How to format your references using the Sexually Transmitted Infections citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexually Transmitted Infections. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Müller RD. Geophysics. Sedimentary basins feeling the heat from below. Science 2010;329:769–70.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nesbit J, Norman C. 2010 Visualization Challenge. Science 2011;331:847–56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Osborne I, Lavine M, Coontz R. Materials for electronics. Looking beyond silicon. Introduction. Science 2010;327:1595.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Dupuy AJ, Akagi K, Largaespada DA, et al. Mammalian mutagenesis using a highly mobile somatic Sleeping Beauty transposon system. Nature 2005;436:221–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson A. Small Animal Pathology for Veterinary Technicians. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2014.
An edited book
Markon S. Control of Traffic Systems in Buildings. London: : Springer 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Jin H, Miyazaki T. Magnetic Anisotropy. In: Jin H, ed. The Physics of Ferromagnetism. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2012. 205–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Blue Origin Reveals New Glenn Rocket That Will Take Humans Into Orbit. IFLScience. 2016. (accessed 30 Oct 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Designing Evaluations: A Workbook. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Santoso E. Intellectual capital in Indonesia: The influence on financial performance of banking industry. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Are Urged to Dismiss Padilla Case. New York Times. 2005;:114.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSexually Transmitted Infections
AbbreviationSex. Transm. Infect.
ISSN (print)1368-4973
ISSN (online)1472-3263
Infectious Diseases

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