How to format your references using the Current Therapeutic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Therapeutic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cann RL. Genetics. Y weigh in again on modern humans. Science. 2013;341(6145):465-467.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pucadyil TJ, Schmid SL. Conserved functions of membrane active GTPases in coated vesicle formation. Science. 2009;325(5945):1217-1220.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gavriil FP, Kaspi VM, Woods PM. Magnetar-like X-ray bursts from an anomalous X-ray pulsar. Nature. 2002;419(6903):142-144.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Forkey JN, Quinlan ME, Shaw MA, Corrie JET, Goldman YE. Three-dimensional structural dynamics of myosin V by single-molecule fluorescence polarization. Nature. 2003;422(6930):399-404.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Irene EA. Electronic Materials Science. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Larica C, Mercader RC, Partiti C, Gancedo JR, eds. LACAME 2006: Proceedings of the 10th Latin American Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (LACAME 2006) Held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 5–9 November 2006. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Crain T, Imbs D, Raynal M. Towards a Universal Construction for Transaction-Based Multiprocess Programs. In: Bononi L, Datta AK, Devismes S, Misra A, eds. Distributed Computing and Networking: 13th International Conference, ICDCN 2012, Hong Kong, China, January 3-6, 2012. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2012:61-75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Therapeutic Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Milky Way galaxy likely formed inside out. IFLScience. Published January 21, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Drug Education: School-Based Programs Seen as Useful but Impact Unknown. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Neilson DH. Structured Interactions and Collective Outcomes Essays on Production and Finance. Doctoral dissertation. Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Less Than Two Years In, Sanchez Era Has Arrived. New York Times. November 22, 2010:D5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Therapeutic Research
AbbreviationCurr. Ther. Res. Clin. Exp.
ISSN (print)0011-393X
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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