How to format your references using the Fertility Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Fertility Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ball P. Life’s lessons in design. Nature. 2001;409:413–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Poulet JFA, Petersen CCH. Internal brain state regulates membrane potential synchrony in barrel cortex of behaving mice. Nature. 2008;454:881–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Hinrichs K-U, Hmelo LR, Sylva SP. Molecular fossil record of elevated methane levels in late Pleistocene coastal waters. Science. 2003;299:1214–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Colomer-de-Simón P, Serrano MÁ, Beiró MG, Alvarez-Hamelin JI, Boguñá M. Deciphering the global organization of clustering in real complex networks. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2517.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Richards SA, Hollerton JC. Essential Practical NMR for Organic Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2010.
An edited book
1. Matteotti R, Ashley SW, editors. Minimally Invasive Surgical Oncology: State-of- the-Art Cancer Management. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Ames M, Burcon S. The Gendered Self-Help Reel: How Romantic Comedies Instruct Women on Dating Dos and Don’ts. In: Burcon S, editor. How Pop Culture Shapes the Stages of a Woman’s Life: From Toddlers-in-Tiaras to Cougars-on-the-Prowl. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016. p. 58–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Fertility Research and Practice.

Blog post
1. Taub B. This Is What Bronze Age Women Looked Like [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/bronze-age-women-looked-like/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle: Action Needed to Improve Visibility into Cost, Schedule, and Capacity to Resolve Technical Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Jul. Report No.: GAO-16-620.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Abrahamian A. Diagnosis and treatment of childhood depression: A resource for pediatricians [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Schwartz J. Climate Scientists Unite With Lawyers to Counter Attacks on Their Efforts. New York Times. 2017 May 15;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleFertility Research and Practice
AbbreviationFertil. Res. Pract.
ISSN (online)2054-7099
Scope

Other styles