How to format your references using the Current Therapeutic Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Current Therapeutic Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Deweerdt S. Comparative biology: Naked ambition. Nature. 2014;509(7502):S60-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Indriolo E, Goring DR. Plant science. Pollen gets more complex. Science. 2010;330(6005):767-768.
A journal article with 3 authors
Basch ML, Bronner-Fraser M, García-Castro MI. Specification of the neural crest occurs during gastrulation and requires Pax7. Nature. 2006;441(7090):218-222.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Schiano P, Provost A, Clocchiatti R, Faure F. Transcrystalline melt migration and Earth’s mantle. Science. 2006;314(5801):970-974.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Venkataraman K. Design of Jigs, Fixtures and Press Tools. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2015.
An edited book
Kislyakov S. Extremal Problems in Interpolation Theory, Whitney-Besicovitch Coverings, and Singular Integrals. Vol 74. (Kruglyak N, ed.). Basel: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Martín ME, Sánchez ML, Muñoz-Losa A, Fdez. Galván I, Aguilar MA. Accelerating QM/MM Calculations by Using the Mean Field Approximation. In: Rivail J-L, Ruiz-Lopez M, Assfeld X, eds. Quantum Modeling of Complex Molecular Systems. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:135-152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Current Therapeutic Research.

Blog post
Andrew D. Alcohol Is One Of The 5 Most Addictive Substances On The Planet. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Battlefield Automation: Better Justification and Testing Needed for Common Computer Acquisition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu C. Regulatory functions of the actin cytoskeleton in B cell receptor signaling. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. As a Neighborhood Rebuilds, An Ex-Gadfly Gets Some Clout. New York Times. December 16, 2001:144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCurrent Therapeutic Research
AbbreviationCurr. Ther. Res. Clin. Exp.
ISSN (print)0011-393X
ScopePharmacology (medical)

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