How to format your references using the The International Journal of Developmental Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Developmental Biology (IJDB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
BURIAK JM (2004). Chemistry. Chemistry with nanoscale perfection. Science 304: 692–693.
A journal article with 2 authors
GARCÍA-SASTRE A, BIRON CA (2006). Type 1 interferons and the virus-host relationship: a lesson in détente. Science 312: 879–882.
A journal article with 3 authors
XUE H-J, LI W-Z, YANG X-K (2014). Assortative mating between two sympatric closely-related specialists: inferred from molecular phylogenetic analysis and behavioral data. Sci Rep 4: 5436.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
DEWAR H, TANAKA K, NASMYTH K, TANAKA TU (2004). Tension between two kinetochores suffices for their bi-orientation on the mitotic spindle. Nature 428: 93–97.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
LI H-X, LU X (2014). System Design and Control Integration for Advanced Manufacturing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
HEREDIA RR, ALTARRIBA J, CIEŚLICKA AB (Eds) (2016). Methods in Bilingual Reading Comprehension Research, 1st ed. 2016. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
RUFFA C (2016). “Just Deploy and Always Call It Peacekeeping!” Italian Strategic Culture and International Military Operations. In European Participation in International Operations: The Role of Strategic Culture (Ed. M Britz). Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 101–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Developmental Biology.

Blog post
ANDREW E (2014). Trapping Light In A “Tornado” Could Have Major Implications. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1988). Railroad Safety: Reporting Time Frames and Results of Post-Accident Drug Tests. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DURAN PE (2010). Factors and prevention strategies to fight childhood obesity. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
BERNSTEIN N (2016). 22 Unclaimed Bodies Endured a Grim Detour Before Burial. New York Times: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buriak, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Buriak, 2004; García-Sastre and Biron, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (García-Sastre and Biron, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Dewar et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Developmental Biology
AbbreviationInt. J. Dev. Biol.
ISSN (print)0214-6282
ISSN (online)1696-3547
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

Other styles