How to format your references using the The British Journal of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The British Journal of Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Neutze R. STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. Snapshots of a protein quake. Science 2015;350:381.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dorin JR, Jackson IJ. Genetics. Beta-defensin repertoire expands. Science 2007;318:1395.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Shi Y, Evans JE, Rock KL. Molecular identification of a danger signal that alerts the immune system to dying cells. Nature 2003;425:516–21.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Paliwal S, Iglesias PA, Campbell K, Hilioti Z, Groisman A, Levchenko A. MAPK-mediated bimodal gene expression and adaptive gradient sensing in yeast. Nature 2007;446:46–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Good PI. Introduction to Statistics through Resampling Methods and Microsoft Office Excel ®. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Pignataro M, Gioncu V, editors. Phenomenological and Mathematical Modelling of Structural Instabilities. Vienna: Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Compton V, France B. Working With Technologists on Technology Curriculum Development and Implementation. In: France B, Compton V, editors. Bringing Communities Together: Connecting Learners with Scientists or Technologists. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012. p. 73–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The British Journal of Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Newly Discovered Species Of Extinct Dog Roamed North America 12 Million Years Ago. IFLScience. 2016; https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-species-extinct-dog-roamed-north-america-12-million-years-ago/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. HUD Information Technology: More Work Remains to Implement Necessary Management Controls. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
George KA. Housing adequacy and civic engagement in Los Angeles County. 2014;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B. With Her Surgeon Watching, Kvitova Shows Off Skilled Handiwork. New York Times. 2017;B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe British Journal of Cardiology
AbbreviationBr. J. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0969-6113
ISSN (online)1753-4313
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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