How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hunt, G. (2007). Paleontology. Variation and early evolution. Science 317: 459–460.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pacala, S. and Socolow, R. (2004). Stabilization wedges: solving the climate problem for the next 50 years with current technologies. Science 305: 968–972.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hinks, D. G., Claus, H. and Jorgensen, J. D. (2001). The complex nature of superconductivity in MgB2 as revealed by the reduced total isotope effect. Nature 411: 457–460.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gao, Y.-G., Selmer, M., Dunham, C. M., Weixlbaumer, A., Kelley, A. C. and Ramakrishnan, V. (2009). The structure of the ribosome with elongation factor G trapped in the posttranslocational state. Science 326: 694–699.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reay, D. (2012). Digital Signal Processing and Applications with the OMAP-L138 eXperimenter, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bora, N., Dodd, C. and Desmasures, N. eds. (2015). Diversity, Dynamics and Functional Role of Actinomycetes on European Smear Ripened Cheeses, Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Müller, P., Quintana, F. A., Jara, A. and Hanson, T. (2015). Regression. In F. A. Quintana A. Jara and T. Hanson (eds.), Bayesian Nonparametric Data Analysis, Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp.51–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Research.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2016). The Leonid Meteor Shower Peaks Tonight (consulted October 2018: https://www.iflscience.com/space/the-leonid-meteor-shower-peaks-tonight/).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). General Aviation Security: Increased Federal Oversight Is Needed, but Continued Partnership with the Private Sector Is Critical to Long-Term Success, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dolan, D. J. (2017). Structural Evolution of Martin Crater Thaumasia Planum, Mars, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Soble, J. and de la MERCED, M. J. (2017). Takata, Preparing for a Sale, Is Said to Near Bankruptcy. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hunt 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hunt 2007; Pacala and Socolow 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pacala and Socolow 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Gao et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Research
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Res.
ISSN (print)1059-0161
ISSN (online)1573-7756
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities
Archaeology

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