How to format your references using the Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Bloom BR. WHO needs change. Nature. 2011 May;473(7346):143–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Gibbs RA, Nelson DL. Human genetics. Primate shadow play. Science. 2003 Feb;299(5611):1331–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Shahabi A, Wang H, Upmanyu M. Shaping van der Waals nanoribbons via torsional constraints: scrolls, folds and supercoils. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov;4:7004.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Saparov B, Cantoni C, Pan M, Hogan TC, Ratcliff W 2nd, Wilson SD, et al. Complex structures of different CaFe2As2 samples. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb;4:4120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Ramamoorti S, Morrison DE III, Koletar JW, Pope KR. A.B.C.’s of Behavioral Forensics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1
Stepanova M, Dew S, editors. Nanofabrication: Techniques and Principles. Vienna: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Demarcy T, Vandersteen C, Raffaelli C, Gnansia D, Guevara N, Ayache N, et al. Uncertainty Quantification of Cochlear Implant Insertion from CT Images. In: Shekhar R, Wesarg S, González Ballester MÁ, Drechsler K, Sato Y, Erdt M, et al., editors. Clinical Image-Based Procedures. Translational Research in Medical Imaging: 5th International Workshop, CLIP 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016; pp 27–35.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Should WHO Administer Blood From Ebola Survivors As Treatment? [Internet]. IFLScience. 2014 Aug [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/should-who-administer-blood-ebola-survivors-treatment/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. University Finances: Research Revenues and Expenditures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Sorensen TR. The Use of Classroom Walk-Through Observations as a Strategy to Improve Teaching and Learning: A Student Centered Perspective. 2010

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Wagner J. Cespedes Displays Healthy Swing in Return, but Legs Are Rarely Tested. New York Times. 2017 Jun;SP5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleGynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
AbbreviationGynecol. Obstet. Invest.
ISSN (print)0378-7346
ISSN (online)1423-002X
ScopeObstetrics and Gynaecology
Reproductive Medicine

Other styles