How to format your references using the Genes, Brain and Behavior citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Genes, Brain and Behavior. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. (2000) AAAS members fret over links with theological foundation. Nature 403, 819.
A journal article with 2 authors
Koppers, A.A.P. & Staudigel, H. (2005) Asynchronous bends in Pacific seamount trails: a case for extensional volcanism? Science 307, 904–907.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leman, L., Orgel, L. & Ghadiri, M.R. (2004) Carbonyl sulfide-mediated prebiotic formation of peptides. Science 306, 283–286.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Barford, C.C., Wofsy, S.C., Goulden, M.L., Munger, J.W., Pyle, E.H., Urbanski, S.P., Hutyra, L., Saleska, S.R., Fitzjarrald, D. & Moore, K. (2001) Factors controlling long- and short-term sequestration of atmospheric CO2 in a mid-latitude forest. Science 294, 1688–1691.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jiang, J. & Zhang, C. (2015) Fundamentals and Applications of Lithium-ion Batteries in Electric Drive Vehicles. John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Luna-Elizarrarás, M.E. (2015) Bicomplex Holomorphic Functions: The Algebra, Geometry and Analysis of Bicomplex Numbers. , Frontiers in Mathematics. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Geniusas, S. (2010) On Birth, Death, and Sleep in Husserl’s Late Manuscripts on Time. In Lohmar, D. & Yamaguchi, I. (eds), On Time - New Contributions to the Husserlian Phenomenology of Time, Phaenomenologica, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 71–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Genes, Brain and Behavior.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015) Meet The Man Whose Memory Lasts Just 90 Minutes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973) Propriety of the City Edges Grant Awarded to the Suburban Action Institute ( No. B-158811). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Malekian, A. (2009) Combinatorial problems in online advertising. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, K.J. (2016) White-Collar Supremacy. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2000; Koppers & Staudigel 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Koppers & Staudigel 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Barford et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleGenes, Brain and Behavior
AbbreviationGenes Brain Behav.
ISSN (print)1601-1848
ISSN (online)1601-183X
Behavioral Neuroscience

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