How to format your references using the The British Journal of Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The British Journal of Psychiatry (BJP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parisi G. Brownian motion. Nature 2005; 433: 221.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stark J, Hardy K. Mathematics. Chaos: useful at last? Science 2003; 301: 1192–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cappellini E, Collins MJ, Gilbert MTP. Biochemistry. Unlocking ancient protein palimpsests. Science 2014; 343: 1320–2.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Mendil J, Nieves P, Chubykalo-Fesenko O, Walowski J, Santos T, Pisana S, et al. Resolving the role of femtosecond heated electrons in ultrafast spin dynamics. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 3980.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nations S. The Complete Book of Option Spreads and Combinations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Sobh T, editor. Advances in Computer and Information Sciences and Engineering. Springer Netherlands, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Perlovsky L, Deming R, Ilin R. Emerging Areas. In Emotional Cognitive Neural Algorithms with Engineering Applications: Dynamic Logic: FromVague to Crisp (eds R Deming, R Ilin ): 81–174. Springer, 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The British Journal of Psychiatry.

Blog post
Andrew D. Could You Transfer Your Consciousness To Another Body? IFLScience. 2015. (


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites: Technical Problems, Cost Increases, and Schedule Delays Trigger Need for Difficult Trade-off Decisions. U.S. Government Printing Office, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nelson AF. Anxiety in the process of individuation. An in-depth psychological study. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines M, Shorey R. Inside the Uproar Over a Government-Led Search for Voter Fraud. New York Times. 2017; : A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,1.
This sentence cites four references 1,1,1,1.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe British Journal of Psychiatry
AbbreviationBr. J. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0007-1250
ISSN (online)1472-1465
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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