How to format your references using the The British Journal of Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The British Journal of Psychiatry (BJP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bader J. Climate science: The origin of regional Arctic warming. Nature 2014; 509: 167–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sallan L, Galimberti AK. Body-size reduction in vertebrates following the end-Devonian mass extinction. Science 2015; 350: 812–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Komatsu T, Sekiya T, Nagata K. DNA replication-dependent binding of CTCF plays a critical role in adenovirus genome functions. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 2187.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sobhian B, Shao G, Lilli DR, Culhane AC, Moreau LA, Xia B, et al. RAP80 targets BRCA1 to specific ubiquitin structures at DNA damage sites. Science 2007; 316: 1198–202.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ginena K, Hamid A. Foundations of Sharī‘ah Governance of Islamic Banks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2015.
An edited book
Kyosev Y, editor. Recent Developments in Braiding and Narrow Weaving. Springer International Publishing, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Becucci S. New Players in an Old Game: The Sex Market in Italy. In Organized Crime: Culture, Markets and Policies (eds D Siegel, H Nelen ): 57–69. Springer, 2008.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The British Journal of Psychiatry.

Blog post
Davis J. Americans Throw Twice As Much Trash In Landfills As Previously Thought. IFLScience. 2015. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Schools Closed Since l969 as a Result of Actions To Promote Racial Balance. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton DL. Alumni perceptions of the role of field education in professional preparation. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. Springer’s Harvest. New York Times. 1998; : D10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe British Journal of Psychiatry
AbbreviationBr. J. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0007-1250
ISSN (online)1472-1465
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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