How to format your references using the Journal of Archaeological Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Archaeological Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Armitage, P. J. (2013). Astronomy. A trap for planet formation. Science 340: 1179–1180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Park, J. and Levin, V. (2002). Seismic anisotropy: tracing plate dynamics in the mantle. Science 296: 485–489.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kahn, S. E., Hull, R. L. and Utzschneider, K. M. (2006). Mechanisms linking obesity to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Nature 444: 840–846.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Capoccioni, F., Costa, C., Canali, E., Aguzzi, J., Antonucci, F., Ragonese, S. and Bianchini, M. L. (2014). The potential reproductive contribution of Mediterranean migrating eels to the Anguilla anguilla stock. Sci. Rep. 4: 7188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lastovetsky, A. (2003). Parallel Computing on Heterogeneous Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Ahmad, S. I. ed. (2010). Diseases of DNA Repair, Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Dyson, M. and Plunkett, M. (2014). Enhancing Interpersonal Relationships in Teacher Education through the Development and Practice of Reflective Mentoring. In D. Zandvliet P. D. Brok T. Mainhard and J. van Tartwijk (eds.), Interpersonal Relationships in Education: From Theory to Practice, SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp.37–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Archaeological Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Gray Wolf Pack Spotted In California For The First Time In 90 Years (consulted October 2018:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Customs Service Modernization: Automated Commercial Environment Progressing, but Further Acquisition Management Improvements Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mazgaeen, L. (2017). Differential RNAi Approaches to Enhance Knockdown Efficiency of Target Gene Transcripts in the Highly DDT-Resistant 91-R Strain of Drosophila melanogaster, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2007). When Grease Is the Way You Are Feeling. New York Times NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Armitage 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Armitage 2013; Park and Levin 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Park and Levin 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Capoccioni et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Archaeological Research
AbbreviationJ. Archaeol. Res.
ISSN (print)1059-0161
ISSN (online)1573-7756
ScopeGeneral Arts and Humanities

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