How to format your references using the The British Journal of Psychiatry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The British Journal of Psychiatry (BJP). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Dresser R. Research ethics. Aligning regulations and ethics in human research. Science 2012; 337: 527–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Haney CH, Ausubel FM. MICROBIOME. Plant microbiome blueprints. Science 2015; 349: 788–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Ioannou CC, Guttal V, Couzin ID. Predatory fish select for coordinated collective motion in virtual prey. Science 2012; 337: 1212–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Hanson JA, Chang CB, Graves SM, Li Z, Mason TG, Deming TJ. Nanoscale double emulsions stabilized by single-component block copolypeptides. Nature 2008; 455: 85–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Mallios WS. Forecasting in Financial and Sports Gambling Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
1
Zezula P. Similarity Search The Metric Space Approach. Springer US, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
1
McCubbins MD, Turner M, Weller N. The Mythology of Game Theory. In Social Computing, Behavioral - Cultural Modeling and Prediction: 5th International Conference, SBP 2012, College Park, MD, USA, April 3-5, 2012. Proceedings (eds SJ Yang, AM Greenberg, M Endsley ): 27–34. Springer, 2012.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The British Journal of Psychiatry.

Blog post
1
Taub B. Chimpanzees Use Fishing Rods To Gather Algae From Rivers. IFLScience. 2016. (https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/chimpanzees-use-fishing-rods-gather-algae-from-rivers/).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. New or Renovated Warehouse Space Provided Under Extended Storage Agreements. U.S. Government Printing Office, 1983.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Zeedick DM. The modified delphi method to analyze the application of instructional design theory to online graduate education. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1
Chira S. Le Pen Shifts A Strategy: Feminizing The Far Right. New York Times. 2017; : A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe British Journal of Psychiatry
AbbreviationBr. J. Psychiatry
ISSN (print)0007-1250
ISSN (online)1472-1465
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

Other styles