How to format your references using the Current Therapeutic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Therapeutic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cebrian J. ECOLOGY. Energy flows in ecosystems. Science. 2015;349(6252):1053-1054.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dörr K, Herklotz A. Materials science: Two steps for a magnetoelectric switch. Nature. 2014;516(7531):337-338.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoeppner DJ, Hengartner MO, Schnabel R. Engulfment genes cooperate with ced-3 to promote cell death in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature. 2001;412(6843):202-206.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu Y, Masson J-Y, Shah R, O’Regan P, West SC. RAD51C is required for Holliday junction processing in mammalian cells. Science. 2004;303(5655):243-246.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abu-Jamous B, Fa R, Nandi AK. Integrative Cluster Analysis in Bioinformatics. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Cho JM, Roberts LM, Spang CW, eds. Transnational Encounters between Germany and Japan: Perceptions of Partnership in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Palgrave Macmillan US; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Tomkin GH, Owens D. Lipoprotein Metabolism and Alterations Induced by Insulin Resistance and Diabetes. In: Jenkins AJ, Toth PP, Lyons TJ, eds. Lipoproteins in Diabetes Mellitus. Contemporary Diabetes. Springer; 2014:101-124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Therapeutic Research.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Meteorites Show How Dry Mars Really Is. IFLScience. Published November 11, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mainframe Procurements: Statistics Showing How and What the Government Is Acquiring. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Patra P. Image scaling with three different interpolation techniques and their comparisons. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S. Player’s Dream Takes a Detour in the Bronx. New York Times. August 16, 2000:D8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Therapeutic Research
AbbreviationCurr. Ther. Res. Clin. Exp.
ISSN (print)0011-393X
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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