How to format your references using the The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science (BJPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mellars, P. [2004]: ‘Neanderthals and the Modern Human Colonization of Europe’, Nature, 432, pp. 461–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Callan, B. and Gillespie, I. [2007]: ‘The Path to New Medicines’, Nature, 449, pp. 164–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuch, B. B., Li, H. and Johnson, A. D. [2008]: ‘Evolution of Eukaryotic Transcription Circuits’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 319, pp. 1797–9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sandhu, A. S., Gagnon, E., Santra, R., Sharma, V., Li, W., Ho, P., Ranitovic, P., Cocke, C. L., Murnane, M. M. and Kapteyn, H. C. [2008]: ‘Observing the Creation of Electronic Feshbach Resonances in Soft X-Ray-Induced O2 Dissociation’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 322, pp. 1081–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heimann, R. B. and Lehmann, H. D. [2015]: ‘Bioceramic Coatings for Medical Implants’, Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Ralyté, J., Franch, X., Brinkkemper, S. and Wrycza, S. (eds) [2012]: ‘Advanced Information Systems Engineering: 24th International Conference, CAiSE 2012, Gdansk, Poland, June 25-29, 2012. Proceedings’, Vol. 7328 Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sebestyén, T. and Varga, A. [2013]: ‘A Novel Comprehensive Index of Network Position and Node Characteristics in Knowledge Networks: Ego Network Quality’, in T. Scherngell (ed.), The Geography of Networks and R&D Collaborations, Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 71–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.

Blog post
Hale, T. [2016, July 19]: ‘This Easy Online Breathlessness Test Can Check If You Might Have A Chronic Illness’, IFLScience, IFLScience, <>.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office [1988]: ‘Airport Noise: FAA’s Enforcement of Noise Rules at National Airport’, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ugwu, R. I. [2012]: ‘Perceptions of Elementary Teachers from an Urban School District in Southern California Regarding Their Inquiry-Based Science Instructional Practices, Assessment Methods, and Professional Development’, Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. [2017, March 16]: ‘A Martyr So Sure of Herself’, New York Times, p. C1 p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mellars [2004]).
This sentence cites two references (Mellars [2004]; Callan and Gillespie [2007]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Callan and Gillespie [2007])
  • Three or more authors: (Sandhu et al. [2008])

About the journal

Full journal titleThe British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
AbbreviationBr. J. Philos. Sci.
ISSN (print)0007-0882
ISSN (online)1464-3537
History and Philosophy of Science

Other styles