How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Clary, D. C. (2006). Chemistry. Quantum chemistry of complex systems. Science 314: 265–266.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mascie-Taylor, C. G. N. and Karim, E. (2003). The burden of chronic disease. Science 302: 1921–1922.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meloso, D., Copic, J. and Bossaerts, P. (2009). Promoting intellectual discovery: patents versus markets. Science 323: 1335–1339.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vavylonis, D., Wu, J.-Q., Hao, S., O’Shaughnessy, B. and Pollard, T. D. (2008). Assembly mechanism of the contractile ring for cytokinesis by fission yeast. Science 319: 97–100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight, J. G. and Singh, K. (2014). Environmental Management of Energy from Biofuels and Biofeedstocks, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Leite, J., Torroni, P., Ågotnes, T., Boella, G. and Torre, L. van der eds. (2011). Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems: 12th International Workshop, CLIMA XII, Barcelona, Spain, July 17-18, 2011. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Strumiłło, K. (2016). Adaptive Reuse of Buildings as an Important Factor of Sustainable Development. In J. Charytonowicz (ed.), Advances in Human Factors and Sustainable Infrastructure: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Human Factors and Sustainable Infrastructure, July 27-31, 2016, Walt Disney World®, Florida, USA, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp.51–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Research.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016). How Tiny Black Spots Shed Light On Part Of The Homo Naledi Mystery (consulted October 2018:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981). Review of a Computer Hardware Acquisition for NOAA in Boulder, Colorado, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fuller, J. B. (2015). The Woodsman’s Son, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Green, L. V. (2006). Beds of State. New York Times LI15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Clary 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Clary 2006; Mascie-Taylor and Karim 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mascie-Taylor and Karim 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Vavylonis et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Research
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Res.
ISSN (print)1059-0161
ISSN (online)1573-7756
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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