How to format your references using the The British Journal of Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The British Journal of Psychiatry (BJP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Klein J. Smart polymer solutions. Nature 2000; 405: 745, 747.
A journal article with 2 authors
Galant R, Carroll SB. Evolution of a transcriptional repression domain in an insect Hox protein. Nature 2002; 415: 910–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
MacMicking JD, Taylor GA, McKinney JD. Immune control of tuberculosis by IFN-gamma-inducible LRG-47. Science 2003; 302: 654–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kennett DJ, Kennett JP, West A, Mercer C, Hee SSQ, Bement L, et al. Nanodiamonds in the Younger Dryas boundary sediment layer. Science 2009; 323: 94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson RC. The Hedge Fund Book. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Qin L, Genant HK, Griffith JF, Leung KS, editors. Advanced Bioimaging Technologies in Assessment of the Quality of Bone and Scaffold Materials: Techniques and Applications. Springer, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Keeble AH, Maté MJ, Kleanthous C. HNH Endonucleases. In Homing Endonucleases and Inteins (eds M Belfort, DW Wood, BL Stoddard, V Derbyshire ): 49–65. Springer, 2005.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The British Journal of Psychiatry.

Blog post
Luntz S. Chemical Pollution Found in Animals Living In The Deepest Oceans. IFLScience. 2017. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Army Budget: Potential Reductions to Budget Requests for Selected ADP Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rangwala R. The Role of the PDZ Protein, Erbin, in Schwann Cells. 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by. Arts, Briefly; Russia to Sell a Landmark Studio. New York Times. 2005; : E2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe British Journal of Psychiatry
AbbreviationBr. J. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0007-1250
ISSN (online)1472-1465
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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