How to format your references using the The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (BJPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chipman, A. [2007]: ‘London Calling’, Nature, 447, p. 367.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clauset, A. and Erwin, D. H. [2008]: ‘The Evolution and Distribution of Species Body Size’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 321, pp. 399–401.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schliekelman, P., Garner, C. and Slatkin, M. [2001]: ‘Natural Selection and Resistance to HIV’, Nature, 411, pp. 545–6.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thiel, S., Hammerl, G., Schmehl, A., Schneider, C. W. and Mannhart, J. [2006]: ‘Tunable Quasi-Two-Dimensional Electron Gases in Oxide Heterostructures’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 313, pp. 1942–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Radwanska, M., Stankiewicz, A., Wosatko, A. and Pamin, J. [2017]: ‘Plate and Shell Structures’, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bretschger, L. and Smulders, S. (eds) [2007]: ‘Sustainable Resource Use and Economic Dynamics’, Vol. 10 Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Abbas, A. E. [2015]: ‘Different Classifications of Aortic Stenosis’, in A. E. Abbas (ed.), Aortic Stenosis: Case-Based Diagnosis and Therapy, London: Springer, pp. 49–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. [2015, June 25]: ‘Why Does Cilantro Taste Like Soap to Some People?’, IFLScience, IFLScience, <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office [1991]: ‘NASA Procurement: Management Oversight of Contract Costs and Time Changes Could Be Enhanced’, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stephens, T. [2012]: ‘The Evolution of Transformative Communication Patterns in 1-to-1 Computing Classrooms’, Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. [2013, July 1]: ‘London. Tokyo. Athens. Tulsa?’, New York Times, p. A1 p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chipman [2007]).
This sentence cites two references (Chipman [2007]; Clauset and Erwin [2008]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clauset and Erwin [2008])
  • Three or more authors: (Thiel et al. [2006])

About the journal

Full journal titleThe British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationBr. J. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0007-0882
ISSN (online)1464-3537
History and Philosophy of Science

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