How to format your references using the Acta Crystallographica Section C: Structural Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Crystallographica Section C: Structural Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Csontos, D. (2010). Nature 464, 175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Casares, F. & Mann, R. S. (2001). Science 293, 1477–1480.
A journal article with 3 authors
LaDeau, S. L., Kilpatrick, A. M. & Marra, P. P. (2007). Nature 447, 710–713.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Blight, S. K., Larue, R. C., Mahapatra, A., Longstaff, D. G., Chang, E., Zhao, G., Kang, P. T., Green-Church, K. B., Chan, M. K. & Krzycki, J. A. (2004). Nature 431, 333–335.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Deventer, D. R., Imai, K. & Mesler, M. (2013). Advanced Financial Risk Management, Second Edition Solaris South Tower, Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.
An edited book
Udomkichdecha, W., Böllinghaus, T., Manonukul, A. & Lexow, J. (2014). Materials Challenges and Testing for Manufacturing, Mobility, Biomedical Applications and Climate Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, C. H. & Cho, Y. J. (2007). Vol. Computational Science and Its Applications – ICCSA 2007: International Conference, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, August 26-29, 2007. Proceedings. Part III, edited by O. Gervasi & M. L. Gavrilova. pp. 33–44. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Crystallographica Section C: Structural Chemistry.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2016). IFLScience,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Information Technology: Library of Congress Needs to Implement Recommendations to Address Management Weaknesses Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rosenberg, E. L. (2010). Learning to live: The clinical importance of first-person accounts of recovery from anorexia nervosa. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2010). New York Times B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Csontos, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Csontos, 2010; Casares & Mann, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Casares & Mann, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Blight et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Crystallographica Section C: Structural Chemistry
AbbreviationActa Crystallogr. C Struct. Chem.
ISSN (online)2053-2296

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