How to format your references using the Genes, Brain and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes, Brain and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yablonovitch, E. (2000) APPLIED PHYSICS: How to Be Truly Photonic. Science 289, 557–559.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu, T.T. & Cyster, J.G. (2002) Integrin-mediated long-term B cell retention in the splenic marginal zone. Science 297, 409–412.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stone, L., Olinky, R. & Huppert, A. (2007) Seasonal dynamics of recurrent epidemics. Nature 446, 533–536.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Paik, D.H., Lee, I.-R., Yang, D.-S., Baskin, J.S. & Zewail, A.H. (2004) Electrons in finite-sized water cavities: hydration dynamics observed in real time. Science 306, 672–675.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, B.L., Hendrix, S.B., Hedges, D.W. & Smith, T.B. (2011) Multivariate Analysis for the Biobehavioral and Social Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Khalaf, K. (2015) Data Transmission at Millimeter Waves: Exploiting the 60 GHz Band on Silicon. , Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Akgün, T. & Gevrekci, M. (2013) Accelerating Super-Resolution Reconstruction Using GPU by CUDA. In Nagamalai, D., Kumar, A. & Annamalai, A. (eds), Advances in Computational Science, Engineering and Information Technology: Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Computational Science, Engineering and Information Technology (CCSEIT-2013), KTO Karatay University, June 7-9, 2013, Konya,Turkey - Volume 1, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, Springer International Publishing, Heidelberg, pp. 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes, Brain and Behavior.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016) “Princess Leia Brainwaves” Help Consolidate Memories While We Sleep [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977) Establishing a Proper Fee Schedule Under the Independent Offices Appropriation Act, 1952 ( No. CED-77-70). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Quackenbush, C.M. (2010) The Imaginal Stone: Stories of self and world. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dwyer, J. (2015) A Police Shot to a Boy’s Back, Echoing Since ’73. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yablonovitch 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Yablonovitch 2000; Lu & Cyster 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu & Cyster 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Paik et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes, Brain and Behavior
AbbreviationGenes Brain Behav.
ISSN (print)1601-1848
ISSN (online)1601-183X
Behavioral Neuroscience

Other styles