickaya L, editors. Piezo-Electric Electro-Acoustic Transducers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; p. 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Rhythm Research.

Blog post
Taub B. 2016. Germany To Legalize Medical Marijuana Next Year. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Diploma Mills: Federal Employees Have Obtained Degrees from Diploma Mills and Other Unaccredited Schools, Some at Government Expense. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magnus JV. 2017. Female Police Officers: The Influence of a Masculine Culture [Doctoral dissertation]. Scottsdale, AZ: Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. 2010. Less Than Two Years In, Sanchez Era Has Arrived. New York Times.:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Conard 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Conard 2003; Rakoff-Nahoum and Comstock 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rakoff-Nahoum and Comstock 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Yu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Rhythm Research
AbbreviationBiol. Rhythm Res.
ISSN (print)0929-1016
ISSN (online)1744-4179
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Physiology (medical)

Other styles