How to format your references using the The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benford, G. 2001, Nature, 414, 399
A journal article with 2 authors
Robbins, D. W., & Hartwig, J. F. 2011, Science, 333, 1423
A journal article with 3 authors
Baer, B., Armitage, S. A. O., & Boomsma, J. J. 2006, Nature, 441, 872
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Joron, M., Frezal, L., Jones, R. T., et al. 2011, Nature, 477, 203

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salleh, S., Zomaya, A. Y., Olariu, S., & Sanugi, B. 2005, Numerical Simulations and Case Studies Using Visual C++.Net (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.)
An edited book
Pachler, N. 2010, Mobile Learning: Structures, Agency, Practices (1st ed.; Boston, MA: Springer US)
A chapter in an edited book
Dani, S. 2009, in Supply Chain Risk: A Handbook of Assessment, Management, and Performance, ed. G. A. Zsidisin, & B. Ritchie (Boston, MA: Springer US), 53

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series.

Blog post
Luntz, S. 2017, IFLScience (IFLScience),


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2006, Financial Literacy and Education Commission: Further Progress Needed to Ensure an Effective National Strategy (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garcia, D. M. 2010, Cutting a thorn: The cleansing function of female genital cutting (Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2011, New York Times, B15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Benford 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Benford 2001; Robbins & Hartwig 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Robbins & Hartwig 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Joron et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
AbbreviationAstrophys. J. Suppl. Ser.
ISSN (print)0067-0049
ISSN (online)1538-4365
ScopeSpace and Planetary Science
Astronomy and Astrophysics

Other styles