How to format your references using the Computers, Environment and Urban Systems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Colquhoun, D. (2007). Science degrees without the science. Nature, 446(7134), 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Maniatis, T., & Tasic, B. (2002). Alternative pre-mRNA splicing and proteome expansion in metazoans. Nature, 418(6894), 236–243.
A journal article with 3 authors
Terry, L. J., Shows, E. B., & Wente, S. R. (2007). Crossing the nuclear envelope: hierarchical regulation of nucleocytoplasmic transport. Science (New York, N.Y.), 318(5855), 1412–1416.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Seehawer, M., Heinzmann, F., D’Artista, L., Harbig, J., Roux, P.-F., Hoenicke, L., Dang, H., Klotz, S., Robinson, L., Doré, G., Rozenblum, N., Kang, T.-W., Chawla, R., Buch, T., Vucur, M., Roth, M., Zuber, J., Luedde, T., Sipos, B., … Zender, L. (2018). Necroptosis microenvironment directs lineage commitment in liver cancer. Nature, 562(7725), 69–75.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cliteur, P. (2010). The Secular Outlook. Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Burg, A., Coṣkun, A., Guthaus, M., Katkoori, S., & Reis, R. (Eds.). (2013). VLSI-SoC: From Algorithms to Circuits and System-on-Chip Design: 20th IFIP WG 10.5/IEEE International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration, VLSI-SoC 2012, Santa Cruz, CA, USA, October 7-10, 2012, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 418). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chatterjee, K., Doyen, L., Filiot, E., & Raskin, J.-F. (2014). Doomsday Equilibria for Omega-Regular Games. In K. L. McMillan & X. Rival (Eds.), Verification, Model Checking, and Abstract Interpretation: 15th International Conference, VMCAI 2014, San Diego, CA, USA, January 19-21, 2014, Proceedings (pp. 78–97). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Computers, Environment and Urban Systems.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, June 24). Three-Mile-High “Pyramid” Seen on Ceres. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). International Air Travelers: CBP Collaborates with Stakeholders to Facilitate the Arrivals Process, but Could Strengthen Reporting of Airport Wait Times (GAO-17-470). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sevilla, A. D. (2014). The moderating influence of core self-evaluation, emotional intelligence and extraversion on career success [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2016, October 18). Pearl Jam, Shakur Among Rock Nominees. New York Times, C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Colquhoun, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Colquhoun, 2007; Maniatis & Tasic, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Maniatis & Tasic, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Terry et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Seehawer et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleComputers, Environment and Urban Systems
AbbreviationComput. Environ. Urban Syst.
ISSN (print)0198-9715
ScopeGeneral Environmental Science
Ecological Modelling
Geography, Planning and Development
Urban Studies

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