How to format your references using the Genes, Brain and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes, Brain and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. (2000) Republican candidates clash on fetal tissue in research. Nature 403, 694.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raddick, M.J. & Szalay, A.S. (2010) SPORE series winner. The universe online. Science 329, 1028–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chuck, A.L., Turner, S.M. & Liss, P.S. (2002) Direct evidence for a marine source of C1 and C2 alkyl nitrates. Science 297, 1151–1154.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Qiu, X., Deorani, P., Narayanapillai, K., Lee, K.-S., Lee, K.-J., Lee, H.-W. & Yang, H. (2014) Angular and temperature dependence of current induced spin-orbit effective fields in Ta/CoFeB/MgO nanowires. Sci Rep 4, 4491.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Elias, H.-G. (2006) Macromolecules. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, D-69451 Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Ablin, R.J. & Mason, M.D. (eds). (2007) Metastasis of Prostate Cancer. , Cancer Metastasis – Biology and Treatment. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Szelag, E. & Dacewicz, A. (2016) Nonlinear Timing and Language Processing in Norm and Pathology. In Esposito, A., Faundez-Zanuy, M., Esposito, A.M., Cordasco, G., Drugman, T., Solé-Casals, J. & Morabito, F.C. (eds), Recent Advances in Nonlinear Speech Processing, Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 35–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes, Brain and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Amazing Drone Footage Of Sudan’s Mysterious & Forgotten Pyramids [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980) U.S. General Accounting Office Strategic Plan for Administrative ADP Systems, 1981-85 ( No. 092315). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davies, G.L. (2015) An analysis of Pat Metheny’s and Lyle Mays’s “Third Wind”: Arranging techniques and performance considerations. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2003) It Could Be Sharks Versus Sharks In This Rumble on the Waterfront. New York Times 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wadman 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Wadman 2000; Raddick & Szalay 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raddick & Szalay 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Qiu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes, Brain and Behavior
AbbreviationGenes Brain Behav.
ISSN (print)1601-1848
ISSN (online)1601-183X
Behavioral Neuroscience

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