How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beverley, S. M. (2015). Parasitology: CRISPR for Cryptosporidium. Nature 523: 413–414.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wang, B. and Ohgushi, K. (2013). Superconductivity in anti-post-Perovskite vanadium compounds. Sci. Rep. 3: 3381.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thornalley, D. J. R., Elderfield, H. and McCave, I. N. (2009). Holocene oscillations in temperature and salinity of the surface subpolar North Atlantic. Nature 457: 711–714.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brown, B. E., Dunne, R. P., Goodson, M. S. and Douglas, A. E. (2000). Bleaching patterns in reef corals. Nature 404: 142–143.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Malamed, C. (2015). Visual Design Solutions, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Steinfeldt, M. (2007). Nanotechnologies, Hazards and Resource Efficiency: A Three-Tiered Approach to Assessing the Implications of Nanotechnology and Influencing its Development, A. von Gleich U. Petschow and R. Haum (eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ye, L. and Hou, J. (2015). Conjugated Polymer Photovoltaic Materials. In Y. Li (ed.), Organic Optoelectronic Materials, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp.195–239.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Research.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017). Your Boss Could Be Spying On You Using This Device (consulted October 2018:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1986). Contract Pricing: Subcontractor Prices Overstated on AN/TSQ-111 Communications Contract, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kantar, L. (2010). Clinical judgment among new nursing graduates: A multiple-case study, Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2013). Embracing Miami’s Past And Future. New York Times D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beverley 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Beverley 2015; Wang and Ohgushi 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wang and Ohgushi 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Brown et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Research
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Res.
ISSN (print)1059-0161
ISSN (online)1573-7756
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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