How to format your references using the The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (BJPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Network, T. C. G. A. R. [2013]: ‘Corrigendum: Comprehensive Genomic Characterization Defines Human Glioblastoma Genes and Core Pathways’, Nature, 494, p. 506.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rakow, N. A. and Suslick, K. S. [2000]: ‘A Colorimetric Sensor Array for Odour Visualization’, Nature, 406, pp. 710–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
Polley, D. B., Kvasnák, E. and Frostig, R. D. [2004]: ‘Naturalistic Experience Transforms Sensory Maps in the Adult Cortex of Caged Animals’, Nature, 429, pp. 67–71.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schubert, S. D., Suarez, M. J., Pegion, P. J., Koster, R. D. and Bacmeister, J. T. [2004]: ‘On the Cause of the 1930s Dust Bowl’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 303, pp. 1855–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hernandez, E. M. and Kamal-Eldin, A. [2013]: ‘Processing and Nutrition of Fats and Oils’, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Yeung, D.-Y., Kwok, J. T., Fred, A., Roli, F. and Ridder, D. de (eds) [2006]: ‘Structural, Syntactic, and Statistical Pattern Recognition: Joint IAPR International Workshops, SSPR 2006 and SPR 2006, Hong Kong, China, August 17-19, 2006. Proceedings’, Vol. 4109 Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Wentz, B., Cirba, M., Kharal, N., Moran, J. and Slate, M. [2012]: ‘Evaluating the Accessibility and Usability of Blogging Platforms for Blind Users’, in P. Langdon, J. Clarkson, P. Robinson, J. Lazar and A. Heylighen (eds), Designing Inclusive Systems: Designing Inclusion for Real-World Applications, London: Springer, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. [2014, October 23]: ‘Scientists Convert Human Skin Cells Directly Into Brain Cells’, IFLScience, IFLScience, <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office [1972]: ‘Government Computer Acquisition Practices’, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matthews, L. K. [2016]: ‘The Impact of Trait Displaced Aggression and Social Support on Cardiovascular Reactivity’, Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Blecher, G. [2015, May 31]: ‘Berra’s Values Shape Museum’s Mission’, New York Times, p. NJ10 p. NJ10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Network [2013]).
This sentence cites two references (Rakow and Suslick [2000]; Network [2013]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rakow and Suslick [2000])
  • Three or more authors: (Schubert et al. [2004])

About the journal

Full journal titleThe British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationBr. J. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0007-0882
ISSN (online)1464-3537
History and Philosophy of Science

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