How to format your references using the Sexually Transmitted Infections citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexually Transmitted Infections. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Barinaga M. SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY: Geology Couple Plots a Path to Success. Science 2000;289:2027.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Fox P, Hendler J. Changing the equation on scientific data visualization. Science 2011;331:705–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Clevers H, Loh KM, Nusse R. Stem cell signaling. An integral program for tissue renewal and regeneration: Wnt signaling and stem cell control. Science 2014;346:1248012.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Li D, Liu H, Zeng S, et al. Quantum molecular dynamics study of expanded beryllium: evolution from warm dense matter to atomic fluid. Sci Rep 2014;4:5898.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Koperski J. The Physics of Theism. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2014.
An edited book
1
Imhoff AB, Beitzel K, Stamer K, et al., editors. Rehabilitation in Orthopedic Surgery. 2nd ed. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Utama NA, Ishihara KN, Zhang Q, et al. 2050 ASEAN Electricity Demand: Case Study in Indonesia and Cambodia. In: Yao T, ed. Zero-Carbon Energy Kyoto 2010: Proceedings of the Second International Symposium of Global COE Program “Energy Science in the Age of Global Warming—Toward CO2 Zero-emission Energy System”. Tokyo: : Springer Japan 2011. 32–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Why Medical Journals Must Make Researchers Share Data From Clinical Trials. IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-medical-journals-must-make-researchers-share-data-clinical-trials/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Selected Literature on Cost Accounting and Cost Control for Automatic Data Processing. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Walters LA. A Mixed-Methods Exploration of Employee Attitudes, Awareness, and Satisfaction with Regard to the University Employee Wellness Program. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Smale A, Erlanger S. Wary of Trump, Merkel Doubts U.S. Is Solid Ally. New York Times. 2017;:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSexually Transmitted Infections
AbbreviationSex. Transm. Infect.
ISSN (print)1368-4973
ISSN (online)1472-3263
ScopeDermatology
Infectious Diseases

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