How to format your references using the Sexually Transmitted Infections citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexually Transmitted Infections. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Savage N. Early detection: Spotting the first signs. Nature 2011;471:S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Benfey PN, Mitchell-Olds T. From genotype to phenotype: systems biology meets natural variation. Science 2008;320:495–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Veríssimo A, Cochrane MA, Souza C Jr. Ecology. National forests in the Amazon. Science 2002;297:1478.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Liu Z, Sun C, Olejniczak ET, et al. Structural basis for binding of Smac/DIABLO to the XIAP BIR3 domain. Nature 2000;408:1004–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Lynn PA. Electricity from Sunlight. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2010.
An edited book
1
Katsikides S, Koktsidis PI, editors. Societies in Transition: Economic, Political and Security Transformations in Contemporary Europe. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Noureldin A, Karamat TB, Georgy J. Inertial Navigation System. In: Karamat TB, Georgy J, eds. Fundamentals of Inertial Navigation, Satellite-based Positioning and their Integration. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2013. 125–66.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexually Transmitted Infections.

Blog post
1
Davis J. Humanity Has Already Used An Entire Earth’s Worth Of Resources This Year. IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/environment/humanity-has-already-used-entire-earths-worth-resources/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Emergency Transportation Relief: Agencies Could Improve Collaboration Begun during Hurricane Sandy Response. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Contartesi RA. School climate: A correlational analysis of superintendent leadership communication and employee performance. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Kenigsberg B. Liza, Liza, Skies Are Grey. New York Times. 2017;:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleSexually Transmitted Infections
AbbreviationSex. Transm. Infect.
ISSN (print)1368-4973
ISSN (online)1472-3263
ScopeDermatology
Infectious Diseases

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