How to format your references using the The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (BJPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chipman, A. [2007]: ‘London Calling’, Nature, 447, p. 367.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ortíz-Barrientos, D. and Noor, M. A. F. [2005]: ‘Evidence for a One-Allele Assortative Mating Locus’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 310, p. 1467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, Q., Liu, X. and Tang, D. [2013]: ‘Extreme Extensibility of Copper Foil under Compound Forming Conditions’, Scientific Reports, 3, p. 3556.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lescroart, F., Wang, X., Lin, X., Swedlund, B., Gargouri, S., Sànchez-Dànes, A., Moignard, V., Dubois, C., Paulissen, C., Kinston, S., Göttgens, B. and Blanpain, C. [2018]: ‘Defining the Earliest Step of Cardiovascular Lineage Segregation by Single-Cell RNA-Seq’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 359, pp. 1177–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Willan, A. R. and Briggs, A. H. [2006]: ‘Statistical Analysis of Cost-Effectiveness Data’, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Epand, R. M. (ed.) [2016]: ‘Host Defense Peptides and Their Potential as Therapeutic Agents’, Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Imoto, Y. and Horiguchi, S. [2015]: ‘Bringing a European Language Policy into a Japanese Educational Institution’, in S. Horiguchi, Y. Imoto and G. S. Poole (eds), Foreign Language Education in Japan: Exploring Qualitative Approaches, Rotterdam: SensePublishers, pp. 65–83.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D. [2016, November 26]: ‘How Smartphone Light Affects Your Brain And Body’, IFLScience, IFLScience, <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office [1998]: ‘Air Traffic Control: Timely Completion of FAA’s Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System Software Is at Risk’, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grannis, K. S. [2010]: ‘Secular Spiritual Quests in Modern American Novels, 1922–1960’, Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. [2011, November 10]: ‘Alabama Governor Fails to Prevent Jefferson County’s Record $4 Billion Bankruptcy Filing’, New York Times, p. A16 p. A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chipman [2007]).
This sentence cites two references (Ortíz-Barrientos and Noor [2005]; Chipman [2007]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ortíz-Barrientos and Noor [2005])
  • Three or more authors: (Lescroart et al. [2018])

About the journal

Full journal titleThe British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationBr. J. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0007-0882
ISSN (online)1464-3537
History and Philosophy of Science

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