How to format your references using the Biological Rhythm Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Rhythm Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fusi S. 2008. Neuroscience. A quiescent working memory. Science. 319:1495–1496.
A journal article with 2 authors
Körding KP, Wolpert DM. 2004. Bayesian integration in sensorimotor learning. Nature. 427:244–247.
A journal article with 3 authors
Adkins JF, McIntyre K, Schrag DP. 2002. The salinity, temperature, and delta18O of the glacial deep ocean. Science. 298:1769–1773.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Hayton TW, Boncella JM, Scott BL, Palmer PD, Batista ER, Hay PJ. 2005. Synthesis of imido analogs of the uranyl ion. Science. 310:1941–1943.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scanlan EA. 2009. Fundraising Consultants. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Karthik M. 2012. Computational Strategies Towards Improved Protein Function Prophecy of Xylanases from Thermomyces lanuginosus. Shukla P, editor. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Deng X, Wang Y, Wu F, Zhang T, Li Z. 2014. Implementation. In: Wang Y, Wu F, Zhang T, Li Z, editors. Integrated River Basin Management: Practice Guideline for the IO Table Compilation and CGE Modeling. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 79–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Rhythm Research.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. 2015. Earth Used To Be Orange. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Student Loan Insurance Fund. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tolley CB. 2009. The role of trust and care in the implementation of a social constructivist curriculum in physical education [Doctoral dissertation]. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin J. 2016. HBO’s ‘Game of Thrones’ Gets an End Date. New York Times.:B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fusi 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Körding & Wolpert 2004; Fusi 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Körding & Wolpert 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Hayton et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Rhythm Research
AbbreviationBiol. Rhythm Res.
ISSN (print)0929-1016
ISSN (online)1744-4179
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Physiology (medical)

Other styles