How to format your references using the The British Journal of Cardiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The British Journal of Cardiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Parsch J. Evolution. The cost of being male. Science 2011;332:798–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hector A, Bagchi R. Biodiversity and ecosystem multifunctionality. Nature 2007;448:188–90.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
London AJ, Kimmelman J, Carlisle B. Research ethics. Rethinking research ethics: the case of postmarketing trials. Science 2012;336:544–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Miller CN, Proekt I, von Moltke J, et al. Thymic tuft cells promote an IL-4-enriched medulla and shape thymocyte development. Nature 2018;559:627–31.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kiehl AR, Mays MBC. Atlas for the Diagnosis of Tumors in the Dog and Cat. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Ehrenfeld JM, Urman RD, Segal S, editors. Anesthesia Student Survival Guide: A Case-Based Approach. 2nd ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Yoccoz J-C. Small Divisors: Number Theory in Dynamical Systems. In: Schleicher D, Lackmann M, editors. An Invitation to Mathematics: From Competitions to Research. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The British Journal of Cardiology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Would You Wear An Engagement Ring Made Out Of Your Fiance’s Wisdom Tooth? IFLScience. 2015; https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/forget-diamonds-engagement-ring-made-out-wisdom-tooth/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Readiness Improving But Much Work Remains to Avoid Disruption of Critical Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Quintero MC. Constructing a Clinical Research Data Management System. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M. Made for Prowling. New York Times. 2010;E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe British Journal of Cardiology
AbbreviationBr. J. Cardiol.
ISSN (print)0969-6113
ISSN (online)1753-4313
ScopeCardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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