How to format your references using the Genes, Brain and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes, Brain and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palmer, T. (2014) Climate forecasting: build high-resolution global climate models. Nature 515, 338–339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Diffenbaugh, N.S. & Field, C.B. (2013) Changes in ecologically critical terrestrial climate conditions. Science 341, 486–492.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prytkova, T.R., Kurnikov, I.V. & Beratan, D.N. (2007) Coupling coherence distinguishes structure sensitivity in protein electron transfer. Science 315, 622–625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kraack, H., Ocko, B.M., Pershan, P.S., Sloutskin, E. & Deutsch, M. (2002) Structure of a Langmuir film on a liquid metal surface. Science 298, 1404–1407.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xu, Q.A. & Madden, T.L. (2011) Analytical Methods for Therapeutic Drug Monitoring and Toxicology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cellier, F.E. (2006) Continuous System Simulation. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Todor, D.A. (2016) Balloon Brachytherapy Physics. In Montemaggi, P., Trombetta, M. & Brady, L.W. (eds), Brachytherapy: An International Perspective, Medical Radiology, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 41–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes, Brain and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016) ‘Canary Species’ Can Sing Songs That Warn Of Ecosystem Collapse [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004) Medicaid: Intergovernmental Transfers Have Facilitated State Financing Schemes ( No. GAO-04-574T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hankins, S. (2010) A policy analysis of the Americans with Disability Act of 1990. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011) The Ball at Their Feet, Their Fate in Their Hands. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palmer 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Diffenbaugh & Field 2013; Palmer 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Diffenbaugh & Field 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kraack et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes, Brain and Behavior
AbbreviationGenes Brain Behav.
ISSN (print)1601-1848
ISSN (online)1601-183X
Behavioral Neuroscience

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