How to format your references using the The British Journal of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The British Journal of Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lake JA. Lynn Margulis (1938-2011). Nature 2011;480:458.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Patrinos A, Bamzai A. Policy needs robust climate science. Nature 2005;438:285.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Buhr ED, Yoo S-H, Takahashi JS. Temperature as a universal resetting cue for mammalian circadian oscillators. Science 2010;330:379–85.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Caro G, Bourdon B, Wood BJ, Corgne A. Trace-element fractionation in Hadean mantle generated by melt segregation from a magma ocean. Nature 2005;436:246–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Tapiero CS. Risk Finance and Asset Pricing. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Beckouche P, Besnard P, Pecout H, editors. Atlas of Challenges and Opportunities in European Neighbourhoods. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Zhang S, Sun C, He Z. ListMerge: Accelerating Top-k Aggregation Queries Over Large Number of Lists. In: Navathe SB, Wu W, Shekhar S, Du X, Wang SX, Xiong H, editors. Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 21st International Conference, DASFAA 2016, Dallas, TX, USA, April 16-19, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 67–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The British Journal of Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. This Blue Lagoon Might Look Beautiful, But You Definitely Shouldn’t Swim In It. IFLScience. 2015; https://www.iflscience.com/environment/people-swim-beautiful-blue-lagoon-buxton-uk-its-extremely-toxic/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Post-FTS 2000 Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Nawpar RT. Uranyl glass for thermometry. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hubbard B. 27 Years After Protest, a Victory Lap for Saudi Women. New York Times. 2017;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe British Journal of Cardiology
AbbreviationBr. J. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0969-6113
ISSN (online)1753-4313
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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