How to format your references using the The International Journal of Developmental Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The International Journal of Developmental Biology (IJDB). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
STOKSTAD E (2000). MARINE CONSERVATION: Virginia Gets Crabby About Harvest Limits. Science 289: 1122a.
A journal article with 2 authors
HELMS JA, SCHNEIDER RA (2003). Cranial skeletal biology. Nature 423: 326–331.
A journal article with 3 authors
LAMPARD GR, MACALISTER CA, BERGMANN DC (2008). Arabidopsis stomatal initiation is controlled by MAPK-mediated regulation of the bHLH SPEECHLESS. Science 322: 1113–1116.
A journal article with 20 or more authors
CHEN G, SEKI Y, KIMURA H, SAKURAI S, YUMURA M, HATA K, FUTABA DN (2014). Diameter control of single-walled carbon nanotube forests from 1.3-3.0 nm by arc plasma deposition. Sci Rep 4: 3804.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
HARRIS M (2015). Inside the Crystal Ball. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
D’ERRICO F, POGGI I, VINCIARELLI A, VINCZE L (Eds) (2015). Conflict and Multimodal Communication: Social Research and Machine Intelligence. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
SANO T, HORI J-I, TAKAHASHI Y, UNESAKI H, NAKAJIMA K (2015). Development of Nondestructive Assay of Fuel Debris of Fukushima Daiichi NPP (2): Numerical Validation for the Application of a Self-Indication Method. In Nuclear Back-end and Transmutation Technology for Waste Disposal: Beyond the Fukushima Accident (Ed. K Nakajima). Springer Japan, Tokyo, pp. 31–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The International Journal of Developmental Biology.

Blog post
ANDREW D (2016). New Estimate Suggests A Quarter Of The World’s Population Has Latent Tuberculosis. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (2012). Geostationary Weather Satellites: Design Progress Made, but Schedule Uncertainty Needs to be Addressed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
BAI H (2008). High Temperature Proton-Exchange and Fuel Processing Membranes for Fuel Cells and Other Applications. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
WALSH MW (2012). Muni Bonds Not as Safe As Thought. New York Times: B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Stokstad, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Helms and Schneider, 2003; Stokstad, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Helms and Schneider, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe International Journal of Developmental Biology
AbbreviationInt. J. Dev. Biol.
ISSN (print)0214-6282
ISSN (online)1696-3547
ScopeDevelopmental Biology

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