How to format your references using the Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: Bricks & mortar. Nature. 430, 384 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Chester, T.L., Parcher, J.F.: Tech.Sight. Blurring the boundaries. Science. 291, 502–503 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Merritt, D., Ferrarese, L., Joseph, C.L.: No supermassive black hole in M33? Science. 293, 1116–1118 (2001)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Darby, C., Hsu, J.W., Ghori, N., Falkow, S.: Caenorhabditis elegans: plague bacteria biofilm blocks food intake. Nature. 417, 243–244 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Feldkamp, F.L., Whalen, R.C.: Financial Stability. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Weyns, D., Malek, S., Lemos, R. de, Andersson, J. eds: Self-Organizing Architectures: First International Workshop, SOAR 2009, Cambridge, UK, September 14, 2009, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Teichler, U., Arimoto, A., Cummings, W.K.: The Academic Career. In: Arimoto, A. and Cummings, W.K. (eds.) The Changing Academic Profession: Major Findings of a Comparative Survey. pp. 75–116. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of Mathematical Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Study Reveals That Your Cat Is Basically A Tiny Lion,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Can the Federal Communications Commission Successfully Implement Its Computer II Decision? U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1982)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holmstedt, C.: Low voltage switched-current cell and its application, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K.: Cupcakes a Chicken Can Love, (2007)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of Mathematical Sciences
AbbreviationBull. Math. Sci.
ISSN (print)1664-3607
ISSN (online)1664-3615
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

Other styles