How to format your references using the Biological Rhythm Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biological Rhythm Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coste B. 2012. Eppendorf finalist. The cellular feeling of pressure. Science. 338(6103):59.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hug C, Lodish HF. 2005. Medicine. Visfatin: a new adipokine. Science. 307(5708):366–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altizer S, Bartel R, Han BA. 2011. Animal migration and infectious disease risk. Science. 331(6015):296–302.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Saneyoshi T, Kume S, Amasaki Y, Mikoshiba K. 2002. The Wnt/calcium pathway activates NF-AT and promotes ventral cell fate in Xenopus embryos. Nature. 417(6886):295–299.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gray DRJM, Al-Ani DMZ. 2011. Temporomandibular Disorders. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Tasić A, Serdijn WA, Larson LE, Setti G, editors. 2009. Circuits and Systems for Future Generations of Wireless Communications. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Sen S, Williams R. 2009. Liver Substitution. In: Hakim NS, editor. Artificial Organs. London: Springer; p. 57–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biological Rhythm Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. New Candidate Brings us One Step Closer to an HIV Vaccine. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Youth Training. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown CP. 2010. Range vs. register: An important distinction in choral repertoire for the adolescent male [Doctoral dissertation]. Tucson, AZ: University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. 2010. A Collection’s First E-Sale. New York Times.:E6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coste 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hug and Lodish 2005; Coste 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hug and Lodish 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Saneyoshi et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiological Rhythm Research
AbbreviationBiol. Rhythm Res.
ISSN (print)0929-1016
ISSN (online)1744-4179
ScopeEcology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Physiology (medical)

Other styles